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Prof. P. J. Rhodes, FBA

Emeritus Fellow

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Emeritus Fellow of University College  
Member of the Centre for the Study of the Ancient Mediterranean and the Near East  


P. J. Rhodes was the Department's specialist in Greek history from 1965 to 2005 (Professor of Ancient History from 1983); since his retirement in 2005 he has been Honorary Professor and Emeritus Professor. He is author of The Athenian Boule (1972, rev. 1985), Greek Historical Inscriptions, 359-323 BC (1972, rev. 1986), A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia (1981, rev. 1993), The Athenian Empire (1985, rev. 1993), The Greek City States: A Source Book (1986, rev. and enlarged edition 2007), (with D. M. Lewis) The Decrees of the Greek States (1997), Ancient Democracy and Modern Ideology (2003), (with R. Osborne) Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404-323 BC (2003, corr. 2007), A History of the Classical Greek World, 478-323 BC (2005, 2nd ed. 2010) and Alcibiades (2011). He has translated The Athenian Constitution for Penguin Classics (1984), has produced editions of Thucydides, Books II (1988), III (1994), and IV.1-V.24 (1998), and The Old Oligarch (with J. L. Marr, 2008), and has edited (with L. G. Mitchell) The Development of the Polis in Archaic Greece (1997), D. M.Lewis's Selected Papers in Greek and Near Eastern History (1997), Athenian Democracy (2004), and (with E. E. Bridges and E. M. Hall) Cultural Responses to the Persian Wars: Antiquity to the Third Millennium (2007).

He is a contributor to the 2nd edition of the Cambridge Ancient History, to the 3rd and 4th editions of the Oxford Classical Dictionary, to Der neue Pauly and to the Blackwell-Wiley Encyclopedia of Ancient History. He has been a Consultant to the Copenhagen Polis Centre, and is a member of the editorial board of Bryn Mawr Classical Review (U.S.A.) and of the international advisory boards of Acta Antiqua (Hungary),.Mouseion (Canada), Grammateion (Greece) and Scripta Classica Israelica.

He has been a Junior Fellow of the Center for Hellenic Studies, Washington, D.C., and a member of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, N.J., and has also held visiting fellowships at the University of New England, Australia, and under the auspices of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. In 2002 he was Langford Family Eminent Scholar at Florida State University. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, where he was vice-chairman of the Classical Antiquity Section 1999-2002 and chairman 2002-5, and is a Foreign Member of the Royal Danish Academy, a Fellow of the Fondazione Lorenzo Valla and an Honorary Member of the Greek Epigraphic Society. In 2014/5 he is President of the Classical Association.

Research interests

  • Greek history and historical literature
  • Greek politics and political institutions


Authored book

  • Rhodes, P. J. (2018). Periclean Athens. Bloomsbury.
  • Osborne, R. G. & Rhodes, P. J. (2017). Greek Historical Incriptions, 478-404 B.C. Oxford University Press.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2015). Thucydides. Bloomsbury.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2014). A Short History of Ancient Greece. I. B. Tauris.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2011). Alcibiades. Pen and Sword Books.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2010). A History of the Classical Greek World: 478 - 323 B.C. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). The Greek City States: A Source Book. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2005). A History of the Classical Greek World, 478 - 323 B.C. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Rhodes, P. J & Osborne, Robin (2003). Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404 - 323 B.C. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2003). Ancient Democracy and Modern Ideology. London: Duckworth.

Chapter in book

  • Rhodes, P.J. (2019). Lawfulness and Violence in Decision-Making in Xenophon's Hellenica. In Xenophon on Violence. Kapellos, A De Gruyter. 88: 45-65.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2020). The Reception of the Constitution of the Athenians in Britain in the Nineteenth Century. In Les aventures d'un pamphlet antidemocratique: transmission et reception de la Constitution des Atheniens du Pseudo-Xenophon. Lenfant, D. De Boccard. 131-141.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2019). Buildings and History. In Greek Art in Motion: Studies in Honour of Sir John Boardman on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday. Morais, R., Leao, D., Rodriguez Perez, D. & Ferreira, D. Archaeopress. 46-54.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2019). John Davies, Greek Historian. In The Power of Individual and Community in Ancient Athens and Beyond: Essays in Honour of J. K. Davies. Archibald, Z.H. & Haywood, J. Classical Press of Wales. 311-315.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2018). Herodotus on Democracy. In Interpreting Herodotus: Essays after Charles Fornara. Irwin, E. K. & Harrison, T. E. H. Oxford University Press. 265-277.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2018). Erasures in Greek Public Documents. In The Materialty of Text: Presences and Perceptions of Inscribed Text in Classical Antiquity. Petrovic, A., Petrovic, I. & Thomas, E. V. Brill. 145-166.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2018). The Athenian Assembly: Continuing Problems (translated into Russian by V. Gouschin). In Pentekontaetia: Issledovanij po anticnoi istorii i kul'ture: sbornik posvjascennyi jubileju Igorja Evgen'evica Surikova [Festschrift for I. E. Surikov]. Gabelko, O. L., Makhlauk, A.V. & Smitsyn, A. A. RChGA. 110-116.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2018). Athenian Foreign Policy. In The Oxford Handbook of Demosthenes. Martin, G Oxford University Press. 129-141.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2017). Boiotian Democracy? In Boiotia in the Fourth Century B.C. Gartland, S. D. University of Pennsylvania Press. 59-64, 183-185.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2016). Fourth-Century Appointments in Athens. In Die athenische Demokratie im vierten Jahrhundert: Zwischen Modernisierung und Tradition. Tiersch, C. Steiner. 109-119.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2015). Instability in the Greek Cities. In Deformations and Crises of Ancient Civil Communities. Gouschin, V. & Rhodes, P. J. Steiner. 27-46.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2015). The Date of the 'Financial Decrees of Callias' (IG i3 52). In =Axon=: Studies in Honor of Ronald S. Stroud. Matthaiou, A. P. & Papazarkadas, N. Greek Epigraphic Society. 39-47.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2014). The Congruence of Power: Ruling and Being Ruled in Greek Participatory Communities. In A Companion to Greek Democracy and the Roman Republic. Hammer, D. & # Wiley-Blackwell. 131-145.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2014). What Remains of Periclean Imperialism? In Αθηναίων επίσκοπος Studies in honour of Harold B. Mattingly. Matthaiou, A. P. & Pitt, R. K. Athens: Greek Epigraphic Society. 16: 39-49.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2013). The Alleged Failure of Athens in the Fourth Century. In The Greek World in the 4th and 3rd Centuries B.C. Dabrowa, E. & Sprawski, S. Jagiellonian University Press. 19: 111-129.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2013). Athenian Democracy and Tragedy. In The Encyclopedia of Greek Tragedy. Roisman, H. Wiley-Blackwell. 1: 155-159.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2011). Biaios Didaskalos? Thucydides and His Lessons for His Readers. In Thucydides -- A "Violent Teacher"? History and Its Representations. Rechenauer, G. & Pothou, V. V&R Unipress. 17-28.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2011). Response to Griffith and OKell. In Why Athens? A Reappraisal of Tragic Politics. Carter, D.M. Oxford Univertsity Press. 237-241.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2011). Appeals to the Past in Classical Athens. In Stablilty and Crisis in the Athenian Democracy. Herman, G. Steiner. Historia Einzelschriften 220: 13-30.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2010). Stability in the Athenian Democracy after 403 B.C. In Zwischen Monarchie und Republik. Linke, B., Meier, M. & Strothmann, M. Stuttgart: Steiner. 67-75.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2010). "Lycurgan" Athens. In Philathenaios: Studies in Honour of M. J. Osborne. Tamis, A., Mackie, C. J. & Byrne, S. G. Athens: Greek Epigraphic Society. 81-90.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2010). The Literary and Epigraphic Evidence: to the Roman Conquest. In A Companion to Ancient Macedonia. Roisman, J. & Worthington, I. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 23-40.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2010). The "Assembly" at the End of Aristophanes' Knights. In Law and Drama in Ancient Greece. Harris, E. M., Leao, D. F. & Rhodes, P. J. London: Duckworth. 158-168.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Civic Ideology and Citizenship. In A Companion to Greek and Roman Political Thought. Balot, R.K. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 57-69.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Political Leagues (other then Sparta's) in Xenophon's Hellenika. In The Landmark Xenophon's Hellenika. Strassler, R.B. New York: Pantheon Books. 369-373.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Epigraphy. In The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies. Boys-Stones, G. R., Graziosi, B. & Vasunia, P. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 709-719.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2008). Making and Breaking Treaties in the Greek World. In War and Peace in Ancient and Medieval History. de Souza, P. & France, J. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 6-27.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2008). Greek City-State. In Encarta Encyclopaedia. Encarta.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). Oaths in Political Life. In Horkos: The Oath in Greek Society. Sommerstein, A. H. & Fletcher, J. Exeter: Bristole Phoenix Press (an imprint of Exeter Press). 11-25, 220-223.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). Documents and the Greek Historians. In A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography. Marincola, J. Oxford.: Blackwell. 1: 56-66.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). The Impact of the Persian Wars in Classical Greece. In Cultural Responses to the Persian Wars: Antiquity to the Third Millennium. Bridges, E., Hall, E. & Rhodes, P. J. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 31-44.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). Democracy and Empire. In The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Pericles. Samons, L.J. & II New York: Cambridge University Press. 24-45.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). The Non-Literary Written Sources. In A Companion to the Classical Greek World. Kinzl, K.H. Oxford: Blackwell. 45-63.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). The Literary Sources. In A Companion to the Classical Greek World. Kinzl, K.H. Oxford: Blackwell. 26-44.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). 'Classical' and 'Hellenistic' in Athenian History. In Greek and Hellenistic Studies. Dabrowa, E. Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press. 27-43.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). Thucydides and Athenian History. In Brill's Companion to Thucydides. Rengakos, A. & Tsakmakis, A. Leiden: Brill. 523-546.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2004). The Laws of Athens in the Athenaion Politeia. In Nomos: Direito e Sociedade na Antiguidade Classica. Leao, D. F., Rossetti, L. & Fialho, M. do Ceo G. Z. Coimbra / Madrid: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra / Ediciones Clasicas. 75-87.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2000). Oligarchs in Athens. In Alternatives to Athens: Varietries of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece. Brock, R. w. & Hodkinson, S. J. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 119-136.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2000). Who Ran Democratic Athens? In Polis and Ploitics; Studies in Ancient Greek Society Presented to Mogens Herman Hansen. Flensted-Jensen, P., Nielsen, T. H. & Rubinstein, L. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. 465-477.

Conference Paper

  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009), Response to David Whitehead, Symposion 2007: Vorträge zur griechischen und hellenistischen Rechtsgeschichte = Papers on Greek and Hellenistic legal history. Durham, England, Verlag der Oesterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Durham, 37-40.

Conference Proceeding

  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). The Cambridge Ancient History. Classical Books: Scholarship and Publishing in Britain Since 1800, Cambridge, Institute of Classical Studies.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). Democracy and Its Opponents in Fourth-Century Athens. Democrazia e antidemocrazia nel mondo greco, Chieti, Edizioni dell' Orso for Univ. Chieti-Pescara.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). The Reforms and Laws of Solon: An Optimistic View. Solon of Athens: New Historical and Philological Approaches, Nijmegen, Brill.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2004). Aristophanes and the Athenian Assembly. Law, Rhetoric and Comedy in Classical Athens: Essays in Honour of Douglas M. MacDowell, Glasgow, Classical Press of Wales.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2003). Herodotean Chronology Revisited. Herodotus and His World; Essays from a Conference in Memory of George Forrest, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Edited book

  • Gouschin, V. & Rhodes, P. J. (2015). Deformations and Crises of Ancient Civil Communities. Steiner.
  • P. A. Low, G. J. Oliver & P. J. Rhodes (2012). Cultures of Commemoration: War Memorials, Ancient and Modern. Proceedings of the British Academy 160. Oxford University Press.
  • Harris, E. M., Leao, D. F. & Rhodes, P. J. (2010). Law and Drama in Ancient Greece. London: Duckworth.
  • Bridges, Emma, Hall, Edith & Rhodes, P. J. (2007). Cultural responses to the Persian Wars: Antiquity to the Third Millennium. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2004). Athenian Democracy. Edinburgh Readings on the Ancient World. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Journal Article

  • Rhodes, P. J. (2019). Tyranny in Greece in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C. Polis 36: 419-441.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2019). The Athenian Assembly and Council: Continuing Problems. Journal of Ancient Civilizations 34: 39-67.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2016). Heraclides of Clazomenae and an Athenian Treaty with Persia. Zeitschrift fuer Papyrologie und Epigraphik 200: 177-186.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2016). Demagogues and Demos in Athens. Polis 33(2): 243-264.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2015). Directions in the Study of Athenian Democracy. Scripta Classica Israelica 34: 49-68.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2015). Leopold Migeotte on Athenian Finance. Topoi 20: 395-409.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2015). Solon in Aristotle's School. Trends in Classics 7(1): 151-160.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2014). Theseus the Democrat. Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica 15(3): 98-118.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2013). The Organisation of Athenian Public Finance. Greece and Rome n.s. 60(02): 203-231.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2011). The Dionysia and Democracy Again. Classical Quarterly n.s. 61(1): 71-74.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2011). The Erxadieis Inscription. Acta Antiqua Hungarica 51: 9-15.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Ancient Athens: Democracy and Empire. European Review of History 16: 210-215.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Thucydidean Chronology. Acta Antiqua Hungarica 49: 353-358.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). State and Religion in Athenian Inscriptions. Greece and Rome n.s. 56: 1-13.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). How Seriously Should We Take the Old Oligarch? Pegasus 52: 8-13.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Hyperides' Against Diondas: Two Problems. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 52: 223-228.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2008). After the Three-Bar Sigma Controversy: The History of Athenian Imperialism reassessed. Classical Quarterly n.s. 58: 500-506.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2008). Thucydides and His Audience: What Thucydides Explains and What Ge Does Not. Acta Antiqua Hungarica 48: 83-88.
  • Carey, C., Edwards, M., Farkas, Z., Herrman, J., Horvath, L., Mayer, G., Meszaros, T., Rhodes, P. J. & Tchernetska, N. (2008). Fragments of Hyperides' Against Diondas from the Archimedes Palimpsest. Zeitschrift fuer Papyrologie und Epigraphik 165: 1-19.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2007). Dioikesis. Chiron 37: 349-362.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2006). Milesian Stephanephoroi: Applying Cavaignac Correctly. Zeitschrift fuer Papyrologie und Epigraphik 157: 116.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2003). Sessions of Nomothetai in Fourth-Century Athens. Classical Quarterly n.s. 53: 124-129.

Other (Print)

  • Rhodes, P. J. (2015). Presidential Address. ii, 22.
  • Rhodes, P. J. (2014). Atthis: The Ancient Histories of Athens. 2: 47.
  • P. J. Rhodes (2012). Two Lectures on Athenian History.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2009). Athens in the Fourth Century B.C.
  • Rhodes, P.J. (2005). Euthynai (Accounting): A Valedictory Lecture Delivered Before the University of Durham. 15.

Scholarly Edition

  • Rhodes, P.J. (orig.) (2019). Herodotus, Histories, Book V . Liverpool University Press
  • Rhodes, P. J. (orig.) (2017). The Athenian Constitution written in the School of Aristotle . Liverpool University Press
  • Rhodes, P. J., Zambrini, A. (translator) & Gargiulo, T. (translator) (orig.) (2016). Aristotele, Costituzione degli Ateniesi . Mondadori
  • Leao, Delfim F & Rhodes, P J (orig.) (2015). The Laws of Solon: A New Edition with Introduction, Translation and Commentary . I. B. Tauris
  • Rhodes, P. J. (orig.) (2014). Thucydides, History, I . Aris & Phillips (imprint of Oxbow)
  • Hammond, J. M. & Rhodes, P. J. (orig.) (2009). Thucydides: The Peloponnesian War: translated with an introduction and notes . Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Marr, J. L. & Rhodes, P. J. (orig.) (2008). The 'Old Oligarch': The Constitution of the Athenians Attributed to Xenophon . Oxford: Aris & Phillips (imprint of Oxbow)

Translated Book

  • Rhodes, P. J. & Xydopoulos, I. K. (trans.) (2011). Hoi hellenikes poleis-krate: mia sylloge pegon . Papadema
  • Rhodes, P. J. & Trzcionkowski, L. (trans.) (2009). *Rhodes, P. J., Historia Grecji Okres klasyczny 478-323 p.n.e (A History of the Classical Greek World, 478-323 B.C.). Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press