Prof Andrew Aplin
|Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences|
2016-2020; “Academic Master”, Project of Subject Innovation and Talents Attraction in Higher Education (111 Project), China University of Petroleum, Qingdao
2014 – 2018 — Director, Centre for Research into Earth Energy Systems
2013 – present — Professor, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Durham
1990 – 2013 — Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Professor of Petroleum Geoscience, Newcastle University
2007 – 2008 — Advisor, Overburden Characterisation, BP (part time)
2001 – 2016 — Honorary Professor, Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Heriot Watt University
1997 – 1999, 2001 – 2002 — Director, Dept. of Fossil Fuels and Environmental Geochemistry, Newcastle University, UK
1994 — Visiting Professor, École Normale Superieure, Paris, France
1984 – 1990 — Inorganic Geochemist, British Petroleum Research Centre
1983 – 1984 — Royal Society European Exchange Fellow, CRPG, Nancy, France.
1983 — Ph.D. Marine Geochemistry, Imperial College, London
1978 — B.Sc. Environmental Science, University of East Anglia
Career Research Highlights
I am a geoscientist with a particular interest in shales and mudstones. After PhD and postdoctoral research in marine and isotope geochemistry, I spent several years with BP and many at Newcastle University, before joining the department in 2013. With students and RAs, I have worked on many problems linked to the physical and chemical properties of fine-grained sediments, including seals to petroleum reservoirs and CO2 storage sites, leakage, gas shales, and pore pressure estimation. Aiming to apply high quality science to help answer industrially and societally important questions, much of my work has an industrial context and involves collaboration with a diverse range of earth and other physical scientists. I have been involved with and led several, major Joint Industry Projects, have published around 100 peer-reviewed papers and was awarded the Wallace E. Pratt Memorial Award for Best Paper in AAPG Bulletin in both 2009 and 2013.
Committee and Society Service
2009 - 2010; Panel Member, United Arab Emirates National Research Foundation
2005-present; Member, Petromaks Review Committee, Research Council of Norway
Conferences and Workshops
2017; Unconventional Hydrocarbons Theme: Co-convenor, AAPG ICE, London
2014; Organising Committee: SPE Conference on Exploration and Development of Shale and Shale-Associated Reservoirs, Vienna
2013; Organising Committee: EAGE/SEG Research Workshop Geology/Rock Physics Control on Seismic VTI/TTI Model Building, with Particular Focus on Shale, Paris
2013; Geochemistry of Energy Theme: Co-convenor, Goldschmidt: Geochemical Society
2012; Geochemistry of Energy Theme: Co-convenor, European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers
2012; Organizing committee: Conference on Deep-Water Continental Margins: The final exploration frontier, The Geological Society of London
2008: Co-convenor; EAGE Research Workshop on Shale
2009: Co-convenor; SPE-AAPG-SEG Pore Pressure Workshop
2009; 2012: Co-convenor; EAGE Fault and Top Seal Research Workshop
2010: Convenor; EAGE Research Workshop on Shale
2008 - 2017; Associate Editor, Marine Petroleum Geology
2010 - 2017; Associate Editor, Petroleum Geoscience
2021; NPF, Norway
2018; Houston Geological Society, USA
2015; LowPerm2015, Rueil Malmaison
2015; Euroclay2015, Edinburgh
2015; Petroleum Geology of NW Europe, London
2015; Geomechanical and Petrophysical Properties of Mudrocks, London
2014; North Africa Oil and Gas Summit
2014; ECSSR 20th Annual Energy Conference: Future Energy Trends: Innovation, Markets, and Geopolitics, Abu Dhabi
2014; “The Environmental Challenges of the Mexican Energy Reform”, CentroMarioMolina, Mexico City
2014; Shale UK 2014, London
2014; Fourth EAGE Shale Workshop, Porto
2013; British Sedimentological Research Group Annual Meeting, Hull
2013; Society of Exploration Geophysicists D&P Forum, Integrated Geophysics for Unconventional Resources, Krakow
2012; Statoil Research Summit, Trondheim
2012; Bulgarian Energy Forum and commentator, Bulgarian Parliamentary Energy Committee, Sofia
2012; Gordon Conference on Organic Geochemistry
2012; UK Shale Summit, London
2012; ENI G&G Well Operations Technology Transfer Workshop, Milan
2012; IGEM European Shale Gas Conference, Durham
2012; "Shale Petrophysics", Statoil Shale Petrophysics Workshop
2012; "Shale Gas in Europe: Some Key Research Challenges", IGEM European Shale Gas Conference
2011; "Source rocks; Character, Prediction and value, The Geological Society of London
Membership of Organizations and Societies
2003 - 2017; Member, European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers
2006 - ongoing; Member, American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Prizes and Awards
2013; Wallace E. Pratt Memorial Award for Best Paper in AAPG Bulletin 2011, American Association of Petroleum Geologists
2009; Wallace E. Pratt Memorial Award for Best Paper in AAPG Bulletin 2007, American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Recent and Current Grants
2018-2022; Impact of hydraulic fracturing in the overburden of shale resource plays: Process-based evaluation (SHAPE-UK), £250k, NERC
2015-2019; Quantifying Controls of Pore Systems in Carbonate-rich Shales, £20k, Shell
2015-2016; Relationships between observed hydrocarbon column heights and seal capacity, £50k, Woodside
2012-2016; Multi-scale Characterisation of the Bakken Formation, £100k, Statoil
2012 - 2016; GeoPOP Phase 3, £550k, funded by Industry
2010 - 2013; Caprocks Phase 3; £1.1 million; with Leeds, Cardiff and Heriot-Watt Universities, funded by Industry
2009 - 2012; GASH (Shale Gas Europe), funded by Industry
2008 - 2011; Shale Gas Canada; with Calgary University, funded by Industry
2008 - 2011; CASE Studentship: Origin of ultra-high pore pressure, funded by NERC and Shell
2007 - 2010; Quartz Cementation, funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and BP
2006 - 2009; Caprocks: Phase 2; with Heriot-Watt and Cardiff Universities, funded by a consortium of 6 Oil Majors
2005 - 2008; Ph.D. Studentship; Non-mechanical compaction of mudstones, funded by NERC and BP
2005 - 2008; NERC in-kind Grant: "Toward process-based design of passive systems for treatment of acidic mine and spoil heap drainage". Co -PI with Adam Jarvis
2006 - 2008; Caprocks: Phase 2, funded by a consortium of 6 Oil Majors
2004 - 2007; NERC Standard Grant: UK Carbon Capture and Storage Consortium
2002 - 2005; Caprocks: Phase 1. With Heriot-Watt and Cardiff Universities, funded by a consortium of 8 Oil Majors
My interests are mainly rooted in petroleum geoscience, although I also have a background in environmental geochemistry. My work focusses especially on fine-grained sediments, including seals to petroleum reservoir and CO2 storage sites, gas/oil shales, fluid flow including leakage and migration.
- Climate and Environmental Change
- Geoenergy, Resources and Waste
- Sedimentology Research Group
- 2021: Project 535699: COA Extension #52 NE/R017840/1(£0.00 from Natural Environmental Research Council)
- 2018: SHAPE-UK: Impact of hydraulic fracturing in the overburden of shale resource plays: Process-based evaluation(£126763.03 from Natural Environmental Research Council)
- 2017: H2020-BESTOFRAC: Enviornmentally best practices and optmisation in hydrolic fracturing for shale gas/oil devleopment(£171202.57 from European Commission)
- 2016: Inspire: Identifying North Sea Palaezozoic Prospectivity(£239948.00 from Oil and Gas Authority)
- 2015: Investigation of the relationships between observed hydrocarbon column heights, occurance of background over-pressure and seal capacity(£50000.00 from Woodside Energy Ltd)
- 2015: Quantifying Controls of Pore Systems in Carbonate-rich Shales(£20000.00 from Shell)
- 2013: Jurassic shale analogue study: from resource to reserve (JARR)(£65738.00 from NERC - Natural Environment Research Council)
- 2013: Multi-scale geological characterisation of overburden sequences - PhD(£100000.00 from Statoil (UK) Ltd)
- 2013: Petroleum Caprocks: Phase 3 Petrophysics, Flow Properties and Risking of Mud-rich Top Seals(£337229.80 from Newcastle University)
- 2012: GEOPOP3(£655481.99 from MISC Industry/Commerce)
- 2012: RF050177: GeoPOP3, MISC Industry/Commerce, £987602.38, 2012-03-01 - 2015-06-30
Available for media contact about:
- Oil and gas: Unconventional hydrocarbons including gas shales and shale oil
- Aplin, A.C. & Macquaker, J.H.S. (2010). #20, Getting Started in Shales. AAPG/Datapages.
Chapter in book
- Aplin, A.C. & Moore, J.K.S. (2016). Observations of pore systems of natural siliciclastic mudstones. In Filling the Gaps - From Microscopic Pore Structures to Transport Properties in Shales. Schäfer, Thorsten, Dohrmann, Reiner & Greenwell, H.C. Clay Minerals Society. 21: 33-44.
- Bernard, S., Wirth, R., Schreiber, A., Bowen, L., Aplin, A.C., Mathia, E.J., Schulz, H. -M. & Horsfield, B. (2013). FIB-SEM and TEM investigations of an organic-rich shale maturation series (Lower Toarcian Posidonia Shale): Nanoscale pore system and fluid-rock interactions. In Electron microscopy of shale hydrocarbon reservoirs. Camp, W., Diaz, E. & Wawak, B. AAPG. 102: 53-66.
- Charlton, T. S., Rouainia, M., Aplin, A. C., Fisher, Q. J. & Bowen, L. (2023). Nanoindentation of Horn River Basin Shales: The Micromechanical Contrast Between Overburden and Reservoir Formations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 128(3): e2022JB025957.
- Oye, Olakunle J., Aplin, Andrew C., Orland, Ian J. & Valley, John W. (2023). Low volumes of quartz cement in deeply buried Fulmar Formation sandstones explained by a low effective stress burial history. Geoenergy Science and Engineering 221: 211383.
- Li, Yuyuan, Zha, Ming, Song, Rongcai, Aplin, Andrew C., Bowen, Leon, Wang, Xingmou & Zhang, Yunyin (2021). Microstructure and pore systems of shallow-buried fluvial mudstone caprocks in Zhanhua Depression, east China inferred from SEM and MICP. Marine and Petroleum Geology 132: 105189.
- Charlton, T. S., Goodarzi, M., Rouainia, M., Aplin, A. C. & Cubillas, P. (2021). Effect of Diagenesis on Geomechanical Properties of Organic‐rich Calcareous Shale: A Multiscale Investigation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 126(7): e2020JB021365.
- Graham, S. P., Rouainia, M., Aplin, A. C., Cubillas, P., Fender, T. D. & Armitage, P. J. (2021). Geomechanical characterisation of organic-rich calcareous shale using AFM and nanoindentation. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 54: 303-320.
- Atar, Elizabeth, Aplin, Andrew C., Lamoureux-Var, Violaine, März, Christian & Wagner, Thomas (2020). Sedimentation of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin (Yorkshire, UK). Minerals 10(11): 977.
- Böker, U., Dodd, T.A., Goldberg, T. & Aplin, A.C. (2020). Microbial cycling, migration and leakage of light alkanes in the Nile Delta tertiary fan. Marine and Petroleum Geology 121: 104578.
- Rexer, Thomas F., Mathia, Eliza J., Aplin, Andrew C. & Thomas, K. Mark (2020). Supercritical methane adsorption and storage in pores in shales and isolated kerogens. SN Applied Sciences 2(4): 780.
- Oye, Olakunle J., Aplin, Andrew C., Jones, Stuart J., Gluyas, Jon G., Bowen, Leon, Harwood, Joseph, Orland, Ian J. & Valley, John W. (2020). Vertical effective stress and temperature as controls of quartz cementation in sandstones: Evidence from North Sea fulmar and Gulf of Mexico Wilcox sandstones. Marine and Petroleum Geology 115: 104289.
- Atar, Elizabeth, März, Christian, Aplin, Andrew C., Dellwig, Olaf, Herringshaw, Liam G., Lamoureux-Var, Violaine, Leng, Melanie J., Schnetger, Bernhard & Wagner, Thomas (2019). Dynamic climate-driven controls on the deposition of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in the Cleveland Basin, Yorkshire, UK. Climate of the Past 15(4): 1581-1601.
- Atar, Elizabeth, März, Christian, Schnetger, Bernhard, Wagner, Thomas & Aplin, Andrew (2019). Local to global controls on the deposition of organic-rich muds across the Late Jurassic Laurasian Seaway. Journal of the Geological Society 176(6): 1143-1153.
- Obradors‐Prats, J., Rouainia, M., Aplin, A.C. & Crook, A.J.L. (2019). A diagenesis model for geomechanical simulations: formulation and implications for pore pressure and development of geological structures. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 124(5): 4452-4472.
- Mathia, Eliza J., Rexer, Thomas F. T., Thomas, K. Mark, Bowen, Leon & Aplin, Andrew C. (2019). Influence of Clay, Calcareous Microfossils and Organic Matter on the Nature and Diagenetic Evolution of Pore Systems in Mudstones. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 124(1): 149-174.
- Oye, Olakunle J., Aplin, Andrew C., Jones, Stuart J., Gluyas, Jon G., Bowen, Leon, Orland, Ian J. & Valley, John W. (2018). Vertical effective stress as a control on quartz cementation in sandstones. Marine and Petroleum Geology 98: 640-652.
- Brodie, Mark W., Aplin, Andrew C., Hart, Bruce, Orland, Ian J., Valley, John W. & Boyce, Adrian J. (2018). Oxygen Isotope Microanalysis By Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Suggests Continuous 300-million-year History of Calcite Cementation and Dolomitization in the Devonian Bakken Formation. Journal of Sedimentary Research 88(1): 91-104.
- Obradors-Prats, J., Rouainia, M., Aplin, A. C. & Crook, A. J. L. (2017). Hydromechanical modeling of stress, pore pressure and porosity evolution in fold-and-thrust belt systems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 122(11): 9383-9403.
- Day-Stirrat, Ruarri J., Aplin, Andrew C., Kurtev, Kuncho D., Schleicher, Anja M., Brown, Andrew P. & Środoń, Jan (2017). Late diagenesis of illite-smectite in the Podhale Basin, southern Poland: Chemistry, morphology, and preferred orientation. Geosphere 13(6): 2137-2153.
- Goodarzi, M., Rouainia, M., Aplin, A.C., Cubillas, P. & de Block, M. (2017). Predicting the elastic response of organic-rich shale using nanoscale measurements and homogenisation methods. Geophysical Prospecting 65(6): 1597–1614.
- Hattori, G., Trevelyan, J., Augarde, C.E., Coombs, W.M. & Aplin, A.C. (2017). Numerical simulation of fracking in shale rocks: current state and future approaches. Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering 24(2): 281-317.
- Obradors-Prats, J., Rouainia, M., Aplin, A. C. & Crook, A. J. L. (2017). Assessing the implications of tectonic compaction on pore pressure using a coupled geomechanical approach. Marine and Petroleum Geology 79: 31-43.
- Goulty, N.R., Sargent, C., Andras, P. & Aplin, A.C. (2016). Compaction of diagenetically altered mudstones - Part 1: Mechanical and chemical contributions. Marine and Petroleum Geology 77: 703-713.
- Goodarzi, M., Rouainia, M. & Aplin A. C. (2016). Numerical evaluation of mean-field homogenisation methods for predicting shale elastic response. Computational Geosciences 20(5): 1109-1122.
- Obradors-Prats, J., Rouainia, M., Aplin, A.C. & Crook, A.J.L. (2016). Stress and pore pressure histories in complex tectonic settings predicted with coupled geomechanical-fluid flow models. Marine and Petroleum Geology 76: 464-477.
- Mathia, E.J., Bowen, L., Thomas, K.M. & Aplin, A.C. (2016). Evolution of porosity and pore types in organic-rich, calcareous, Lower Toarcian Posidonia Shale. Marine and Petroleum Geology 75: 117-139.
- Newport, Leo P., Aplin, Andrew C., Gluyas, Jon G., Greenwell, H. Christopher & Gröcke, Darren R. (2016). Geochemical and lithological controls on a potential shale reservoir: Carboniferous Holywell Shale, Wales. Marine and Petroleum Geology 71: 198-210.
- Haines, T.J., Neilson, J.E., Healy, D., Michiea, E.A.H. & Aplin, A.C. (2015). The impact of carbonate texture on the quantification of total porosity by image analysis. Computers & Geosciences 85: 112-125.
- Gasparik, M., Rexer, T.F.T., Aplin, A.C., Billemont, P., DeWeireld,G., Gensterblum, Y., Henry, M., Krooss, B.M., Liu, S., Ma, X., Sakurovs, R., Song, Z., Staib, G., Thomas, K.M., Wang, S. & Zhang, T. (2014). First international inter-laboratory comparison of high-pressure CH4, CO2 and C2H6 sorption isotherms on carbonaceous shales. International Journal of Coal Geology 132: 131-146.
- Rexer, T.F.T., Mathia, E.J., Aplin, A.C. & Thomas, K.M. (2014). High-pressure methane adsorption and characterization of pores in Posidonia shales and isolated kerogens. Energy & Fuels 28(5): 2886-2901.
- Harwood, J., Aplin, A.C., Fialips, C.I., Iliffe, J.E., Kozdon, R., Ushikubo, T. & Valley, J.W. (2013). Quartz cementation history of sandstones revealed by high resolution SIMS oxygen isotope analysis. Journal of Sedimentary Research 83(7): 522-530.
- Armitage, P.J., Worden, R.H., Faulkner, D.R., Aplin, A.C., Butcher, A.R. & Espie, A.A. (2013). Mercia Mudstone Formation caprock to carbon capture and storage sites: petrology and petrophysical characteristics. Journal of the Geological Society 170(1): 119-132.
- Rexer, T.F., Benham, M.J., Aplin, A.C. & Thomas, K.M. (2013). Methane adsorption on shale under simulated geological temperature and pressure conditions. Energy & Fuels 27(6): 3099–3109.
- Matthies, R., Aplin, A.C., Horrocks, B.R. & Mudashiru, L.K. (2012). Occurrence and behaviour of dissolved, nano-particulate and micro-particulate iron in waste waters and treatment systems: new insights from electrochemical analysis. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14(4): 1174-1181.
- Day-Stirrat, R.J., Flemings, P.B., Yao, Y., Aplin, A.C. & van der Pluijm, B.A. (2012). The fabric of consolidation in Gulf of Mexico mudstones. Marine Geology 295-298: 77-85.
- Tueckmantel, C., Fisher, Q.J., Grattoni, C.A. & Aplin, A.C. (2012). Single- and two-phase fluid flow properties of cataclastic fault rocks in porous sandstone. Marine and Petroleum Geology 29(1): 129-142.
- Matthies, R., Aplin, A.C., Boyce, A.J. & Jarvis, A.P. (2012). Geochemical and stable isotopic constraints on the generation and passive treatment of acidic, Fe-SO4 rich waters. Science of The Total Environment 420: 238-249.
- Armitage, P.J., Faulkner, D.R., Worden, R.H., Aplin, A.C., Butcher, A.R. & Iliffe, J. (2011). Experimental measurement of, and controls on, permeability and permeability anisotropy of caprocks from the CO2 storage project at the Krechba Field, Algeria. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 116(B12 ): B12208.
- Aplin, A.C. & Macquaker, J.H.S. (2011). Mudstone diversity: origin and implications for source, seal and reservoir properties in petroleum systems. AAPG Bulletin 95(12): 2031-2059.
- Mudashiru, L.K., Aplin, A.C. & Horrocks, B.R. (2011). Voltammetric methods for the speciation of dissolved iron and determination of Fe-containing nanoparticles in mine-water discharge. Analytical Methods 3(4): 927-936.
- Yang, Y.L. & Aplin, A.C. (2010). A permeability – porosity relationship for mudstones. Marine and Petroleum Geology 27(8): 1692-1697.
- Matthies, R., Aplin, A.C. & Jarvis, A.P. (2010). Performance of a passive treatment system for net-acidic coal mine drainage over five years of operation. Science of The Total Environment 408(20): 4877-4885.
- Armitage, P.J., Worden, R.H., Faulkner, D.R., Aplin, A.C., Butcher, A.R. & Iliffe, J. (2010). Diagenetic and sedimentary controls on porosity in lower Carboniferous fine-grained lithologies, Krechba field, Algeria; A petrological study of a caprock to a carbon capture site. Marine and Petroleum Geology 27(7): 1395-1410.
- Day-Stirrat, R.J., Milliken, K.L., Dutton, S.P., Loucks, R.G., Hillier, S., Aplin, A.C. & Schleicher, A.M. (2010). Open-system chemical behavior in deep Wilcox Group mudstones, Texas Gulf Coast, USA. Marine and Petroleum Geology 27(9): 1804-1818.
- Day-Stirrat, R.J., Dutton, S., Milliken, K.L., Loucks, R.G., Aplin, A.C., Hillier, S. & van der Pluijm, B.A. (2010). Fabric anisotropy induced by primary depositional variations in the silt/clay ratio in two fine-grained slope fan complexes; Texas Gulf Coast and Northern North Sea. Sedimentary Geology 226(1-4): 42-53.
- Morrison, M.I. & Aplin, A.C. (2009). Redox geochemistry in organic-rich sediments of a constructed wetland treating colliery spoil leachate. Applied Geochemistry 24(1): 44-51.
- Day-Stirrat, R.J, Aplin, A.C., Srodon, J. & van der Pluijm, B.A. (2008). Diagenetic reorientation of phyllosilicate minerals in Paleogene mudstones of the Podhale Basin, southern Poland. Clays and Clay Minerals 56: 98-109.