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Professor Anthony Bash

Honorary Fellow / Professor (1 Sept 2021 - 31 Aug 2024)


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Honorary Fellow / Professor
(1 Sept 2021 - 31 Aug 2024) in the Department of Theology and Religion
Senior Case Management Officer in the Student Support and Wellbeing Directorate Please contact via Microsoft Teams or email


I studied law at Bristol University and went on to practise law as a solicitor. I later studied theology at Glasgow University. My doctorate in theology is from Cambridge University and was under the supervision of Professor Morna D. Hooker.

My basic specialism is New Testament biblical studies, and Paul in particular. In recent years, I have developed an interest in ethics and in the nature of spirituality. I am interested in reading the New Testament in an interdisciplinary way, both learning from and seeking to contribute to other disciplines.

My doctorate (published in 1997) explored what the writers of the New Testament mean by 'ambassadors' and 'reconciliation', and to help do this I looked at Graeco-Roman literary and epigraphic records.

Later on, I wrote about canon law and about spirituality in the twenty-first century in the context of secular institutions, such as the NHS. I have also attempted to read and interpret the New Testament drawing on models from psychological theory.

In recent years, I have been engaged in research on what is meant by remorse, forgiveness, and reconciliation. This has involved a rigorous exploration of biblical texts in the light of political science, legal theory, anthropolgy, philosophy, studies on the nature of emotions, and psychological theory. I have written about the theology of forgiveness, the spirituality of forgiveness, and forgiveness as a Christian ethic. I have also written an interdisiciplianry book on remorse, showing its importance in the context of repentance, regret, forgiveness, and reconciliaiiton. 

I teach a masters module entitled 'Forgiveness in Pastoral Ministry Today', and undergraduate courses on the New Testament. I have taught a module for the Durham Global Security Institute (DGSi) entitled 'Religion, Culture, and Conflict'. I formerly taught Business Law for Durham Business School.



Authored book

  • Bash, Anthony (2020). Remorse: A Christian Perspective. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books.
  • Bash, Anthony (2015). Forgiveness: A Theology. Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books.
  • Bash, Anthony & Bash, Melanie (2012). Inside the Christmas Story. Reflections for Advent. London: Bloomsbury.
  • Bash, Anthony (2011). Just Forgiveness: Exploring the Bible, Weighing the Issues. London: SPCK.
  • Bash, Anthony (2007). Forgiveness and Christian Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Bash, Anthony (1997). Ambassadors for Christ: An Exploration of Ambassadorial Communication in the New Testament. Tubingen, Germany: Mohr-Siebeck.

Chapter in book

  • Bash, Anthony (2019). Forgiveness and Christianity. In Forgiveness in Practice. Hance, Stephen. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 24-36.
  • Bash, Anthony & Bash, Melanie (2004). Early Christian Thinking. In Forgiveness in Context: Theology and Psychology in Creative Dialogue. Watts, F. N. & Gulliford, L. Edinburgh: London: T & T Clark.
  • Bash, Anthony (2004). A Psychodynamic Approach to II Corinthians. In Psychology and the Bible. Ellens, J. H. & Rollins, W. G. Westport, Connecticut and London: Praeger. 3: 149-63.

Edited book

  • Bash, Anthony (2012). Thomas Hatfield: Bishop, Soldier, and Politician. Durham Publications in Medieval and Renaissance Studies. Toronto, Canada: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies and Institute of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Durham University.

Journal Article

  • Bash, Anthony (2016). Difficult Texts: Luke 23.34 and Acts 7.60: Forgiving the Unrepentant? Theology 119(4): 276-278.
  • Bash, Anthony (2014). Forgiveness, Reconciliation and Spirituality: A Theological Perspective. Journal for the Study of Spirituality 4(1): 58-72.
  • Bash, Anthony (2013). Did Jesus Discover Forgiveness? Journal of Religious Ethics 41(3): 382-399.
  • Bash, Anthony (2011). Forgiveness: A Re-appraisal. Studies in Christian Ethics 24(2): 133-146.
  • Bash, Anthony (2005). The New Testament: Mosaic Law and Ecclesiastical Law. Ecclesiastical Law Journal 8: 60-6.
  • Bash, Anthony (2005). Humpty Dumpty in the Emperor's New Clothes? Journal of Clinical Nursing 14: 60-6.
  • Bash, Anthony (2004). Spirituality: The Emperor's New Clothes? Journal of Clinical Nursing 13: 11-16.
  • Bash, Anthony (2004). Temptation, Today's Lawyers and the Ten Commandments. Ecclesiastical Law Journal 7: 328-33.
  • Bash, Anthony (2001). A Psychodynamic Approach to the Interpretation of 2 Corinthians 10-13. Journal for the Study of the New Testament (83): 51-67.
  • Bash, Anthony (1999). Deacons and Diaconal Ministry. Theology (102): 36-41.
  • Bash, Anthony (1998). Ecclesiastical Law and the Law of God in Scripture. Ecclesiastical Law Journal 5: 7-13.

Newspaper/Magazine Article

  • Bash, Anthony (2020). The Freedom Imperative. Church Times (8206): 19.

Supervision students