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Dr Bartolomeo Panto'

Assistant Professor

Assistant Professor in Structural Engineering

AffiliationRoom numberTelephone
Assistant Professor in the Department of Engineering234+44 (0)191 334 4950


Bartolomeo Pantò is an Assistant Professor in Structural Engineering in the Department of Engineering. He graduated in 2003 from the University of Catania (Italy), where he completed his Ph.D. in Structural Engineering in 2007. His research in that period led to the development of a new simplified method, the Discrete Macro-Element Method (DMEM), to analyse unreinforced and confined masonry structures. After his Ph.D., Bartolomeo worked for seven years as a Structural Engineer for the University of Catania within a selected team devoted to reducing the seismic risk of the Ateneo's buildings. In 2015, he was a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Institute for Sustainability and Innovation in Structural Engineering (ISISE), University of Minho (Portugal), and in 2016, he was a Research Fellow at the Department of Engineering of RomaTre University (Rome). From 2019 to 2021, Bartolomeo led the RAMBEA project (funded by the European Commission within the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions) at Imperial College London to develop novel computational strategies for accurate and efficient simulations of historical masonry arch bridges subject to extreme environmental actions. 

Bartolomeo has joined the Sustainable Infrastructure research group at Durham University in 2021. His area of interest comprises assessing and retrofitting existing structures, including historical and monumental masonry constructions and reinforced concrete infill frames, subjected to extreme environmental actions, such as earthquakes and floods. 


Bartolomeo's research activity aims to develop and apply nonlinear models to assess the resilience structures, including historical and monumental constructions, against extreme actions such as earthquakes and floods. He developed many numerical models based on the discrete-element approach, which are currently employed for academic research and engineering applications to assess and retrofit unreinforced and confined masonry structures. Moreover, he developed new nonlinear beam Finite Elements based on smart shape functions for nonlinear analysis of reinforced concrete frame structures; advanced models for traditional and innovative infill frames subjected to lateral loads; models for the nonlinear response of beam-to-column nonductile joints. Recently, his research activities focused on (i) developing new sustainable fiber-reinforced retrofitting systems for seismic prevention of cultural heritage assets; (ii) assessing masonry arch bridges subjected to traffic loads, earthquakes and flood events.


Bartolomeo currently leads the module Structural Design 4 and teaches Earthquake Engineering within the module Structures 4. Both modules are delivered to undergraduate (MEng) and Civil Engineering MSc students.

Research groups

Research interests

  • Resilience of structures and infrastructures under extreme loads
  • Fiber-reinforced composite systems (FRP - FRCM)
  • Conservation of cultural heritage assets
  • Seismic assessment of existing structures
  • Nonlinear finite elements
  • Discrete models


Conference Paper

  • Chacara, C., Lourenco, P. B., Panto, B., Cannizzaro, F. & Calio, I. (2016), Parametric numerical studies on the dynamic response of unreinforced masonry structures, in VanBalen, K & Verstrynge, E eds, STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF HISTORICAL CONSTRUCTIONS: ANAMNESIS, DIAGNOSIS, THERAPY, CONTROLS KU Leuven, Raymond Lemaire Ctr Conservat; Arte Constructo; Trimble; CARMEUSE; Lhoist; Verstraete Vanhecke; MRT Grp Monument; ABInBev; KU Leuven, Civil Engn Dept. 239-245.
  • Caddemi, S., Calio, I, Cannizzaro, F., Marletta, M. & Panto, B. (2010), Seismic Vulnerability of the Concordia Temple, in Gu, XL & Song, XB eds, Advanced Materials Research 133-134: 7TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF HISTORIC CONSTRUCTIONS: STRENGTHENING AND RETROFITTING, PTS 1 AND 2 Shanghai Res Inst Building Sci; Natl Key Technol R \& D Program China; Natl 211 Plan China; Natl Nat Sci Fdn China; Tongji Univ, Col. 759-764.
  • Calio, I., Cannizzaro, F., D'Amore, E., Marlette, M. & Panto, B. (2008), A new discrete-element approach for the assessment of the seismic resistance of composite reinforced concrete-masonry buildings, in Santini, A & Moraci, N eds, AIP Conference Proceedings 1020: 2008 SEISMIC ENGINEERING CONFERENCE COMMEMORATING THE 1908 MESSINA AND REGGIO CALABRIA EARTHQUAKE, PTS 1 AND 2 Municipal Reggio Calabria; Reg Council Reggio Calabria; Reg Province Reggio Calabria; Mediterranean Univ, Reggio Calabria; Fac Engn Reggio Calab. 832+.

Journal Article

  • Castellazzi, G., Panto, B., Occhipinti, G., Talledo, D. A., Berto, L. & Camata, G. (Published). A comparative study on a complex URM building: part II-issues on modelling and seismic analysis through continuum and discrete-macroelement models. BULLETIN OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
  • Cannizzaro, Francesco, Castellazzi, Giovanni, Grillanda, Nicola, Panto, Bartolomeo & Petracca, Massimo (Published). Modelling the nonlinear static response of a 2-storey URM benchmark case study: comparison among different modelling strategies using two- and three-dimensional elements. BULLETIN OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
  • Panto, B., Macorini, L. & Izzuddin, B. A. (2022). A two-level macroscale continuum description with embedded discontinuities for nonlinear analysis of brick/block masonry. COMPUTATIONAL MECHANICS 69(3): 865-890.
  • Onat, Onur & Panto, Bartolomeo (2021). Parametric nonlinear static analysis of a RC structure with TLCW exposed to bidirectional earthquake load by using different modelling methodologies. JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING 44: 103395.
  • Benfratello, Salvatore, Caddemi, Salvatore, Palizzolo, Luigi, Panto, Bartolomeo, Rapicavoli, Davide & Vazzano, Santo (2021). Targeted steel frames by means of innovative moment resisting connections. JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTIONAL STEEL RESEARCH 183: 106695.
  • Panto, Bartolomeo, Caddemi, Salvatore, Calio, Ivo & Spacone, Enrico (2021). A 2D beam-column joint macro-element for the nonlinear analysis of RC frames. EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING \& STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS 50(3): 935-954.
  • Parisse, F., Cattari, S., Marques, R., Lourenco, P. B., Magenes, G., Beyer, K., Calderoni, B., Camata, G., Cordasco, E. A., Erberik, M. A., Icel, C., Karakaya, M., Malomo, D., Manzini, C. F., Marano, C., Messali, F., Occhipinti, G., Panto, B., Saygili, O. & Sousamli, M. (2021). Benchmarking the seismic assessment of unreinforced masonry buildings from a blind prediction test. STRUCTURES 31: 982-1005.
  • Panto, Bartolomeo, Malena, Marialaura & de Felice, Gianmarco (2021). A macro-modelling approach for arches strengthened with externally bonded inorganic matrix composites. STRUCTURES 33: 4299-4312.
  • Panto, Bartolomeo, Casapulla, Claudia & Calio, Ivo (2021). Discrete rotating links model for the non-linear torsion-shear behaviour of masonry joints. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS-ENGINEERING AND COMPUTATIONAL MECHANICS 174(4): 215-235.
  • Asikoglu, Abide, Vasconcelos, Graca, Lourenco, Paulo B. & Panto, Bartolomeo (2020). Pushover analysis of unreinforced irregular masonry buildings: Lessons from different modeling approaches. ENGINEERING STRUCTURES 218: 110830.
  • Maio, Rui, Ferreira, Tiago M., Estevao, Joao M. C., Panto, Bartolomeo, Calio, Ivo & Vicente, Romeu (2020). Seismic performance-based assessment of urban cultural heritage assets through different macroelement approaches. JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING 29: 101083.
  • Greco, A., Lombardo, G., Panto, B. & Fama, A. (2020). Seismic Vulnerability of Historical Masonry Aggregate Buildings in Oriental Sicily. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE 14(4): 517-540.
  • Panto, Bartolomeo & Rossi, Pier Paolo (2019). A new macromodel for the assessment of the seismic response of infilled RC frames. EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING \& STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS 48(7): 792-817.
  • Meriggi, Pietro, de Felice, Gianmarco, De Santis, Stefano, Gobbin, Francesca, Mordanova, Anna & Panto, Bartolomeo (2019). Distinct Element Modelling of Masonry Walls under Out-Of-Plane Seismic Loading. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE 13(7, SI): 1110-1123.
  • Panto, Bartolomeo, Rapicavoli, Davide, Caddemi, Salvatore & Calio, Ivo (2019). A Fibre Smart Displacement Based (FSDB) beam element for the nonlinear analysis of reinforced concrete members. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NON-LINEAR MECHANICS 117: 103222.
  • Kareem, Kamaran Mohammed & Panto, Bartolomeo (2019). Simplified macro-modelling strategies for the seismic assessment of non-ductile infilled frames: a critical appraisal. JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING 22: 397-414.
  • Chacara, Cesar, Cannizzaro, Francesco, Panto, Bartolomeo, Calio, Ivo & Lourenco, Paulo B. (2019). Seismic vulnerability of URM structures based on a Discrete Macro-Element Modeling (DMEM) approach. ENGINEERING STRUCTURES 201: 109715.
  • Panto, B., Silva, L., Vasconcelos, G. & Lourenco, P. B. (2019). Macro-modelling approach for assessment of out-of-plane behavior of brick masonry infill walls. ENGINEERING STRUCTURES 181: 529-549.
  • Chacara, Cesar, Cannizzaro, Francesco, Panto, Bartolomeo, Calio, Ivo & Lourenco, Paulo B. (2018). Assessment of the dynamic response of unreinforced masonry structures using a macroelement modeling approach. EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING \& STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS 47(12): 2426-2446.
  • Cannizzaro, F., Panto, B., Caddemi, S. & Calio, I (2018). A Discrete Macro-Element Method (DMEM) for the nonlinear structural assessment of masonry arches. ENGINEERING STRUCTURES 168: 243-256.
  • Panto, B., Calio, I. & Lourenco, P. B. (2018). A 3D discrete macro-element for modelling the out-of-plane behaviour of infilled frame structures. ENGINEERING STRUCTURES 175: 371-385.
  • Cannizzaro, Francesco, Panto, Bartolomeo, Lepidi, Marco, Caddemi, Salvatore & Calio, Ivo (2017). Multi-Directional Seismic Assessment of Historical Masonry Buildings by Means of Macro-Element Modelling: Application to a Building Damaged during the L'Aquila Earthquake (Italy). BUILDINGS 7(4): 106.
  • Panto, Bartolomeo, Cannizzaro, Francesco, Caddemi, Salvatore, Calio, Ivo, Chacara, Cesar & Lourenco, Paulo B. (2017). Nonlinear Modelling of Curved Masonry Structures after Seismic Retrofit through FRP Reinforcing. BUILDINGS 7(3): 79.
  • Panto, B., Cannizzaro, F., Calio, I. & Lourenco, P. B. (2017). Numerical and Experimental Validation of a 3D Macro-Model for the In-Plane and Out-Of-Plane Behavior of Unreinforced Masonry Walls. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE 11(7): 946-964.
  • Panto, B., Rapicavoli, D., Caddemi, S. & Calio, I. (2017). A smart displacement based (SDB) beam element with distributed plasticity. APPLIED MATHEMATICAL MODELLING 44: 336-356.
  • Panto, Bartolomeo, Calio, Ivo & Lourenco, Paulo B. (2017). Seismic safety evaluation of reinforced concrete masonry infilled frames using macro modelling approach. BULLETIN OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING 15(9): 3871-3895.
  • Panto, Bartolomeo, Giresini, Linda, Sassu, Mauro & Calio, Ivo (2017). Non-linear modeling of masonry churches through a discrete macro-element approach. EARTHQUAKES AND STRUCTURES 12(2): 223-236.
  • Panto, B., Cannizzaro, F., Caddemi, S. & Calio, I. (2016). 3D macro-element modelling approach for seismic assessment of historical masonry churches. ADVANCES IN ENGINEERING SOFTWARE 97: 40-59.
  • Calio, Ivo & Panto, Bartolomeo (2014). A macro-element modelling approach of Infilled Frame Structures. COMPUTERS \& STRUCTURES 143: 91-107.
  • Calio, Ivo, Marletta, Massimo & Panto, Bartolomeo (2012). A new discrete element model for the evaluation of the seismic behaviour of unreinforced masonry buildings. ENGINEERING STRUCTURES 40: 327-338.