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Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology+44 (0) 191 33 43235
Research Associate in the Institute for Medical Humanities 
Associate Fellow in the Institute of Advanced Study 
Fellow of the Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing 



I am an Associate Professor and member of the Developmental Science research group at Durham. I'm also a fellow of the Institute for Medical Humanities and the Wolfson Institute for Health and Wellbeing.

From 2012 to 2022 I was a member of Hearing the Voice, an interdisciplinary project that explored the topic of voice-hearing (or auditory verbal hallucinations). Joining originally as a postdoctoral researcher, I was one of six co-applicants for Hearing the Voice's second Wellcome award in 2015, and in 2020 I became Associate Director of the project (working alongside PI Charles Fernyhough and Co-Director Angela Woods). The project is internationally recognised for its interdisciplinary approach and contribution to psychosis research, which produced over 200 outputs. In 2019 we launched Understanding Voices, the world's largest web resource for supporting people with distressing voices. 

I am the co-founder and co-chair of the Early Career Hallucinations Research (ECHR) group, a network of over 250 ECRs in 24 countries conducting research on hallucinations and related topics. 

Prior to working at Durham I completed my PhD in Psychology at the University of Edinburgh, and worked as a Research Co-ordinator for Lime Trees Child & Adolescent Mental Health team in the NHS in York.


My research is broadly focused on mental health and neurodiversity. This includes work on psychosis and autism primarily, but has also involved research on inner speech, mental imagery, executive functioning, categorisation, and perception. My most recent research has concerned "felt presence": the sensation that someone is present without any sensory cues. Such experiences occur in psychosis, Parkinson's, epilepy, bereavement, survival situations, and around the boundaries of sleep. 

Reviewing & Editing

Ad-Hoc Reviewing: Autism Research, Biological Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Science, Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Consciousness & Cognition, Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Human Brain Mapping, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Journal of Psychiatric Research, Lancet Psychiatry, Neuroimage: Clinical, Neuroscience of Consciousness, Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, Psychological Medicine, Psychology & Psychotherapy, Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Research in Developmental Disabilites, Review of Philosophy & Psychology, Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, Schizophrenia Bulletin, Translational Psychiatry

Editing: Guest Editor, Review of Philosophy & Psychology, "Voices and Thoughts in Psychosis" Special Issue.

Research interests

  • Felt presence
  • Inner speech and mental imagery
  • Language and executive function
  • Psychosis and voice-hearing
  • Autism and neurodiversity

Esteem Indicators

  • 2016: International Consortium on Hallucinations Research, North American Satellite Meeting, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL.: Invited speaker. Talk: “Searching for Speech and Language in Voice-Hearers Without Diagnoses”. 27th September 2016
  • 2016: Royal College of Psychiatrists, Spirituality and Psychiatry Special Interest Group Conference “Hallucinations and Spiritual Experience: Voices, Visions and Revelation”: Invited speaker. Talk: “Voices and the Etheric: A Research Study of Spiritualist Experience”. 25th November 2016
  • 2016: Wellcome Trust Small Arts Award Committee: Scientific Advisor
  • 2015: International Consortium on Hallucinations Research, Hearing Voices and Hallucinations: Research, Practice and Recovery, St Vincent’s Hospital, Melbourne VA.: Invited speaker. Talk: “Inner Speech”. 21st October 2015.


Journal Article

Supervision students