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Professor Emeritus Charlotte Roberts

Professor Emeritus

BA (Hons), MA, PhD, SRN


Affiliations
AffiliationRoom numberTelephone
Professor Emeritus in the Department of Archaeology  
Fellow of Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing 41154

Biography

BIOGRAPHY

I am now an Emeritus Professor, having retired at the end of October 2020, but I am of course still actively linked to Durham University!

BACKGROUND

I am a bioarchaeologist, and have a background in archaeology, environmental archaeology and human bioarchaeology. I have studied and interpreted human remains from archaeological sites for nearly 40 years. I am specifically interested in exploring the interaction of people with their environments in the past through patterns of health and disease (palaeopathology), and especially those health problems that are common today. My key research interests lie in:

- contextual approaches to past human health (palaeopathology);

- ethics and human remains;

- contemporary health;

- evolutionary approaches to the origin and history of infectious diseases;

- big data projects in palaeopathology;

I am also very passionate about engaging audiences with my research beyond academia.

I try to utilize multiple lines of evidence for reconstructing past health, including exploring the application of medical anthropological and evolutionary biological approaches to bioarchaeology. Furthermore, I have a strong active interest in past concepts of disease causation and therapeutic measures.

I have always promoted the need for the contextualisation of biological data for health problems experienced by our ancestors through many of my publications and in my teaching - see my publications below (e.g. see books: Roberts and Cox 2003; Roberts and Buikstra 2003; Roberts and Manchester 2005; Roberts 2018; Steckel, Larsen, Roberts and Baten eds. 2018; Roberts 2020).

MY CAREER

A State Registered Nurse initially (1975-8), I completed a BA in Archaeological Studies (Leicester - 1979-1982), a MA Environmental Archaeology and Palaeoeconomy (Sheffield - 1983), and a PhD (bioarchaeology/ palaeopathology/ medical history - Bradford 1988).

I was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2014, gained an Excellence in Teaching Award in 1999, and an Excellence in Doctoral Supervision Award in 2009

My nursing background, particularly, has guided me into taking an holistic approach to past ill health in bioarchaeology, something that was also considered essential in a hospital environment. Understanding why and how people and communities today experience health problems is essential to be able to understand ill health in the past. This includes a consideration of the impact of age, sex, gender, ethnicity, religion, and social, economic and political status on disease occurrence.

Appointed Lecturer (US equivalent of Assistant Professor) in 1989 and Senior Lecturer in 1994 (US equivalent of Associate Professor) at Bradford University, I moved to Durham University in 2000 to become a Reader, finally being promoted to Professor of Archaeology in 2004 (US equivalent of Full Professor).

In terms of teaching, I have successfully initiated and taught on two one year masters courses (Bradford: MSc Osteology, Palaeopathology and Funerary Archaeology 1990-1999, and Durham: MSc Palaeopathology 2000-date).

MY OTHER LIFE:

I have always aimed to have a work-life balance (!). In the last 3 years of my working life I was employed part-time, and now have recently retired. I therefore have even more time to do the things I do in my "non-work" life"! I love the outdoors. I am very sport active, my main sports being running, including orienteering and two day mountain marathon events (off road), hiking (Pennine Way, Cleveland Way, South Downs Way, West Highland Way, John Muir Trail), downhill and cross-country skiing (in season in North America and Europe), and road cycling (Lands End to John O’Groats June 2012) – I also do yoga! My current favourite runs where I live are in Wensleydale (Cover Bridge to Coverham Abbey along the river, and back via Middleham Castle) and in Swaledale (from Muker to Keld along the river and back over the tops). However, in the past, I have been a very active participant in caving, partaking in several foreign expeditions, and horse riding (competing). I have also experienced kayaking, coasteering, surfing, triathlons, water skiing, wind surfing (Greece on a course), parachuting (twice), canyoning in France and hang gliding (a course). I completed the Everest Marathon in Nepal in 1999 (starting at 17,000 feet ASL), and the Bob Graham Round in 1996 (66 miles, 27,000 feet of ascent, and 42 mountain tops in 24 hours - in the Lake District); these are both achievements that are dear to my heart in places I love.

I was Treasurer of the Archaeology Society in at Leicester University in the 1980s, and President of the Calder Valley Fell Runners for two years in the 1990s. I am currently a member of the Fell Runners Association. I am also a member of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, We Are Cycling UK, and I garden, flower arrange (awarded a diploma in 2017), am an active member of the Women’s Institute of East Witton (President, and responsible for PR and the annual event programme), ring the local church bells, sing in the Dales Community Pop Choir (awarded the Richard Whiteley prize in 2020 at the Yorkshire Awards) and, until recently, the Northwest Federation of the Women’s Institute Choir, completed a beekeeping course in 2019, and have a qualification in dry stone walling. Life is not a dress rehearsal.

I have a great healthy interest in all things natural history, and I have travelled widely (Europe, USA, Canada, China, Mongolia, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Europe, Iceland, India, Jordan, Nepal, New Zealand, Middle East, Russia). I also enjoy good food and wine with dear friends, cinema, theatre, have wide music tastes (which includes seeing live bands), like reading non-fiction when I have the time (usually on holiday!), and support Manchester United Football Club.

MY ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES

The sections below record activity within the last 3 years

MEMBERSHIP OF RESEARCH GROUPS AND CENTRES

Bioarchaeology (based in the Department of Archaeology) - https://www.dur.ac.uk/archaeology/research/research_environment/research_groups/bioarchaeology/

Centre for the History of Medicine and Disease (based in the Department of Philosophy) - http://www.dur.ac.uk/chmd/

Centre for Life and Death Studies (based in the Department if Theology) - http://www.dur.ac.uk/cdals/

Centre for the Ethics of Cultural Heritage (University wide Research Centre) - http://www.dur.ac.uk/cech/staff/

Wolfson Research Institute (Durham University) - http://www.dur.ac.uk/wolfson.institute/

Northern Centre for the History of Medicine (Durham/Newcastle Universities) - http://www.nchm.ac.uk/

OUTREACH (selected public lectures/media)

I enjoy talking about my research to beneficiaries beyond academia, and have taught classes for the public since the 1980s, along with giving many public lectures and taking part in TV and radio programmes. Here are the last three years of talks to the public/exhibitions/engagement etc:

2020: Michigan State University (Anthropology: Gabriel Wrobel): talk to small anthropology class

2020: Berlin, Germany (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Institut für Klassische Philologie): Public engagement event: Berliner Antike in virtual space – People and Object (contribution on What can our ancestors' skeletons tell us about infectious diseases? Contributions from the past to understand the present)

2020 Bainbridge Women's Institute: The Scottish Soldiers Project

2019: Palace Museum, Beijing, China: Bioarchaeology: past, present and future prospects AND Air quality and health in the past: Contributions from bioarchaeology to a growing global problem

2019: School of Archaeology, Jilin University, Changchun, China: Bioarchaeology: past, present and future prospects

2019: Coquetdale Community Archaeology : From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead

2019: Leyburn University of the Third Age: workshop on human remains

2019 Preston under Scar Women's Group: From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead (talk and practical)

2019 Swaledale and Arkengarthdale Archaeology Group: From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead (talk and practical)

2019 Settle Women’s Institute: From nursing to the archaeology: my life as a nurse and as a bioarchaeologist (talk and practical) 

2019 Explore Lifelong Learning, Newcastle University: Archaeological human remains: why they are important (talk and practical)

2019 Snape Local History Group: The 17th century Scottish Soldiers Project at Durham University: revealing their lives and deaths

2019: Science Museum: part of a film on leprosy for the permanent Medical Galleries (medical isolation)

2018: Part of the MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) on the Scottish Soldiers Project: specifically the bioarchaeology and on the ethics sections

2018: Lead on the Skeleton Science part of the Bodies of Evidence: How science unearthed Durham's dark secret Palace Green Library Exhibition (June-October), and related public events

2018: Talk at the Northwest Federation of Women's Institute's Autumn Council Meeting, Coniston Cold, North Yorkshire

2018: Kirkby Fleetham Women’s Institute: From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead

2018: Masham Local History Group: From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead

2018: East Witton Women’s Institute: From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead

2018: Wensleydale Flower Club: From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead

2018: North Cowton Women’s Institute: From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead

2018: Middleton St George History Group: From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead

2018: (Wensleydale) Ladies over 45 (LAFF): From nursing to the archaeology of disease: a life caring for the living and the dead

PAST RESEARCH STUDENTS

The following lists supervision of past research students, funding source and nationality of students (B= at my previous institution, the University of Bradford):

Samantha Tipper 2020 (A Bioarchaeological Analysis of Spinal Pathology across Ancient Nubia between 300 BC and 1500 AD) 

Kayla Crowder 2019 (Early-life stress in Transylvania: the use of macroscopic and isotopic analyses to examine how early life stress affected survival during periods of political transition).

Anna Barrett-Davies 2018 (The impact of sociocultural and environmental change on air quality and respiratory health in the 4th Cataract, Sudan: a bioarchaeological perspective).

Claire Hodson (Stressed at Birth: Investigating Fetal, Perinatal and Infant Growth and Health Disruption)

Elina Petersone-Gordina 2018 (Living outside the city gates: a palaeopathological, demographic, isotopic and comparative analysis of the post-medieval St Gertrude Church cemetery population in Riga, Latvia).

Kendra Quinn (A Bioarchaeological Study of the Impact of Mobility on the Transmission of Tuberculosis in Roman Britain).

Marieke Gernay (Health in late medieval urban north-west Europe: a bioarchaeological study of Caen, Canterbury and Ghent Belgium, France and England).

Zahra Afshar 2015 (Mobility and economic transition in the 5th to the 2nd millennium B.C. in the population of the Central Iranian Plateau, Tepe Hissar).

Michaela Binder 2014 (Health and Diet in Upper Nubia through Climate and Political Change - A bioarchaeological investigation of health and living conditions at ancient Amara West between 1300 and 800BC).

Devon Lee Kase Tancock 2014 Congenital Defects in 18th and 19th Century Populations from Rural and Urban Northeast England.

Ashley Tallyn 2014 A study of the health of monks' and nuns' health using multiple lines of evidence.

Sharman J 2013: Age, sex and the life course: population variability in human ageing and implications for bioarchaeology.

Marta Diaz-Zorita Bonilla 2013 The copper age in South West Spain: a bioarchaeological approach to prehistoric social organization.

Kimberley Plomp 2013: Quantifying palaeopathology: developing objective geometric morphometric methods for recording pathological conditions in human skeletal remains.

Kirsty McCarrison 2012: Osteological and biomolecular study of prehistoric tuberculosis in Britain

Ryan Franklin 2011 (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa; external supervision); The Recognition, Frequency, and Taxonomic Association of Skeletal Pathology from Selected Plio-Pleistocene-aged Sites from the Cradle of Humankind, Witwatersrand, South Africa

Heather Jarrell 2011: (Ohio State University; external supervision) Association Between Skeletal Fractures and Locomotor Behavior, Habitat Use, and Body Mass in Nonhuman Primates

Karen Bernofsky 2010: Respiratory health in the past. A bioarchaeological study of chronic maxillary sinusitis and rib periostitis from the Iron Age to the Post Medieval period in southern England.

Paola Ponce 2010: A comparative study of activity-related skeletal changes in 3rd-2nd millennium BC coastal fishers and 1st millennium AD inland agriculturists in Chile, South America.

Charlotte Henderson 2009: Musculo-skeletal stress markers in bioarchaeology: Indications of activity levels or human variation?

Rosa Spencer 2008: Testing hypotheses about diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) using stable isotope and aDNA analysis of late medieval populations.

Francisca Alves Cardoso 2008: A portrait of gender in two late 19th/early 20th century Portuguese populations: a palaeopathological perspective.

Alvaro Arce 2008 Health in Southern and Eastern England: a perspective on the Early Medieval period.

McNaught J 2007 A clinical and archaeological study of Schmorl’s Nodes: using clinical data to understand the past.

Groves SE 2006 Spears or ploughshares: multiple indicators of activity related stress and social status in four early Medieval populations from north-east England.

Caffell AC 2005 Dental caries in Medieval Britain (c. 450-1540): temporal, geographic and contextual patterns.

Jakob T 2004 Prevalence and patterns of disease in early Medieval populations: a comparison of skeletal samples from 5th-8th century AD Britain and Germany.

Bernard M-C 2003 Tuberculosis: a demographic analysis and social study of admissions to a children’s sanatorium (1936-1954) in Stannington, Northumberland.

Montgomery J 2002 Lead and strontium isotope compositions of human dental tissues as an indicator of ancient exposure and population dynamics.

Sture J 2002 Biocultural perspectives on birth defects in late Medieval rural and urban populations in Northern England.

Santos AL 2000 (University of Coimbra, external supervision) A skeletal picture of tuberculosis. Macroscopic, radiological, biomolecular and historical evidence from the Coimbra Identified Collection.

Keeping D 2000 Life and death in English nunneries: a biocultural study of variations in the health of women during the later Medieval period, 1066-1540.

Freeth C 1999 Dental health in biocultural perspective UK. (B)

Lewis M 1999 The impact of urbanization: an assessment of morbidity and mortality in British non-adult populations. (B)

Margerison B 1997 A comparison of the palaeodemography of catastrophic and attritional cemeteries. UK. (B)

Dalby G 1994 Middle ear disease in antiquity. UK. (B)

RECENT CONFERENCES

2019

BABAO Annual Conference, Natural History Museum, London: co-authored poster: Destructive sampling of human tissues: guidelines got best practice in collections-based research

National Undergraduate Conference for Clinical Anatomy, Barts and King’s College, London Anatomy Societies, London: Palaeopathology and its relevance to clinical anatomy (invited paper)

Bones, bodies and disease: conference and launch event for the Calvin Wells Archive, University of Bradford: Calvin Wells and his bioarchaeological legacy: the good, the bad and the ugly (invited paper)

Annual Meeting of the Paleopathology Association Cleveland, Ohio: co-organizer of workshop on treponemal disease; paper for Jane Buikstra symposium (invited); paper on DNA analysis

Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists Cleveland, Ohio: Invited discussant at poster symposium on the Bioarchaeology of Urbanization; Paper in special session on treponemal disease; poster on tuberculosis in China

2018

Association of Social Anthropologists: Sociality, matter, and the imagination: re-creating Anthropology, Oxford. Panel discussion representing BABAO
BABAO Annual Conference, Cranfield University. Co-authored paper:The Global History of Health Project – The Backbone of Europe

Dead images. Facing the history, ethics and politics of European skull collections, Edinburgh College of Art, University of Edinburgh. Invited conversation with the artist Tal Adler

Seminar on The Evolution of Syphilis: A New Approach to an Old Debate, School of Advanced Research in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Paper: Roberts CA 2018: Treponemal disease in the Old World (Europe): a critical review of the skeletal evidence. Invited participant

Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Austin, Texas: 1. Poster in Session on A Community of Care: Expanding Bioarchaeology of Care to Population Level Analyses: Conceptual approaches to the bioarchaeology of “community” care using knowledge from personal experiences of care giving; invited; 2. Co-authored poster: A child with probable skeletal tuberculosis from a cemetery in Turaida, Lativia (15th-16th centuries AD); 3. Co-authored poster: Untangling the relationship between paleopathology and funerary behaviours in the Italian Neolithic: new data from Arene dell’Aquila (Finale, Ligure, Liguria region, northwestern Italy); 4. Co-authored poster: Call the doctor!: Identifying limitations in using clinical data to interpret health in human skeletal remains from a post-medieval English cemetery

Annual Meeting of the Paleopathology Association, Austin, Texas: Co-authored papers: 1. Educating the older generation through palaeopathology; 2. Compromised childhood health and incremental dentine analysis of St Gertrude Church cemetery population (15th-17th centuries AD) from Riga, Latvia. Co-authored posters: 1. The health impact of civilization on society: disease patterns of citizens during the Late Zhou Dynasty in China (877 BC - 771 BC; 2. The impact of mobility on the transmission of tuberculosis in Roman Britain: a bioarchaeological study

Health, disease, and lifestyle. Global history of Health Asia Organizational Conference), Jilin University, Jilin, Changchun, China. Paper: “Big picture” approaches in palaeopathology: Britain, the Global History of Health (European module), and their impact on health and well-being today. Invited speaker

2017

International (and interdisciplinary) Symposium on the subject of Disease and the Ancient World, Oxford; The archaeology of disease: how studying human remains informs us about health and well-being. Invited keynote speaker

Annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropology, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA; Stressed in Transylvania: utilizing macroscopic skeletal analysis to track metabolic stress between late Antiquity and Middle Ages in Romania

Annual meeting of thePaleopathology Association, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA: Investigating the impact of air quality on the occurrence of Respiratory Disease in the Middle Nile Valley Comparing Kerma and Medieval sites

BABAO Annual Conference, Liverpool: Ethics and archaeological human remains: let’s take a step back

RESEARCH STUDENTS

I continue to supervise the following research students; unless otherwise stated I act as primary supervisor:

Susan Aylard (Does Parasitic Infection Correlate With Stress During Childhood? Exploring the Impact of Poor Living Environments on the Development of Skeletal Indicators of “Stress” and Parasitic Infection in the Bioarchaeological Record)

Kori Filipek-Ogden (Illness, Isolation, and Isotopes: Assessing leprosy stigma in late Medieval England (12th-16th centuries AD) and its impact on health and contemporary society)

Simon Hughes (Human Remains in a Museum Contexts: Storage and Study).

Mocen Li (Diachronic changes in health and the transition to agriculture in China).

Aryel Pacheco (Tuberculosis in Andean communities from the Tarapacá area (North of Chile) between 900 BC to 1450 AD. Chile; Chilean government funded

Julie Peacock (Disability and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Britain: AD 1066-AD 1800). U.K. AHRC funded

Research interests

  • contextual approaches to past human health (palaeopathology)
  • ethics and human remains
  • contemporary health
  • evolutionary approaches to the origin and history of infectious diseases
  • big data projects in palaeopathology

Research groups

  • Bioarchaeology
  • Landscapes of Complex Society

Research Projects

  • Amara West: Health and Diet in ancient Nubia through climate and political change
  • Bamburgh Bowl-Hole Anglian Cemetery: a contextual study
  • Biomolecular archaeology of ancient tuberculosis in Britain and Europe
  • Global History of Health Project (European Module)
  • Leprosy past and present: everything you needed to know, but were afraid to ask
  • Palaeopopulation genomics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Synergies between evolutionary medicine and palaeopathology
  • The ‘Invisible Dead’ and the Development of Early Human Beliefs about the Body
  • The history of syphilis: developing more nuanced approaches to understanding its impact on the past
  • Understanding cardiovascular disease in the archaeological record

Awarded Grants

  • 2015: Collaborative Doctoral Award: The impact of sociocultural and environmental change on air quality and respiratory health in the 4th Cataract Sudan: a bioarchaeological perspective(£3500.00 from The British Museum)
  • 2014: 2 year Junior Research Fellowship, Cofund Round 4, European Commission; for Vitale Sparacello
  • 2013: Palaeopopulation genomics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis(£44515.07 from NERC - Natural Environment Research Council)
  • 2013: Renewal of Wadsworth Fellowship, Wenner Gren Foundation, £5845 (for Elina Petersone-Gordina)
  • 2011: Durham International Fellowships for Research and Enterprise - DIFeREns(£83406.97 from European Commission)

Esteem Indicators

  • 2019: AAPA Repatriation Committee : Invited to serve as a member of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists’ AAPA Repatriation Committee 2019-2022
  • 2019: Accessing Aidan: Invited to sit in Steering Committee for Heritage Lottery Funded Project on public engagement
  • 2019: Jilin University: Invited to be an International Strategic Advisor for Jilin University, Changchun, China
  • 2018: REF2021 (Research Excellence Framework). Elected subpanel member of C15 :
  • 2017: Eve Cockburn Service Award, Paleopathology Association:
  • 2017: Invited to be a member of the Pomerance Science Medal Committee (AIA) :
  • 2017: Invited to membership of the Scientific Advisory Board, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria:
  • 2014: Elected a Fellow of the British Academy:
  • 2014: REF2014 (Research Excellence Framework). Subpanel member of C17 - elected member for Archaeology:
  • 2012: Deputy Editor of the International Journal of Paleopathology:
  • 2010: Associate Editor of International Journal of Palaeopathology and Member of the Advisory Board:
  • 2010: First entry to Who's Who:
  • 2010: President of the Paleopathology Association 2011-2013: Elected President for 2011-2013
  • 2010: Working party member for BABAO Ethics and Practice Policies:
  • 2007: Invited by the Natural History Museum to be a member of the Human Remains Data Collection Workshop :
  • 2006: Invited to be a member of the Grants Review Panel for 2 years for the Wenner Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, New York:
  • 2003: Elected Vice President of the Paleopathology Association :
  • 2002: Invited member of the BABAO Working Group on recording standards :
  • 2001: Director at Large, Paleopathology Association, 2001-3:

Media Contacts

Available for media contact about:

  • Environment and culture: The study of human remains from archaeological sites, and particularly the evidence for disease
  • Infectious diseases: Disease in Britain from 10,500 BC to the mid 19th century AD
  • Medical and health research topics: Disease in Britain from 10,500 BC to the mid 19th century AD
  • Environment and culture: Disease in Britain from 10,500 BC to the mid 19th century AD
  • European Prehistory: Disease in Britain from 10,500 BC to the mid 19th century AD
  • Medieval history: Disease in Britain from 10,500 BC to the mid 19th century AD
  • Middle Ages & Early Modern History: Disease in Britain from 10,500 BC to the mid 19th century AD
  • People: Evolution and Biology: Disease in Britain from 10,500 BC to the mid 19th century AD
  • Infectious diseases: Infectious disease: leprosy in past populations
  • Medical and health research topics: Infectious disease: leprosy in past populations
  • Environment and culture: Infectious disease: leprosy in past populations
  • Medieval history: Infectious disease: leprosy in past populations
  • Middle Ages & Early Modern History: Infectious disease: leprosy in past populations
  • People: Evolution and Biology: Infectious disease: leprosy in past populations
  • Infectious diseases: Infectious disease: tuberculosis in past populations
  • Medical and health research topics: Infectious disease: tuberculosis in past populations
  • Environment and culture: Infectious disease: tuberculosis in past populations
  • European Prehistory: Infectious disease: tuberculosis in past populations
  • Genetics: Infectious disease: tuberculosis in past populations
  • Medieval history: Infectious disease: tuberculosis in past populations
  • Middle Ages & Early Modern History: Infectious disease: tuberculosis in past populations
  • People: Evolution and Biology: Infectious disease: tuberculosis in past populations
  • Infectious diseases: Infectious disease: treponemal disease (syphilis) in past populations
  • Medical and health research topics: Infectious disease: treponemal disease (syphilis) in past populations
  • Environment and culture: Infectious disease: treponemal disease (syphilis) in past populations
  • Medieval history: Infectious disease: treponemal disease (syphilis) in past populations
  • Middle Ages & Early Modern History: Infectious disease: treponemal disease (syphilis) in past populations
  • Pollution: Air quality and health in past populations
  • Medical and health research topics: Air quality and health in past populations
  • Environment and culture: Air quality and health in past populations
  • European Prehistory: Air quality and health in past populations
  • Medieval history: Air quality and health in past populations
  • Middle Ages & Early Modern History: Air quality and health in past populations
  • Infectious diseases: Ancient DNA analysis and its contribution to understanding infectious disease in the past
  • Medical and health research topics: Ancient DNA analysis and its contribution to understanding infectious disease in the past
  • Environment and culture: Ancient DNA analysis and its contribution to understanding infectious disease in the past
  • European Prehistory: Ancient DNA analysis and its contribution to understanding infectious disease in the past
  • Genetics: Ancient DNA analysis and its contribution to understanding infectious disease in the past
  • Medieval history: Ancient DNA analysis and its contribution to understanding infectious disease in the past
  • Middle Ages & Early Modern History: Ancient DNA analysis and its contribution to understanding infectious disease in the past
  • People: Evolution and Biology: Ancient DNA analysis and its contribution to understanding infectious disease in the past
  • Ethics: Ethical issues and the study of human remains from archaeological sites
  • Medical and health research topics: Ethical issues and the study of human remains from archaeological sites
  • Environment and culture: Ethical issues and the study of human remains from archaeological sites
  • European Prehistory: Ethical issues and the study of human remains from archaeological sites
  • Genetics: Ethical issues and the study of human remains from archaeological sites
  • Medieval history: Ethical issues and the study of human remains from archaeological sites
  • Middle Ages & Early Modern History: Ethical issues and the study of human remains from archaeological sites
  • People: Evolution and Biology: Ethical issues and the study of human remains from archaeological sites
  • Medical and health research topics: Medical and surgical treatment in the past: trepanation as seen in human remains (skull surgery)
  • Environment and culture: Medical and surgical treatment in the past: trepanation as seen in human remains (skull surgery)
  • European Prehistory: Medical and surgical treatment in the past: trepanation as seen in human remains (skull surgery)
  • Medieval history: Medical and surgical treatment in the past: trepanation as seen in human remains (skull surgery)
  • Middle Ages & Early Modern History: Medical and surgical treatment in the past: trepanation as seen in human remains (skull surgery)
  • Medical and health research topics: Reconstructing activity/occupation in the past using skeletal remans
  • Environment and culture: Reconstructing activity/occupation in the past using skeletal remans
  • European Prehistory: Reconstructing activity/occupation in the past using skeletal remans
  • Medieval history: Reconstructing activity/occupation in the past using skeletal remans
  • Middle Ages & Early Modern History: Reconstructing activity/occupation in the past using skeletal remans
  • Individual sports and leisure: Reconstructing activity/occupation in the past using skeletal remans

Publications

Authored book

Book review

Chapter in book

Conference Proceeding

Edited book

Edited Journal

Journal Article

Newspaper/Magazine Article

  • Roberts, C.A., Wrobel, G.D. & Westaway, M. (2020). What the archaeological record reveals about epidemics throughout history – and the human response to them.
  • Roberts, C.A. (2019). Life-long learning using archaeology in care homes. British Archaeology July/August: 8-9.
  • Roberts, C.A. (2019). Teaching archaeology in care homes, I learned how older people are often the best students.
  • Hind, K. & Roberts, C.A. (2018). We have weaker bones than our hunter-gatherer ancestors – this is what you can do about it'.
  • Roberts, CA (2013). Human remains: should we study them? Young Archaeologist 156: 8-9.

Other (Print)

  • Abrams, D. Centre for Homelessness Impact, Hand, DJ., Heath, A., Karlsen, S., Mills, M., Nazroo, J., Richards, L. & Roberts, CA. (2020). What factors make a community more vulnerable to COVID-19? A summary of a British Academy workshop.
  • Roberts, C.A. (2018). Guidance on recording palaeopathology (abnormal variation) - long version.
  • McCarrison, K & Roberts CA (2016). Skeleton Science. Archaeology for the older generation.
  • McCarrison, K & Roberts, CA (2014). Skeleton Science. Teacher’s Resource Pack.
  • Roberts, CA, Alves Cardoso, F, Bernofsky, K, Henderson, C, Jakob T, Plomp, K, Ponce, P, Sharman, J & Spencer, R (2012). Palaeopathology: studying the origin, evolution and frequency of disease in human remains from archaeological sites.

Supervision students