|Professor of Healthcare Law in the Durham Law School||PCL122||+44 (0) 191 33 42829|
|Professor of Healthcare Law in Durham CELLS (Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences)|
|Fellow of the Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing|
Professor Cave publishes widely in the field of Health Law and teaches Law and Medicine. She currently chairs the General Medical Council's Good Medical Practice Advisory Forum and was appointed as a core member to the House of Commons Health and Social Care Committee Expert Panel in 2022 and the Assurance Group of The Cass Review in 2021. She served as a member of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority 2018-2021 where she was Deputy Chair of the Statutory Approvals Committee. She co-convened the Medical Ethics Expert Group of the Infected Blood Inquiry from 2019-2022.
Her principal areas of research include compulsion, capacity and consent and she has published recently on public health, NHS redress and medical research. Her 2004 monograph, The Mother of All Crimes was reissued in 2018 and the seventh edition of her co-authored book (with Professor Margaret Brazier and Professor Rob Heywood), Medicine, Patients and the Law will be published in 2023.
Professor Cave has worked on a number of multi-disciplinary research projects. One developed professional training for research ethics committees, another attempted to delimit the research concept. One analysed the role of empirical methods in bioethics, another looked at adoelscent consent to and refusal of medical treatment.
Her latest projects include a British Academy project on the adequacy of ethical advice in the COVID-19 pandemic and an ESRC IAA project on the implications of the Supreme Court judgment Montgomery v Lanarkshire Health Board  on informed consent. She was awarded a Scottish Parliament Academic Fellowship in 2018 to produce a Scottish Parliament Information Centre Briefing on information disclsoure.
She served on the University Ethics Advisory Committee 2017-2020, the University Research Committee from 2016-2018, and as Deputy Dean (Research) to the Law School from 2014-2018.
Professor Cave would be delighted to hear from potential students interested in researching legal and ethical issues relating to compulsion, consent, medical research and issues pertaining to the foetus.
Her most recent PhD students research/ed capacity and anorexia nervosa (ESRC funded) and informed consent to abortion (AHRC funded). Please read the information here and contact her to arrange for advice on your draft proposal.
- Medical Law
- Medical Ethics
- Healthcare research
- Clinical Negligence
- Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences
- Human Rights Centre
- 2020: Ethical advice and ethics committeess in the pandemic(£0.00 from The British Academy)
- 2018: IAA- Scottish Parliament Academic Fellowship: Informed consent(£1386.00 from ESRC Centre for Social and Economic Research on Innovation in Genomics (INNOGEN))
- 2022: Appointed core member of the Health and Social Care Committee's Expert Panel:
The Government and Ministers set out their commitments and scrutiny work is carried out by parliamentary select committees to hold them to account. The Health and Social Care Committee has established and commissioned an Expert Panel to support this work. I was appointed a core member in 2022.
- 2021: Appointed Chair of the General Medical Council's Good Medical Practice Adivsory Forum:
- 2021: Appointed member of the Cass Review Assurance Group:
- 2020: Co-Convenor of Medical Ethics Group report to the Infected Blood Inquiry:
- 2018: Appointed member of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority:
- 2017: Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Authority:
- 2013: Fellow of the Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing:
- 2013: Member of the Society of Legal Scholars:
- Brazier, Margaret, Cave, Emma & Heywood, Rob (2023). Medicine, Patients and the Law. MUP.
- Brazier, Margaret & Cave, Emma (2016). Medicine, Patients and the Law. Manchester University Press.
- Brazier, Margaret & Cave, Emma (2011). Medicine, Patients and the Law. Penguin.
- Brazier, Margaret & Cave, Emma (2007). Medicine, Patients and the Law. Penguin; Lexis Nexis Butterworths.
- Cave, Emma (2004). REISSUED 2018: The Mother of All Crimes: Human rights, criminalisation and the child born alive. Routledge.
- Cave, Emma (2018). Children, Autonomy and the Courts: Beyond the Right to be Heard by Aoife Daly (review). Human Rights Quarterly 40(4): 1041-1045.
Chapter in book
- Cave, Emma (2023). Report of the Committee of Inquiry into Human Fertilisation and Embryology (1984). In Leading Works in Health Law and Ethics. Fovargue, Sara & Purshouse, Craig Routledge.
- Cave, Emma (2022). A Future Orientated View of Autonomy. In Consenting Children: Autonomy, Well-being, Responsibility. Forsberg L, Black I, Skelton A & Herring J Oxford University Press.
- Berg, Jessica & Cave, Emma (2021). Patient autonomy, capacity and consent (children). In Oxford Handbook on Comparative Health Law. Hervey, Tamara & Orentlicher, David Oxford University Press.
- Cave, Emma & Doughty, Julie (2017). F v F  IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE FAMILY DIVISION. In Rewriting Children's Rights Judgments: From Academic Vision to New Practice. Stalford, Helen, Hollingsworth, Kathryn & Gilmore, Stephen Oxford: Hart.
- Cave, Emma & Stanton, Catherine (2016). Maternal responsibility to the child not yet born. In Pioneering Healthcare Law: Essays in Honour of Margaret Brazier. Stanton C, Devaney S, Farrell A-M & Mullock A Routledge. 280-292.
- Cave, Emma (2013). Adolescent Consent to Medical Treatment. In Oxford Bibliographies in Childhood Studies. (New York: Oxford University Press). Montgomery, Heather Oxford (USA).
- Cave, Emma & Cave, Hannah (2023). Skeleton Keys to Hospital Doors: Adolescent Adults who Refuse Life-Sustaining Medical Treatment. Modern Law Review
- Cave, Emma & McMahon, Aisling (2022). Should states restrict recipient choice amongst relevant and available COVID-19 vaccines? Medical Law Review
- Brierley J, Archard D & Cave E (2022). Involving parents in paediatric clinical ethics committee deliberations: a current controversy. Journal of Medical Ethics
- Fuller, Sarah J., Chapman, Simon, Cave, Emma, Druce-Perkins, James, Daniels, Poppy & Tan, Jacinta (2022). Nasogastric tube feeding under physical restraint on paediatric wards: ethical, legal and practical considerations regarding this lifesaving intervention. BJPsych Bulletin 1.
- Dittborn, Mariana, Cave, Emma & Archard, David (2022). Clinical ethics support services during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK: a cross-sectional survey. Journal of Medical Ethics 48(10): 695-701.
- Brierley, Joe, Cave, Emma & Archard, David (2022). Ethical advice in paediatric care. Archives of Disease in Childhood 107: e18.
- Archard, David, Brierley, Joe & Cave, Emma (2021). Compulsory Childhood Vaccination: Human Rights, Solidarity and Best Interests. Medical Law Review 29(4): 716-727.
- Brierley, Joe, Archard, Dave & Cave, Emma (2021). Challenging misconceptions about clinical ethics support during COVID-19 and beyond: Role, remit and representation. Journal of Medical Ethics 47(8): 549-552.
- Cave, Emma (2021). Confirmation of the High Court’s Power to Override a Child’s Treatment Decision: A NHS Trust v X (In the matter of X (A Child) (No 2)  EWHC 65 (Fam). Medical Law Review 29(3): 537-546.
- Cave, Emma (2021). Valid consent to medical treatment. Journal of Medical Ethics 47(12): e31.
- Devaney, Sarah, Miola, Jose, Cave, Emma, Purshouse, Craig & Heywood, Rob (2020). Healthcare professional standards in pandemic conditions: The duty to obtain consent to treatment. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17(4): 789-792.
- Cave, Emma & Milo, Caterina (2020). Informing Patients: The Bolam Legacy. Medical Law International 20(2): 103-130.
- Tomkins, Christine, Purshouse, Craig, Heywood, Rob, Miola, Jose, Cave, Emma & Devaney, Sarah (2020). Head to Head: Should doctors tackling covid-19 be immune from negligence liability claims? British Medical Journal 2020(370): m2487.
- Cave, Emma (2020). COVID-19 super-spreaders: definitional quandaries and implications. Asian Bioethics Review 12(2): 235–242.
- Cave, Emma, Archard, David & Brierley, Joe (2020). Making decisions for children: Accommodating parental choice in best interests determinations. Barts Health NHS Trust v Raqeeb  EWHC 2530 (Fam); Raqeeb and Barts Health NHS Trust  EWHC 2531 (Admin). Medical Law Review 28(1): 183-196.
- Cave Emma (2020). Selecting Treatment Options and Choosing Between them: Delineating Patient and Professional Autonomy in Shared Decision-Making. Health Care Analysis 28: 4-24.
- Cave, Emma & Purshouse, Craig (2020). Think of the Children: Liability for Non-disclosure of Information Post-Montgomery. Medical Law Review 28(2): 270-292.
- Cave, Emma & Reinach, Nina (2019). Patient rights to participate in treatment decisions: Choice, consultation and knowledge. Journal of Medical Law and Ethics 7(2): 157-176.
- Devaney, S., Purshouse, C., Cave, E., Heywood, R., Miola, J. & Reinach, N. (2019). The Far-Reaching Implications of Montgomery for Risk Disclosure in Practice. Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management 24(1): 25-29.
- Cave, Emma (2018). EU Clinical Trials Regulation 2014: Fetter or facilitator? Medical Law International 18(2-3): 179-194.
- Cave, Emma & Nottingham, Emma (2018). Who Knows Best (Interests)? The Case of Charlie Gard. Medical Law Review 26(3): 500-513.
- Cave, Emma & Tan, Jacinta (2017). Severe and Enduring Anorexia Nervosa in the England and Wales Court of Protection. International Journal of Mental Health and Capacity Law 23(17): 4-24.
- Cave, Emma (2017). The Ill-Informed: Consent to Medical Treatment and the Therapeutic Exception. Common Law World Review 46(2): 140-168.
- Cave, Emma (2017). Protecting Patients from their Bad Decisions: Rebalancing Rights, Relationships, and Risk. Medical Law Review 25(4): 527-553.
- Cave, Emma (2017). Voluntary Vaccination: The Pandemic Effect. Legal Studies 37(2): 279-304.
- Cave, Emma (2015). Disclosure of Confidential Information to Protect the Patient: The Role of Legal Capacity in the Evolution of Professional Guidance. Journal of Medical Law and Ethics 2015(1-2): 7-23.
- Cave, Emma (2015). Determining capacity to make medical treatment decisions problems implementing the mental capacity act 2005. Statute Law Review 36(1): 86-106.
- Cave, Emma (2014). Adolescent refusal of MMR inoculation: F (Mother) v F (Father). Modern Law Review 77(4): 630-640.
- Cave, Emma (2014). Goodbye Gillick? Identifying and resolving Problems with the Concept of Child Competence. Legal Studies 34(1): 103-122.
- Cave, Emma (2013). Competence and authority: adolescent treatment refusals for physical and mental health conditions. Contemporary Social Science 8(2): 92-103.
- Cave, Emma & Wallbank, Julie (2012). Minors' Capacity to Refuse Treatment: A Reply to Gilmore and Herring. Medical Law Review 20(3): 423-449.
- Cave, Emma (2011). Maximisation of Minors' Capacity. Child and Family Law Quarterly 23(4): 431-449.
- Cave, Emma (2011). Redress in the NHS. Journal of Professional Negligence 27(3): 138-157.
- Cave, Emma (2010). Seen but not heard? Children in Clinical Trials. Medical Law Review 18(1): 1-27.
- Cave, Emma (2009). Adolescent Consent and Confidentiality in the UK. European Journal of Health Law 16(4): 309-331.
- Brazier, Margaret & Cave, Emma (2008). Why We Wrote. Medicine, Patients and the Law. Clinical Ethics 3(4): 205-208.
- Cave, Emma & Nichols, Chris (2007). Reforming the Ethical Review System: Balancing the Rights and Interests of Research Participants with the Duty to Facilitate Good Research. Clinical Ethics 2(2): 74-79.
- Cave, Emma & Nichols, Christopher (2007). Clinical Audit and Reform of the UK Research Ethics Review System. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28(3): 181-203.
- Cave, Emma (2007). Drink and Drugs in Pregnancy: Can the Law Prevent Avoidable Harm to the Future Child? Medical Law International 8(2): 165-187.
- Cave, Emma & Holm, Søren (2003). Milgram and Tuskegee — Paradigm Research Projects in Bioethics. Health Care Analysis 11(1): 27-40.
- Cave, Emma & Holm, Soren (2002). New Governance Arrangements for Research Ethics Committees: Is Facilitating Research Achieved at the Cost of Participants' Interest. Journal of Medical Ethics 28(5): 318-321.
- Cave (née Pickworth), E. (2000). Should Local Research Ethics Committees Monitor Research they have Approved? Journal of Medical Ethics 26(5): 330-333.
- Strobl, Judith, Cave, Emma & Walley, Tom (2000). Data protection legislation: interpretation and barriers to research. British Medical Journal 321: 890-892.
Other (Digital/Visual Media)
- Cave, Emma (2022). Australian Centre for Health Law Research (ACHLR) 10th Annual Public Oration on Adolescent Consent.
- Cave, Emma (2021). Challenging government healthcare guidance (and the lack thereof) in the pandemic at https://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/ethics-committees-in-pandemic/Blogs/.
- Cave, Emma (2021). How Courts View Clinical Ethics Committees https://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/ethics-committees-in-pandemic/Blogs/.
- Cave, Emma (2021). What can Clinical Ethics Committees learn from Research Ethics Committees? at https://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/ethics-committees-in-pandemic/Blogs/.
- Brierley, Joe, Archard, David & Cave, Emma (2021). Clinical ethics support: Addressing legal uncertainties. Journal of Medical Ethics Blog.
- Cave, Emma (2020). Why do we need to distinguish ‘valid’ and ‘informed’ consent to medical treatment? JME Blog.
- Cave, Emma & Gaw, Allan (2017). NIHR Podcast: Clinical Research and Brexit. Podcast.
- Cave, Emma (2017). Brexit and the regulation of clinical trials. BMJ Opinion.
- Cave, Emma (2015). Briefing Paper. Young People with Mental Disorder: Towards a law fit for purpose.
- Cave, Emma (2013). Young People who Refuse Life Sustaining Treatment: A Briefing Paper on Current Law and the Need for Reform.
- Cave, Emma, Farsides, Bobbie, Kazarian, Melinee, Kerridge, Ian & Savulescu, Julian (2020). Expert Report to the Infected Blood Inquiry: Medical Ethics. Infected Blood Inquiry.
- Cave, E (2019). Informed Consent in Healthcare Settings. Scottish Parliament.