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Associate Professor of Department of GeographyS201+44 (0) 191 33 41932
Associate Professor of Sea Level, Ice and ClimateS201+44 (0) 191 33 41932


I am an Associate Professor in the Geography Department. My research is focused upon reconstructing Holocene and recent sea-level changes using microfossil-based reconstruction methods, in order to answer questions of ice sheet history, crustal response to surface loading and predictions of future sea-level change in vulnerable coastal areas. I’m currently involved in research looking at sea-level changes over the last millennia in Greenland and what they can tell us about the changing mass-balance history of the Greenland Ice Sheet over the recent past and over longer timescales. I am also working on sea-level records from key locations far from the centres of former glaciation which provide information on the long-term melting histories of the large ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica. My particular area of expertise is the development and application of sediment and microfossil-based methodologies (including transfer functions) in reconstructing sea-level change. These are designed to enhance accuracy and precision and to allow development of sea-level records from historically poorly studied locations such as low and high latitudes.

Research Projects

  • Constraining Greenland Ice Sheet Mass Balance Using Salt Marsh Sediment Sequences
  • Reconstructing Ice Sheet History Using Relative Sea-Level (RSL) Observations and Modelling

Awarded Grants

  • 2011: Dating mid-holocene sea level changes in the Seychelles(£4190.00 from )
  • 2009: SEA-LEVEL CHANGES OVER THE PAST 10,000 YEARS(£3781.00 from British Council Manchester)
  • 2007: XVII INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR QUATERNARY(£900.00 from The Royal Society)


Chapter in book

  • Woodroffe, S.A. & Long, A.J. (2012). Late Quaternary Sea-level Changes in Greenland. In Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, 2nd edition. Editor in Chief Elias & S.A. Elsevier. Accepted.
  • Woodroffe, S.A. & Barlow, N.L.M. (2015). Reference water level and tidal datum. In Handbook of sea level research. Shennan, I., Long, A.J. & Horton, B.P. Wiley. in press.

Journal Article

  • Long, A.J., Woodroffe, S.A., Roberts, D.H. & Dawson, S. (2011). Isolation basins, sea-level changes and the Holocene history of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews 30(27-28): 3748-3768.
  • Sefton, J.P. & Woodroffe, S.A. (2021). Assessing the use of mangrove pollen as a quantitative sea‐level indicator on Mahé, Seychelles. Journal of Quaternary Science 36(2): 311-323.
  • Woodroffe, S.A. & Horton, B.P. (2005). Holocene sea-level changes in the Indo-Pacific. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 25(1): 29-43.
  • Horton, B. P., Larcombe, P., Woodroffe, S. A., Whittaker, J. E., Wright, M. R. & Wynn, C. (2003). Contemporary foraminiferal distributions of the Great Barrier Reef coastline, Australia: implications for sea-level reconstructions. Marine Geology 198: 225-243.
  • Woodroffe, S.A. & Long, A.J. (2009). Salt marshes as archives of recent relative sea-level change in West Greenland. Quaternary Science Reviews 28(17-18): 1750-1761.
  • Medeiros, Andrew S., Milošević, Đurađ, Francis, Donna R., Maddison, Eleanor, Woodroffe, Sarah, Long, Antony, Walker, Ian R., Hamerlík, Ladislav, Quinlan, Roberto, Langdon, Peter, Brodersen, Klaus P. & Axford, Yarrow (2021). Arctic chironomids of the northwest North Atlantic reflect environmental and biogeographic gradients. Journal of Biogeography 48(3): 511-525.
  • Søndergaard, A.S. Larsen, N.K. Olsen, J. Strunk, A. & Woodroffe, S.A. (2019). Glacial history of the Greenland Ice Sheet and a local ice cap in Qaanaaq, northwest Greenland. Journal of Quaternary Science 34(7): 536-547.
  • Brain, M.J., Long, A.J, Woodroffe, S.A., Petley, D.N., Milledge, D.G. & Parnell, A.C. (2012). Modelling the effects of sediment compaction on salt marsh reconstructions of recent sea-level rise. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 345-348: 180-193.
  • Garrett, E., Shennan, I., Woodroffe, S.A., Cisternas, M., Hocking, E.P. & Gulliver, P. (2015). Reconstructing paleoseismic deformation, 2: 1000 years of great earthquakes at Chucalén, south central Chile. Quaternary Science Reviews 113: 112-122.
  • Woodroffe, S.A., Horton, B.P., Larcombe.P.E. & Whittaker, J.E. (2005). Intertidal mangrove foraminifera from the central Great Barrier Reef shelf, Australia: Implications for sea-level reconstruction. Journal of Foraminiferal Research 35(3): 259-270.
  • Swindles, Graeme T., Galloway, Jennifer M., Macumber, Andrew L., Croudace, Ian, Emery, Andy R., Woulds, Clare, Bateman, Mark D., Parry, Lauren, Jones, Julie M., Selby, Katherine, Rushby, Greg T., Baird, Andy J., Woodroffe, Sarah A. & Barlow, Natasha L.M. (2018). Sedimentary records of coastal storm surges: Evidence of the 1953 North Sea event. Marine Geology 403: 262-270.
  • Lecavalier, B.S., Milne, G.A., Simpson, M.J.R., Wake, L., Huybrechts, P., Tarasov, L., Kjeldsen, K.K., Funder, S.V., Long, A.J., Woodroffe, S.A., Dyke, A.S. & Larsen, N.K. (2014). A model of Greenland ice sheet deglaciation constrained by observations of relative sea level and ice extent. Quaternary Science Reviews 102: 54-84.
  • Woodroffe, S.A. (2009). Testing models of mid to late Holocene sea-level change, North Queensland, Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews 28(23-24): 2474-2488.
  • Woodroffe, S. A., Long, A. J., Milne, G. A., Bryant, C. L. & Thomas, A. (2015). New constraints on late Holocene eustatic sea-level changes from Mahé, Seychelles. Quaternary Science Reviews 115: 1-16.
  • Johnson, J.A., Perry, C.T., Smithers, S.G., Morgan, K.M. & Woodroffe, S.A. (2019). Reef shallowing is a critical control on benthic foraminiferal assemblage composition on nearshore turbid coral reefs. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 533: 109240.
  • Larocca, Laura J., Axford, Yarrow, Woodroffe, Sarah A., Lasher, G. Everett & Gawin, Barbara (2020). Holocene glacier and ice cap fluctuations in southwest Greenland inferred from two lake records. Quaternary Science Reviews 246: 106529.
  • Woodroffe, S. A., Long, A.J., Punwong, P., Selby, K., Bryant, C. L. & Marchant, R. (2015). Radiocarbon dating of mangrove sediments to constrain Holocene relative sea-level change on Zanzibar in the Southwest Indian Ocean. The Holocene 25(5): 820-831.
  • Barlow, N.L.M., McClymont, E.L., Whitehouse, P.L., Stokes, C.R., Jamieson, S.S.R., Woodroffe, S.A., Bentley, M.J., Callard, S.L., Ó Cofaigh, C., Evans, D.J.A., Horrocks, J.R., Lloyd, J.M., Long, A.J., Margold, M., Roberts, D.H. & Sanchez-Montes, M.L. (2018). Lack of evidence for a substantial sea-level fluctuation within the Last Interglacial. Nature Geoscience 11: 627-634.
  • Garrett, E., Shennan, I., Watcham, E.P. & Woodroffe, S.A. (2013). Reconstructing paleoseismic deformation, 1: modern analogues from the 1960 and 2010 Chilean great earthquakes. Quaternary Science Reviews 75: 11-21.
  • Woodroffe, S.A., Long, A.J., Lecavalier, B. S., Milne, G.A. & Bryant, C.L. (2014). Using relative sea-level data to constrain the deglacial and Holocene history of southern Greenland. Quaternary Science Reviews 92: 345-356.
  • Woodroffe, S.A. & Long, A.J. (2010). Reconstructing recent relative sea-level changes in West Greenland: local diatom-based transfer functions are superior to regional models. Quaternary International 222(1-2): 91-103.
  • Barlow, N.L.M., Shennan, I., Long, A.J., Gehrels, W.R., Saher, M.H, Woodroffe, S.A. & Hillier, C. (2013). Salt marshes as late Holocene tide gauges. Global and Planetary Change 106: 90-110.
  • Long, A.J., Woodroffe, S.A., Dawson, S., Roberts, D.H. & Bryant, L.M. (2009). Late Holocene relative sea level rise and the Neoglacial history of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Jounal of Quaternary Science 24(4): 345-359.
  • Wake, L.M., Milne, G.A., Long, A.J., Woodroffe, S.A., Simpson, M.J.R. & Huybrechts, P. (2012). Century-scale relative sea-level changes in West Greenland — A plausibility study to assess contributions from the cryosphere and the ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 315-316: 86-93.
  • Lin, Y., Hibbert, F., Whitehouse, P., Woodroffe, S., Purcell, A., Shennan, I. & Bradley, S. (2021). A reconciled solution of Meltwater Pulse 1A sources using sea-level fingerprinting. Nature Communications 12: 2015.
  • Long, A.J., Woodroffe, S.A., Milne, G.A., Bryant, C.L. & Wake, L.M. (2010). Relative sea level change in west Greenland during the last millennium. Quaternary Science Reviews 29(3-4): 367-383.
  • Woodroffe, S.A. (2009). Recognising subtidal foraminiferal assemblages: implications for quantitative sea-level reconstructions using a foraminifera-based transfer function. Journal of Quaternary Science 24(3): 215-223.
  • Horton, B. P., Whittaker, J. E., Thomson, K. H., Hardbattle, M. I. J., Kemp, A., Woodroffe, S. A. & Wright, M. R. (2005). The development of a modern foraminiferal data set for sea-level reconstructions, Wakatobi Marine National Park, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Foraminiferal Research 35(1): 1-14.

Supervision students