Dr Tom Widger
|Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology||D323|
|Member of the Durham Cultural Evolution Research Centre|
|Fellow of the Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing|
I obtained my PhD in anthropology from the London School of Economics in 2009, and have since held research fellowships at Brunel, Sussex, and Durham, I am currently a Visiting Fellow at Brunel and the University of Colombo in Sri Lanka.
My work has engaged with social, health, and environmental challenges in South Asia. Through three major projects, I am exploring suicide, charity, and pesticides respectively. Funded by the ESRC, Wenner-Gren Foundation, WHO, and others, my work on suicide develops a practice theory of self-harm and opens new perspectives linking self-harm to questions of learning, agency, and power. Exploring how children and adults acquire suicidal ideas, I have argued that self-harm emerges from a confluence of material, social, emotional, and cognitive events (‘ontological subjectivities’) that make self-inflicted death possible (an ‘epistemological objectivity’). I understand suicide as a means through which 'the idea of death can be put into other people’s minds,' exposing forms and troubles of relationality. In future work I plan to follow the implications of this for the wider understanding of suicide and conduct a major cross-cultural study that explores the technologies, moralities, and ethics of chosen death across the globe.
This interest in the technologies of suicide, which in South Asia involves the consumption of pesticides, has led to my current project. Funded by the Wellcome Trust, I am conducting a multi-sited, value-chain study of agrochemicals from Europe to South Asia, and the ways that people make sense of pesticides’ status as objects of health and environmental danger and benefit. Situating pesticides within wider landscapes of the public (mis)trust of science, conspiracy theory, global-local regulation, relationships between human and non-human things, and allopathic and Ayurvedic toxicologies, I am developing a ‘pesticide’s eye view’ of agrochemicals' toxic fate. The ultimate aim is to ‘reimagine’ the terms of debates that pesticides generate, as they are contested by the agrochemical industry, environmental NGOs, and government regulators.
In dialogue with my work on pesticides is an interest in corporate social responsibility and philanthrocapitalism in South Asia, and the ways in which private businesses and foundations engage in health and social development and environmental protection activities. Funded by ESRC and DfID, I have explored the role of private enterprise in war/post-war transitions in Sri Lanka and Myanmar, coining the phrase ‘philanthronationalism’ to explain the partnerships that have emerged between private philanthropy and nationalist movements in those countries.
From this work I have also developed a strong interest in humanitarianism of the poor. Thus I am exploring the simple observation that the poor give differently to the rich, and as such our current theories of charity and humanitarianism fail to adequately capture the experiences of those at the bottom of the social pyramid. I am currently preparing a monograph on poverty, charity, and 'the empathetic life' in Sri Lanka. Arguing that if for the wealthy the poor exist as a distal fantasy and 'bare life,' 'the poor' for the poor exist as a proximate reality and 'reciprocated life.'
Finally, my work on suicide and charity has also led to an interest in gerontological care, and the processes of biopolitical and thanatopolitical morality that accompany ageing populations in Europe and Asia. Exploring this via current writing projects, I am interested in how ageing people and ageing bodies approaching death attract particular kinds of interventions and the ethical questions that surround them.
- Suicide, self-harm, ethnopsychiatry
- Anthropology & chemistry
- Cognition, cultural transmission, social learning
- Charity, philanthropy, CSR, development
- Religion, nationalism, politics
- Pesticides, agrochemicals, and their human and environmental impacts
- Chemical body burden, biomonitoring, medical and eco toxicology
- Purity/danger; pollution/risk
- Global health
- Sri Lanka & South Asia
- Anthropology of Health
- Contextualising Conflict
- Social Anthropology
- 2016: Making Philanthropy Developmentally Effective(£10873.00 from ESRC)
- 2014: Wellcome Trust Investigator Award
- Widger, Tom (2018). Suicide in Sri Lanka: The Anthropology of an Epidemic [paperback edition]. Routledge.
- Widger, Tom (2014). Suicide in Sri Lanka: The anthropology of an epidemic. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
- Widger, Tom (2016). History of a suicide: My sister’s unfinished life. Centre for Medical Humanities
- Widger, Tom (2015). In Pursuit of the Good Life: Aspiration and Suicide in Globalising South India. Centre for Medical Humanities
- Widger, Tom (2015). ‘Suicidology as a Social Practice’ A Reply. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 4(3): 1-4.
- Widger, Tom (2015). Pesticides and Global Health: Understanding Agrochemical Dependence and Investing in Sustainable Solutions. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 29(2).
- Widger, Tom (2014). In my mother’s house: civil war in Sri Lanka. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 20(4): 164-165.
- Widger, Tom (2011). Dance and the nation: performance, ritual, and politics in Sri Lanka. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 17(2).
Chapter in book
- Widger, Tom & Wickramasinghe, Upul (2020). Monsoon uncertainties, Hydro-chemical Infrastructures, and Ecological Time in Sri Lanka. In The Time of Anthropology: Studies of Contemporary Chronopolitics. Kirtsoglou, Elisabeth & Simpson, Bob Routledge. 52: 122-141.
- Osella, Filippo, Stirrat, R.L. & Widger, Tom (2015). Charity, philanthropy and development in Colombo, Sri Lanka. In New Philanthropy and Social Justice: Debating the conceptual and policy discourse. Morvaridi, B. Bristol, UK Chicago, IL: Policy Press. 137-156.
- Widger, Tom (2015). Learning suicide and the limits of agency: children's 'suicide play' in Sri Lanka. In Suicide and Agency: Anthropological Perspectives on Self-Destruction, Personhood and Power. Broz, L. & Münster, D. Farnham: Ashgate. 165-182.
- Russell, Andrew & Widger, Tom (2018). Ambivalent Objects in Global Health. Journal of Material Culture, 23 (4).
- Staples, James & Widger, Tom (2012). Ethnographies of suicide: anthropological approaches to understanding self-harm and self-inflicted death. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 36 (2).
- Widger, Tom (2022). Kin, friends, philanthronationalists: “Relations” as a modality of colonial and post-colonial charity in Sri Lanka. Ethnography
- Widger, Tom (2022). Religious nationalism, strategic detachment, and the politics of vernacular humanitarianism in post-war Sri Lanka. Social Anthropology
- Widger, Tom (2021). Glyphosate regulation and sovereignty politics around the world. Anthropology Today 37(4): 1-2.
- Widger, Tom & Osella, Filippo (2021). Trading Futures: Sadaqah, Social Enterprise, and the Polytemporalities of Development Gifts. Focaal 2021(90): 106-119.
- Widger, Tom (2018). Suicides, poisons and the materially possible: The positive ambivalence of means restriction and critical–critical global health. Journal of Material Culture 23(4): 396-412.
- Osella, F. & Widger, T. (2018). ‘You can give even if you only have ten rupees!’ Muslim charity in a Colombo housing scheme. Modern Asian Studies 52(1): 297-324.
- Widger, Tom (2017). Accumulation through nationalism: the politics of profit in “neoliberal” Sri Lanka. Polity 7(2): 31-37.
- Widger, Tom (2017). Anti-Hesitation. Anthropology of this Century (18).
- Widger, Tom (2016). Visions of philanthronationalism: the (in)equities of corporate good governance in Sri Lanka. Contemporary South Asia 24(4): 400-415.
- Widger, Tom (2016). Philanthronationalism: junctures at the business-charity nexus in post-war Sri Lanka. Development and Change 47(1): 29-50.
- Widger, Tom (2015). Suicide and the 'Poison Complex': Toxic Relationalities, Child Development, and the Sri Lankan Self-Harm Epidemic. Medical Anthropology 34(6): 501-516.
- Widger, Tom (2014). Reading Sri Lanka's suicide rate. Modern Asian Studies 48(03): 791-825.
- Widger, Tom (2012). Suicide and the morality of kinship in Sri Lanka. Contributions to Indian Sociology 46(1-2): 83-116.
- Widger, Tom (2012). Suffering, Frustration, and Anger: Class, Gender, and History in Sri Lankan Suicide Stories. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry 36(2): 225-244.
- Staples, James & Widger, Tom (2012). Situating suicide as an anthropological problem: ethnographic approaches to understanding self-harm and self-inflicted death. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry 36(2): 183-203.