Media coverage of women’s football has substantially increased in the last few years with respectful coverage continuing to grow, according to a new study by our sport scientists.
Comparing the 2015 and 2019 FIFA Women’s World Cups, there was a sixfold increase in the number of articles in English print newspapers with the number of front pages going up from seven during the 2015 tournament to 22 in 2019.
The analysis also showed there were no articles in 2019 which sexualised women players and all coverage instead focused on the skill and competence of players and teams. There was also a reduction in the use of infantilizing language, such as the use of ‘girls’ or ‘ladies’.
Players and team skills were criticised in parts of coverage in line with the typical reporting of men’s football which could represent a shift towards greater equality, with women subject to respectful but honest evaluations.
The study, which is the first of its kind in the UK, looked at the quantity and quality of print media coverage in five newspapers and asked fans about their thoughts on the coverage.
With just a couple of weeks until the FIFA Women’s World Cup kicks off, the study calls on media organisations and football governing bodies to work together to continue positive coverage all year round, not just for the duration of the World Cup.
The authors say continued profile could help to further advance gender equality in the sport, such as equal pay for women footballers and equal opportunities to play football.
Fans who were interviewed felt that increasing respectful coverage challenged sexist attitudes, leading to greater respect and appreciation for women’s football.
The researchers also call on organisations to ensure the same levels of high-quality, knowledgeable and respectful coverage for women’s and men’s sport. They would also like to see media outlets continue to tackle ‘thorny’ issues around gender inequality as this helps lobby for change amongst organisations with potential to improve conditions for women in sport.
The next stage of the research will look at media coverage of the 2023 FIFA Women’s World Cup, funded through a Collingwood College research internship.