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Dr Eleni Frantziou

Associate Professor in Public Law & Human Rights

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Associate Professor in Public Law & Human Rights in the Durham Law School  


Dr Eleni Frantziou joined Durham Law School in 2018. She holds an LLB from King’s College London, an LLM from the College of Europe (Bruges), and a PhD from UCL. In 2015, she was an Exchange Scholar at Yale University. She teaches in the fields of public law and human rights on undergraduate and postgraduate taught programmes and co-directs the Human Rights and Public Law Centre.

Dr Frantziou's research focuses on the application of human rights in legal disputes between private parties ('horizontal effect') in Europe and comparatively. She is the author of a monograph entitled The Horizontal Effect of Fundamental Rights in the European Union: A Constitutional Analysis (OUP 2019), which was the Joint Winner of the UACES Best Book Prize 2020. Dr Frantziou has also published extensively in peer-reviewed journals concerning the horizontal effect of human rights, the interpretation and application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, and the relationship between EU and UK human rights law following Brexit. Her research has been cited extensively, including by Advocates General at the Court of Justice of the European Union, in EU institutional reports, national human rights bodies, and by national courts, such as the German Constitutional Court. Dr Frantziou is currently working on a large-scale comparative project on the application and justifications of the horizontal effect of human rights, with an emphasis on questions of equality and political inclusion. She takes a broader interest in the concept of private life within the law and in the implications of constitutional entrenchment.

Dr Frantziou welcomes approaches for supervision from prospective doctoral students in her areas of expertise. She is particularly interested in comparative doctoral work on the horizontal effect of human rights.

Research Interests
  • UK Constitutional Law, EU Constitutional Law, Constitutional Theory, Global Constitutionalism, Human Rights Law, Workplace Politics, Horizontal Effect, Privacy

Research interests

  • UK Constitutional Law
  • EU Constitutional Law
  • Global Constitutionalism
  • Human Rights Law
  • Horizontal Effect
  • Privacy

Research groups

  • Durham European Law Institute
  • Human Rights Centre


Authored book

  • Frantziou, E. (2019). The Horizontal Effect of Fundamental Rights in the European Union: A Constitutional Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Book review

Chapter in book

  • Frantziou, E (2022). 'Farrell'. In Shaping EU Law the British Way: UK Advocates General at the Court of Justice of the European Union. Butler, G. & Lazowski, A. Hart.
  • Frantziou, E. (2022). Chapter 19: Constitutional impact of withdrawal on the protection of fundamental rights. In Research Handbook on Legal Aspects of Brexit. Cygan, A. & Lazowski, A. Edward Elgar.
  • Mantouvalou, V. & Frantziou, E. (2021). Article 15. In The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights: A Commentary. Peers, S., Hervey, T., Kenner, J. & Ward, A. Hart/Beck.
  • Frantziou, E. (2021). The European Union's Special Procedural Rights Before the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). In Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Procedural Law. Ruiz Fabri, H. OUP.

Journal Article

Other (Digital/Visual Media)

  • Frantziou, E. (2020). The right to privacy while working from home (‘WFH’): why employee monitoring infringes Art 8 ECHR.
  • Frantziou, E (2019). Joined Cases C-569/16 and C-570/16 Bauer et al: (Most of) the Charter of Fundamental Rights Is Horizontally Applicable. Blog.
  • Frantziou, E (2019). Administrative Formalities and Collective Disenfranchisement: the Situation of EU citizens in the UK #DeniedAvote during the European Parliament Elections 2019. UK Constitutional Law Association Blog(31 May 2019).
  • Frantziou, E. (2019). Paid Annual Leave and Collective Agreements after the TSN Judgment (C-609/17 and C-610/17).
  • Frantziou, E (2018). Farewell to the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights? The Withdrawal Act and the Danger of Losing Fundamentals. UCL Brexit Blog (10 October 2018).
  • Frantziou, E (2018). ‘Mangold Recast? The ECJ’s Flirtation with Drittwirkung in Egenberger’. Blog (24 April 2018).
  • Frantziou, E & Łazowski, A (2017). Brexit Transitional Period: The Solution Is Article 50. CEPS Commentaries (9 September 2017).


  • Douglas, B, Fenwick, H, Frantziou, E, Kagiaros, D, O'Loughlin, EA, Masterman, R & Pillay, A (2021). Evidence to the Independent Human Rights Act Review, Human Rights Centre, Durham Law School.

Supervision students