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Professor in the Department of Archaeology238 
Fellow of the Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing  


I studied for my undergraduate degree at Durham and it was here that I first developed an interest in bioarchaeology. After graduating I completed a Masters degree at Sheffield before returning to Durham for a PhD in 1998. I then worked as a postdoctoral research assistant at Sheffield University before being awarded a prestigious Junior Research Fellowship at St John’s College, University of Cambridge. Whilst at Cambridge I began to collaborate with several members of the Classics Faculty on projects involving human skeletal remains from Roman Italy and Britain, which continues to this day. In October 2006 I was appointed as Lecturer in Bioarchaeology at the University of Durham. I am delighted to be teaching and researching human skeletal remains in the department where they first fascinated me. I was promoted to Professor in 2019.

At Durham I contribute to the Department’s world-leading Bioarchaeology Research Group. One of my key research strengths is the integration of scientific evidence from the skeleton with theories of social identity and embodiment. The Social Archaeology of Funerary Remains, co-edited with Professor Chris Knüsel (University of Bordeaux) and Human Identity and Identification, co-authored with Professor Tim Thomspon (Teesside University), exemplify this approach. Most recently I was PI on the British Academy funded project The Children of the Revolution, examining the impact of poverty and child labour on childhood health during the industrial revolution in Britain, and the Wenner Gren funded project The Infant/Mother Nexus in Archaeology and Anthropology. Both of these projects have been highly inter-disciplinary. I also lead an Impact Case Study based on my development and delivery of an innovative CPD course to national and international forensic practitioners. I collaborate with a number of international agencies (including the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Centre for Missing Persons in Cyprus). I advise human rights lawyers and those working on transitional justice on international cases involving human skeletal remains.

I enjoy teaching at all levels; however, most of my teaching is on the MSc in Human Bioarchaeology and Palaeopathology for which I am Course Director. I also supervise PhD students researching a variety of aspects of Human Bioarchaeology. I have fulfilled a variety of management roles within the Department, including Deputy Head of Department, Bioarchaeology Research Group convenor and Chair of the Equality and Diversity committee. I am the Associate Editor for the world-leading archaeology journal Antiquity which is currently produced by the Department. Since September 2019 I have been the Faculty Lead for Equality, Diversity and Inclusion in Social Sciences and Health.

Research interests

  • Health and demography in the Roman world
  • The inter-relationship between the physical body and social identity
  • Skeletal ageing and age as an aspect of social identity
  • Care and disability in the past
  • The infant/mother nexus in anthropology and archaeology
  • Childhood health in the past and present
  • Human identification in forensic contexts
  • Human identification in forensic contexts
  • The history of malaria in England

Research groups

  • Bioarchaeology
  • Northern Communities

Research Projects

  • Children of the Revolution: A rural/urban comparison of child health during the 18th-19th centuries in the North of England
  • Health, diet and living environment in the Roman Empire: the skeletal and funerary evidence
  • Investigating Morbidity and Malaria in Anglo-Saxon Wetland Environments
  • The Taphonomic Effects of Marine Submersion on Human Skeletal Remains

Awarded Grants

  • 2017: The Mother Baby Nexus(£15328.82 from The Wenner-Gren Foundation)
  • 2015: People and Place in the Kingdom of Northumbria AD 300 - 800(£275742.00 from Leverhulme Trust)
  • 2014: Children of the Revolution: Health Inequalities during Industrialisation in the North of England (18th-19th Centuries)(£9396.60 from The British Academy)
  • 2010: Investigating morbidity and malaria in Anglo-Saxon wetland environments(£7485.00 from The British Academy)

Esteem Indicators

  • 2018: Associate Editor, Antiquity:
  • 2018: Vice President: Society for the Study of Childhood in the Past:
  • 2016: Editorial Board: Bioarchaeology International:
  • 2016: External Examiner: University of Sheffield:
  • 2015: Editorial Board: Science and Justice:
  • 2015: Roman Archaeology Committee Member:
  • 2013: External Examiner: Bounemouth University:


Authored book

  • Gowland, R. L. & Thompson, T. J. U. (2013). Human Identity and Identification. Cambridge Cambridge University Press.

Book review

Chapter in book

Conference Paper

  • Lewis, M. E. & Gowland, R. L. (2009), Infantile cortical hyperostosis: cases, causes and contradictions, in Lewis, M. E. & Clegg, M. eds, BAR International Series 1918: Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Reading, Archaeopress, Oxford, 43-52.

Conference Proceeding

  • Gowland, R. L. & Chamberlain, A.T. (2005). Estimating age-at-death from the pubic symphysis: past, present and future. British Association of Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology 2003, Southampton, Archaeopress.
  • Gowland, R.L. (2004). The social identity of health in late Roman Britain. Thirteenth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, Leicester, Oxbow.
  • Millard, A. & Gowland, R. (2003). A Bayesian approach to the estimation of age-at-death from tooth development and wear in humans.
  • Gowland, R. L. & Chamberlain, A.T. (2003). A new method for estimating gestational age from skeletal long bone length. Archaeological Sciences 1999, Bristol, Archaeopress.
  • Gowland, R. (2001). Playing dead: implications of mortuary evidence for the social construction of childhood in Roman Britain. Tenth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, London, Oxbow.

Edited book

Journal Article

Supervision students