Skip to main content
Overview

UNESCO Professor Robin Coningham

Professor

BA, PhD (Cantab.)


Affiliations
AffiliationRoom numberTelephone
Professor in the Department of Archaeology215+44 (0) 191 33 41145
Member of the Institute for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies  
Associate Director (World Heritage Site) in the Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies  

Biography

Professor Robin Coningham holds UNESCO's 2014 Chair on Archaeological Ethics and Practice in Cultural Heritage, the Chair of Early Medieval Archaeology and is Associate Director (World Heritage) in Durham's Institute of Mediaeval and Early Modern Studies (IMEMS).


BIOGRAPHY

I studied Archaeology and Anthropology at King's College, Cambridge and, after six-months as Graduate Scholar at the British Institute in Eastern Africa, returned to King's as a College Scholar to complete a PhD under the supervision of the late F.R. Allchin, FBA. I then joined the Department of Archaeological Sciences at Bradford as a Lecturer in 1994, becoming Professor of South Asian Archaeology and Head of Department in 2004. I moved to a Chair at Durham in 2005, and was Head of the Department of Archaeology between 2007 and 2008, before becoming Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Head of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Health, a post which I held until 2015. I was appointed the inaugural holder of UNESCO’s Chair on Archaeological Ethics and Practice in Cultural Heritage in 2014.


RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • Cities and Landscapes of Ancient Southern Asia

I am committed to archaeological field research and, with colleagues from across South Asia and beyond, have conducted fieldwork in Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka aimed at enhancing our understanding of the developmental sequences of urbanization in Southern Asia, both within cities but also across their hinterlands. Applying science-based archaeology, this has resulted in the generation of the first chronometrically-dated sequences for a number of key ancient city sites, including Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka's earliest capital, and the Bala Hisar of Charsadda in the Vale of Peshawar, one of the great sites on Pakistan's portion of the Silk Road. The artefact typologies from these excavations have, in turn, shed new light on the antiquity and changing character of Indian Ocean trade. Our UNESCO Chair team has also started to focus on the sequences of Medieval cities in South Asia, including at Pashupati in Kathmandu and Polonnaruva, Anuradhapura's successor in Sri Lanka. More recently in Nepal, our team has undertaken a geophysical survey of the site of Tilaurakot-Kapilavastu, followed up by targeted excavation. This programme of investigation has resulted in the compilation of the most complete plan of an Early Historic city in South Asia, complete with streets, buildings, a reservoir and central walled palatial compound.

Aware of the intimate relationship between cities and their hinterlands, we have also studied the impact of urbanization on extra-mural settlements and sites across the broader landscape. In Sri Lanka, this led to the reassessment of our understanding of the centralizing role played by Buddhist monasteries within Anuradhapura’s hinterland as well as the role of irrigation in sustaining colonization in the island’s Dry Zone. More broadly, research with colleagues there has led to recognition of the presence of what we termed in an article in the journal Antiquitylow-density, dispersed agrarian urbanism’, with distinct similarities shared with other tropical forest settings in Southeast Asia and Central America. As shrines and pilgrimage centres can also present their own centralizing forces and their own developmental trajectories, we are studying the emergence of Lumbini, Birthplace of the Buddha, and its landscape of pilgrimage with UNESCO and colleagues from the Government of Nepal. Drawing these threads together in a critical synthesis of the archaeology of South Asia from the Neolithic period (c.6500 BCE), when domestication began, to the spread of Buddhism accompanying the Mauryan Emperor Asoka's reign (third century BCE), my Cambridge University Press book 'The Archaeology of South Asia: From the Indus to Asoka c.6500 BCE - 200 CE' with Ruth Young explores how narratives of increasing urban complexity, continuity and transformation have been formulated.

  • Archaeological Practice, Heritage Protection and Community Engagement

Heritage and archaeology are drivers for Creative Economies and UNESCO recognises that their protection contributes to sustainable development. There is awareness that they play a unifying role in post-conflict responses but also that unethical or unbalanced promotion may alienate communities, generate conflict and the destruction of heritage. Recognising threats to heritage from accelerated development, I started working with UNESCO in 1997 and, since then, have participated in over 30 UNESCO missions. These have included the refreshing of the Government of Pakistan’s Tentative List of World Heritage Sites and participation in the Second Scientific Committee on the nomination of the Qhapaq Nau (Inka Highway). I serve as Advisor in Archaeology for UNESCO’s International Scientific Committee for Lumbini, the Birthplace of Lord Buddha and have co-directed its archaeological programme in southern Nepal since 2010, helping to delicately balance the develop needs of residents and pilgrims with the protection of sites and monuments. This is not a unique situation, as similar challenges have been identified with colleagues at World Heritage Sites in India. During this time, we have co-produced methods to enhance the long-term protection of heritage sites as well as reflecting on the nature of their threats, and ways in which resident communities and stakeholders can be better engaged through the synchronisation of programmes of archaeological activities alongside active community engagement, with the co-production of museum displays and heritage festivals. These themes are further explored in the book 'Archaeology, Cultural Heritage Protection and Community Engagement in South Asia', which was co-produced with Nick Lewer and colleagues. 

Sadly, in addition to the threats identified above, heritage is also threatened by natural disasters and by conscious targeting during conflict. While archaeologists have traditionally played a secondary role in post-disaster interventions within South Asia, we were mobilized by UNESCO and the Government of Nepal after the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake in Nepal. A human and cultural disaster, our team worked with colleagues to develop practical field training with non-academic collaborators to focus on learning from the evaluation of foundations of collapsed structures as well as on salvaging material to assist post-earthquake plans for its reconstruction. In Kathmandu, we co-produced methods to enhance the long-term protection of heritage sites as well as disseminating post-disaster subsurface heritage protocols within post-earthquake contexts. While working at a number of sites across the Valley, our focused study of the ancient Kasthamandap with engineers and architects has contributed to its reconstruction as discussed in our paper 'Reducing Disaster Risk to Life and Livelihoods by Evaluating the Seismic Safety of Kathmandu’s Historic Urban Infrastructure: enabling an interdisciplinary pilot' in the Journal of the British Academy in 2019. With colleagues, we then successfully adapted and applied these methodologies to Jaffna Fort, a Sri Lankan heritage monument, badly damaged during the Civil War.

Published in a special 'Climate, disaster and Risk' issue of the Journal of the British Academy to accompany the COP26 Summit in Glasgow , Lisa Lucero and I explore three examples of ruined and "lost cities" – Kathmandu in Nepal, Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka and Classic Mayan cities of Central America – to reflect on the lessons they bear for strengthening modern cities' disaster resilience and the important role that archaeologists and historians can play in future sustainable urban planning.

Closer to home, I am also the Associate Director of Durham's Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (IMEMS) with a portfolio which includes Durham's own UNESCO World Heritage Site and co-founded the Centre for the Ethics and Cultural Heritage (CECH) in Durham with the Philospher Geoffrey Scarre; jointing publishing 'Appropriating the Past: Philosophical Perspectives on the Practice of Archaeology' with Cambridge University Press in 2013.

In response to the rescheduling of IMEMS' Heritage and Pilgrimage Workshop, join us virtually  ‘On Pilgrimage’, as we explore the traditions and wider context of ancient and modern pilgrimage through a series of events with speakers who will guide us on a journey through a landscape of individual objects, monuments, people and places....


ACADEMIC SERVICE

In addition to these activities, I am a member of AHRC’s GCRF Strategic Advisory Group, the National Academies’ Resilient Futures Steering Group, UNESCO's Scientific Committee for Lumbini, the UK National Commission for UNESCO's Expert Network, and chair the Antiquity Trust. 

Former posts include membership of the British Academy's Sponsored Institutes and Society’s Committee (BASIS), the British Academy's International Engagement Committe, Honorary Secretary of the British Institute of Persian Studies, and Trustee of the Ancient India and Iran Trust (Cambridge). I acted as a QAA Specialist in Archaeology for seven Departmental reviews and was a QAA Review Chair for a further five.


RESEARCH STUDENT SUPERVISION

I would be pleased to supervise postgraduate students interested in the archaeological visibility of Buddhism; caste and the development of craft specialisation; Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea trade; international cultural resource management; the Later Prehistory and Early Historic archaeology of Southern Asia (from Iran to Myanmar); politics, identity and archaeology; Urbanisation; the Prehistory of Iran; post-conflict archaeology; post-disaster archaeology; sustainable pilgrimage; and UNESCO and World Heritage. Please email me about potential topics.

CURRENT RESEARCH STUDENTS

Jiajing Mo, M.A.,The Changing Landscape in Western Nepal Terai in the Second Half of the First Millennium

K. Weise, MArch., When the Shaking Stops: an evaluation of post-earthquake rehabilitation of the Kasthamandap in Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square

FORMER RESEARCH STUDENTS

Prof. H. Fazeli, Department of Archaeology, University of TehranIran. Social complexity and craft specialisation in the Neolithic and Early Chalcolithic period in the central plateau of Iran (2001).

Prof. R. Young, Department of Archaeology, University of Leicester, UK. Food procurement strategies in Iron Age Pakistan (2000).

Assoc. Prof. H. Karimian, Department of Archaeology, University of Tehran, Iran. Space and society in Mediaeval Bam (2003).

Dr. L. Ford, Ceramic Specialist, West Yorkshire Archaeology Unit, UK. Towards the scientific provenancing of Rouletted Ware (2004).

Assoc. Prof. Dr M. Mortazavi, Department of Archaeology, University of Sistan and Baluchistan, Iran. System collapse? A reassessment of the end of the civilisations of southeast Iran in the second millennium BC (2004).

Andrew Newton, MPhil Politics and archaeology in nineteenth and twentieth century Germany (2005).

Prof. P. Gunawardhana, Department of Archaeology, University of Kaleniya, Sri Lanka. Monastic planning and sectarianism in Sri Lanka (2006).

Assoc. Prof. Abed Al Raouf Mayyas, Queen Rania Faculty of Tourism and Heritage, Hashemite University, Jordan. Late Prehistoric ceramic function and provenance in the Tehran Plain (2007).

Dr. Mark Manual, Department of Archaeology, University of Durham, UK. Normative models and the social organisation of the Harappan Civilisation (2008).

Dr. Keir Strickland, Senior Lecturer, Department of Archaeology, La Trobe University, Australia. The Jungle Tide: Urban Collapse in Early Medieval Sri Lanka (2011).

Dr. Saud Al-Ghamdi, M.A., Senior Research Archaeologist, Qatar Museums Authority, Qatar. Neolithic settlement in the south-west of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (2011).

Dr. Cesar Villalobos Acosta, M.A., Center for Anthropological Studies, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico. Archaeology in circulation: nationalism and tourism in post-Revolutionary Mexico (2011).

Dr. J. Marshall, M.A., Missing links: demic diffusion and the development of agriculture in the Central Iranian Plateau (2012).

Dr. C. Davis, M.A., Department of Archaeology, University of Durham, UK. Early Buddhist monasteries in Sri Lanka: a landscape approach (2013).

Dr. R. Daroogheh-Nokhodcheri, M.A., Research Fellow, Iran Heritage Foundation, UK. Nationalism, politics and the practice of archaeology: the case study of Iran (2014).

Dr. J. Tremblay, M.A., Department of Archaeology, University of Durham, UK. The Development and spread of Buddhism: an archaeological evaluation (2015). 

Dr. A. Margussian, M.A., Department of Archaeology, University of Durham, UK. Ceramic typologies and stylistic phylogenesis: the prehistoric ceramics of the Central Plateau of Iran (2017).

Dr. J. Shoebridge, M.A., University Library and Collections, Durham University, UK. Arikamedu Type 10 and the reconstruction of networks of Indian Ocean trade (2018).

Dr. Anouk Lafortune-Bernard, M.A., Post-Doctoral Intern, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, France. Mastering the master plan of Lumbini: towards developing an evidence-based approach to evaluating the economic and social impact of site development on local communities (2020).

 

Research interests

  • Archaeological Ethics and Practice in Cultural Heritage
  • Later Prehistory and Early Historic archaeology of Southern Asia (from Iran to Myanmar)
  • Urbanisation
  • Archaeological visibility of Buddhism
  • Caste and the development of craft specialisation
  • Politics, identity and archaeology
  • International cultural resource management
  • UNESCO and World Heritage
  • Post-disaster archaeology
  • Post-conflict archaeology
  • Sustainable pilgrimage
  • Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea Trade

Research groups

  • Heritage Partnerships
  • Landscapes of Complex Society

Research Projects

  • Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) Project: The Citadel (Phase I)
  • Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) Project: The Hinterland (Phase II)
  • Archaeological Investigations of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Pashupati (Nepal)
  • Benchmarking the social and economic impacts of the tangible and intangible heritage of Middle Egypt
  • Exploring the Medieval Hinterland of Polonnaruva
  • Post-Earthquake Rescue Archaeology in Kathmandu
  • Promoting the Protection of Heritage Sites in Nepal
  • Seismic Safety and Kathmandu’s Historic Urban Infrastructure
  • Socio-Economic Transformations in the Tehran Plain
  • The Natal Landscape of the Buddha, Phase I: Lumbini
  • The Natal Landscape of the Buddha, Phase II: Tilaurakot
  • The Post-Disaster Archaeology of the Jaffna Peninsula (Sri Lanka) and reconstructing early Indian Ocean Trade
  • Uncovering Kathmandu's Early Urbanism
  • Understanding Pilgrimage & Heritage in India

Related Links

Awarded Grants

  • 2019: Archaeological and conservation work at Tilaurakot-Kapilavastu(£70346.40 from )
  • 2019: Durham University GCRF QR funding - Network Grant (Year 1)(£18300.00 from )
  • 2019: HOLY LANDS: SCOPING THE NEXUS BETWEEN HERITAGE, PILGRIMAGE AND DIASPORA IN INDIA(£36227.00 from AHRC)
  • 2019: Strengthening the Conservation and Management of Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha, World Heritage Property (Phase III) and Ramagrama Geophysical Survey and Preparation of Risk Map(£65470.79 from )
  • 2018: IAA - TILAURAKOT REGIONAL MUSEUM VISITOR AND COMMUNITY ASSET(£30523.82 from Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council)
  • 2018: Strengthening the Conservation and Management of Lumbini, the Birthplace of Lord Buddha, the World Heritage Property (Phase III)(£48412.52 from UNESCO)
  • 2017: Benchmarking the social and economic impacts of the tangible and intangible heritage of Middle Egypt, particularly with reference to traditional handicraft production.(£109140.53 from British Council Yemen)
  • 2017: Excavating, Conserving and Presenting Tilaurokot-Kapilavastu(£142011.50 from )
  • 2017: PROMOTING THE PROTECTION OF HERITAGE SITES IN NEPAL'S WESTERN TERAI IN THE FACE OF ACCELERATED DEVELOPMENT(£3990.39 from HEFCE)
  • 2017: Promoting sustainable pilgrimage and the protection of heritage sites in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, India(£66270.00 from UKIERI)
  • 2017: Reducing Disaster Risk to Life and Livelihoods by Evaluating the Seismic Safety of Kathmandu's Historic Urban Infrastructure(£95860.00 from The British Academy)
  • 2017: Strengthening the conservation and Management of Lumbini - Tilaurakot, Kudan and Araurakot 2017(£52724.00 from UNESCO)
  • 2017: Walking with the Buddha Exhibition at the FoGuan Buddha Museum May 2018(£22089.76 from )
  • 2016: Can we rebuild the Kasthamandap? Promoting post disaster excavations, salvageand subsurface protection protocols in Kathmandu(£61020.48 from AHRC)
  • 2016: Excavating the Palace of Tilaurakot, Nepal: Reinvestigating the Archaeology of the Natal Landscape of the Buddha(£10283.66 from National Geographic Society)
  • 2016: Post-disaster archaeological excavations at Jagannath and Gopinath Temples at Hanumandhoka Durbar Square in the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site(£11931.55 from UNESCO)
  • 2016: Promoting the protection fo heritage sites in Nepal's Western Terai in the face of accelerated development(£48316.00 from AHRC)
  • 2015: Tilaurakot-Kapilavastu: reinvestigating the archaeology of the natal landscape of the Buddha(£13997.80 from National Geographic Society)
  • 2015: UNESCO 2015 ext: Archaeological identification, evaluation and interpretation of theKathmandu Valley World Heritage Property(£27720.70 from UNESCO)
  • 2015: UNESCO: Strengthening the Conservation and Management of Lumbrini, the Birthplace of Lord Buddha (Phase ll)(£40687.00 from UNESCO)
  • 2014: Archaelogical Identification, Evaluation and Interpretation of Lumbai and Tilaurakot(£32117.38 from UNESCO)
  • 2014: Archaeological Investigations of Tilaurakot(£41762.01 from Government of Hokke Shu)
  • 2014: Benchmarking the Social and Economic Impacts of Cultural Heritage: a comparative pilot study(£11000.00 from British Council)
  • 2014: Mapping Pashupati: Identifying and characterising the early cultural phases of the UNESCO world heritage site of Pashupati in the Kathmandu Valley (Nepal)(£2950.00 from The British Academy)
  • 2013: Strengthening the Conservation and Management of Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha, World Heritage Property (Phase II)(£48355.95 from UNESCO)
  • 2012: Strengthening conservation and management of Lumbini: the birthplace of the Lord Buddha, World Heritage Property(£31990.00 from UNESCO)
  • 2011: Lumbini: reinvestigating the archaeology of the birthplace of Buddha(£15378.20 from National Geographic Society)
  • 2010: Identifying, evaluating and interpreting the physical signature of Lumbini and associated sites(£57205.87 from UNESCO)
  • 2008: THE SIALK PROJECT(£27570.00 from British Institute of Persian Studies)
  • 2005: SOCIO-ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATIONS(£30077.72 from The British Academy)
  • 2005: THE ANURADHAPURA (SRI LANKA) PROJECT(£161335.00 from Arts and Humanities Research Council)

Esteem Indicators

Media Contacts

Available for media contact about:

  • Ethics, Religion & Beliefs: Trade in illict antiquities
  • History & Archaeology: Trade in illict antiquities
  • Ethics, Religion & Beliefs: Looting
  • History & Archaeology: Looting
  • Ethics, Religion & Beliefs: Buddhism
  • History & Archaeology: Buddhism
  • History & Archaeology: South Asia
  • History & Archaeology: Iran
  • History & Archaeology: Indian Ocean
  • History & Archaeology: Persian Gulf
  • History & Archaeology: Sri Lanka
  • History & Archaeology: Pakistan
  • History & Archaeology: India
  • History & Archaeology: Nepal
  • History & Archaeology: Bangladesh
  • Anthropology: Caste
  • History & Archaeology: Caste
  • History & Archaeology: Urbanism and cities
  • History & Archaeology: Persia
  • Asia (excluding Middle East): Heritage
  • European & other international expertise: Heritage
  • Asia (excluding Middle East): Heritage
  • European & other international expertise: Identity and the past
  • Asia (excluding Middle East): Identity and the past
  • Middle East: Identity and the past

Publications

Authored book

Chapter in book

  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Lewer, N. (2019). Communities, Identities, Conflict and Appropriation in South Asia. In Archaeology, Cultural Heritage Protection and Community Engagement in South Asia. Coningham, R.A.E. & Lewer, N. Palgrave Macmillan. 151-164.
  • Lewer, N., Lafortune-Bernard, A., Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P. & Kunwar, R.B. (2019). Community Engagement in the Greater Lumbini Area of Nepal: The Micro-Heritage Case Study of Dohani. In Archaeology, Cultural Heritage Protection and Community Engagement in South Asia. Coningham, R.A.E. & Lewer, N. Palgrave Macmillan. 59-74.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Weise, K. (2019). Ruins and Debris: Cultural Heritage Practice, Resource Management, and Archaeology. In Philosophical Perspectives on Ruins, Monuments, and Memorials. Bicknell, J., Judkins, J. & Korsmeyer, C. Routledge. 275-290.
  • Bhaddamanika, S., Bidari, B., Choegyal, L., Coningham, R.A.E., Cuppers, C. & Rai, G. (2019). Balancing competing requirements of faith and preservation. In The Sacred Garden of Lumbini. UNESCO UNESCO. 210-223.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Davis, C.E., Kunwar, R.B., Simpson, I.A., Joshi, A. & Weise, K. (2019). Resilience within the Rubble: post-disaster archaeological responses to Nepal's 2015 Gorkha Earthquake. In Heritage Under Pressure: Threats and Solutions (Studies of Agency and Soft Power in the Historic Environment). Dawson, M., James, Edward & Nevell, M. Oxbow. 123-146.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P. & Tremblay, J. (2019). Archaeology and site interpretation. In The Sacred Garden of Lumbini. UNESCO UNESCO. 50-103.
  • Schmidt, A., Gunawardhana, P., Davis, C.E., Hale, D., Coningham, R.A.E., Pushparatnam, P., Villis, R., Woolston-Houshold, M. & Manuel, M.J. (2019). Interpreting GPR data from Jaffna Fort, Northern Sri Lanka, using historic maps and new excavations. In New Global Perspectives on Archaeological Prospection:13th International Conference on Archaeological Prospection 28 August - 1 September 2019 Sligo Ireland. Bonsall, J. Archaeopress. 224-227.
  • Wilson, A.S., Gaffney, V., Gaffney, C., Ch’ng, E., Bates, R., Sears, G., Sparrow, T., Murgatroyd, A., Faber, E. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2019). Curious Travellers: Repurposing imagery to manage and interpret threatened monuments, sites and landscapes. In Heritage Under Pressure – Threats and Solution: Studies of Agency and Soft Power in the Historic Environment. Dawson, M., James, E. & Nevel, M. Oxbow. 107-122.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Manuel, M.J. & Tremblay, J. (2019). Sites of the Greater Lumbini Area. In The Sacred Garden of Lumbini. UNESCO UNESCO. 223-259.
  • Davis, C.E. (2018). Patterns of Patronage: a reanalysis of the contents and distribution of inscriptions in Sri Lanka. In Buddha Rashmi: Vesak Volume: essays in Buddhism and Buddhist monastic archaeology. Gunawardhana, P. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo, Sri Lanka Central Cultural Fund, Ministry of Education, Sri Lanka. 53-66.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Davis, C.E., Kunwar, R.B., LaFortune-Bernard, A., Tremblay-Fitton, J., Schmidt, A. & Simpson, I.A. (2018). Apres le Deluge: observations and recommendations from a post-disaster mission to the Kathmandu Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site in October and November 2015. In The Cultural Heritage of Nepal, Before, During and After the 2015 Earthquakes: current and future challenges. Richon, M. Vajra Books. 92-103.
  • Davis, C.E., Gunawardhana, P., Coningham, R.A.E., Pushparatnam, P., Schmidt, A., Manuel, M.J., Namalgamuwa, H., Senanayaka, J. & Bandara, K.G.Y. (2018). Recent excavations and survey at Jaffna Fort in 2017 and reflections on the antiquity of Indian Ocean trade. In Buddha Rashmi Vesak Volume 2018: Essays in Buddhism and Buddhist Monastic Archaeology. Gunawardhana, P. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo, Sri Lanka Central Cultural Fund, Ministry of Education, Sri Lanka. 67-78.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Kunwar, R.B., Davis, C.E., Manuel, M.J., Simpson, I.A., Strickland, K.M., Hale, D., Tremblay, J. & Lafortune-Bernard, A. (2018). Excavating ancient Kapilavastu: the childhood home of Lord Buddha. In Buddha Rashmi Vesak Volume 2018: Essays in Buddhism and Buddhist Monastic Archaeology. Gunawardhana, P. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo, Sri Lanka Central Cultural Fund, Ministry of Education, Sri Lanka. 8-25.
  • Strickland, K.M., Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana, P. & Simpson, I.A. (2018). Hydraulic Complexities: Collapse and Resilience in Sri Lanka. In Water and Society from Ancient Times to the Present: Resilience, Decline, and Revival,. Sula, F. & Pikirayi, I. Routledge. 259-281.
  • Manuel, M.J., Gunawardhana, P., Coningham, R.A.E., Davis, C.E., Namalgamuwa, H., Senanayaka, J, Rammungoda, U.R. & Bandara, K.G.Y. (2018). Ritual and economy reconsidered at Siva Devale No. 2, Polonnaruva. In Buddha Rashmi: Vesak Volume: essays in Buddhism and Buddhist monastic archaeology. Gunawardhana, P. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Central Cultural Fund. 33-44.
  • Lafortune-Bernard, A., Coningham, R.A.E. & Acharya, K.P. (2018). Recording the social and economic contribution of local heritage at Tilaurakot: a pilot study. In The Cultural Heritage of Nepal, before, during and after the 2015 Earthquakes: Current and Future Challenges. The Oriental Cultural Heritage Sites Protection Alliance (OCHSPA). Kathmandu: Vajra Publications. 170-179.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Davis, C.E., Weise, K., Kunwar, R.B. & Simpson, I.A. (2018). Look Down, Not Up: Protecting the Post-disaster Subsurface Heritage of the Kathmandu Valley’s UNESCO World Heritage Site. In Evolving Narratives of Hazard and Risk The Gorkha Earthquake, Nepal, 2015. Bracken, L.A., Ruszczyk, H. & Robinson, T. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. 159-181.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Kunwar, R.B., Manuel. M.J., Davis, C.E. & Lafortune-Bernard, A. (2017). Promoting the Protection, Preservation and Presentation of the Natal Landscape of the Buddha in Nepal. In Buddha Rashmi Vesak Volume: Essays in Buddhism and Buddhist Monastic Archaeology. Gunawardhana, P., Coningham, R.A.E. & Nampoothiri, K. Central Cultural Fund of Sri Lanka. 13-26.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Manuel, M.J., Davis, C.E. & Gunawardhana, P. (2017). Archaeology and Cosmopolitanism in Early Historic and Medieval Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka at the Crossroads of History. Biedermann, Z. & Strathern, A. London: UCL Press. 19-43.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Manuel, M.J. & Shoebridge, J.E. (2016). Reconstructing Networks of Trade and Exchange in the Indian Ocean during the Early Historic Period: Case Studies from Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka). In Imperial Rome, Indian Ocean Regions and Muziris: New Perspectives on Maritime Trade. Mathew, K.S. Routledge. 31-51.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P. & Davis, C.E. (2015). Archaeological Evidence and the Historicity of the Buddha: Lumbini. In Vesak, Peace and Harmony: Thinking of Buddhist Heritage. Degalle, M. Nagananda International Buddhist University. 59-82.
  • Manuel, M.J., Coningham, R.A.E., Gillmore, G. & Fazeli, H. (2014). Societal change and sustainability within the Central Plateau of Iran: an archaeological viewpoint. In Sustainable Development: an appraisal from the Gulf Region. Sillitoe, P. Berghahn. 38-61.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Tremblay, J. (2013). Re-discovering Lumbini: Archaeology and Site Interpretation. In The Sacred Garden of Lumbini: Perceptions of Buddha's Birthplace. Weise, K. UNESCO. 61-95.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. (2013). The Archaeology of Early Buddhism. In Oxford Bibliographies in Buddhism. Payne,Richard Oxford University Press. 1-35.
  • Kourampas, N., Simpson, I.A., Fazeli, H., Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2013). Sediments, soils and livelihood in a Late Neolithic village on the Iranian Plateau. In The Neolithisation of Iran: the formation of new societies. Matthews, R. & Fazeli, H. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 178-189.
  • Fazeli, H., Coningham, R.A.E., Marghussian, A., Manuel, M.J., Azizi, H. & Pollard, A.M. (2013). Mapping the Neolithic occupation of the Kashan, Tehran and Qazvin Plains. In The Neolithisation of Iran: the formation of new societies. Matthews, R. & Fazeli, H. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 114-135.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. (2012). Looting or Rededication? Buddhism and the Expropriation of Relics. In Appropriating the Past: Philosophical Perspectives on the Practice of Archaeology. Scarre, G. & Coningham, Cambridge University Press. 281-294.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. (2012). Frank Raymond Allchin(1923-2010). In Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the British Academy. Oxford University Press. IX: 3-23.
  • Coningham,R.A.E. (2012). Non-Western Societies and Indigenous Peoples, Archaeology and: Archaeology and South Asia. In The Oxford Companion To Archaeology. Silberman, N.A. Oxford University Press.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. (2011). Buddhism. In The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion. Insoll, T. Oxford University Press. 934-947.
  • Gillmore, G.K., Stevens, T. Buylaert, J.P. Coningham, R.A.E., Batt, C. Fazeli, H. Young, R. & Maghsoudi, M. (2011). Geoarchaeology and the value of multidisciplinary palaeo-environmental approaches: a case study from the Tehran Plain, Iran. In Human Interactions with the Geosphere: The Geoarchaeological Perspective. Wilson, L. The Geological Society of London. 352: 49-67.
  • Schmidt, A. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2010). Geophysical Investigations of World Heritage Sites in South Asia. In Essays in Archaeology. Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo: Neptune Publishers. 285-290.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Schmidt, A. & Bidari, B. (2010). Searching for Kapilavastu. In Essays in Archaeology. Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo: Neptune Publishers. 55-66.
  • Young, R.L. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2010). From Village to State: Modelling Food Consumption and Ideological Change at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. In Essays in Archaeology. Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo: Neptune Publishers. 81-92.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2009). The Early Empires of South Asia. In The Great Empires of the Ancient World. Harrison, T. London: Thames & Hudson. 226-249.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2008). Warfare in ancient South Asia. In The ancient world at war. de Souza, P. London.: Thames and Hudson. 229-242.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Coningham, S.E. (2008). Chandragupta Maurya. In Great military leaders and their campaigns. Black, J. London: Thames and Hudson.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2007). The Indus Civilisation. In Archaeologica The world's most significant sites and cultural treasures. Cremin, Aedeen Melbourne: Random House. 240-245.
  • Gillmore, G.K., Coningham, R.A.E., Young, R., Fazeli. H., Rushworth, G., Donahue, R. & Batt, C.M. (2007). Holocene alluvial sediments of the Tehran Plain: sedimentation and archaeological site visibility. In Reconstructing human-landscape interactions. Wilson, L., Dickinson, P. & Jeandron, J. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars. 37-67.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2007). South Asia The Northwest Frontier and Kashmir region. In Encyclopedia of Archaeology. Pearsall, Deborah M. Oxford: Elsevier. 733-745.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Young, R. (2007). The archaeological visibility of caste. In The Archaeology of Identities: A Reader. Insoll, T. London: Routledge. 250-264.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Strickland, K.M. (2007). South Asia Sri Lanka. In Encyclopedia of Archaeology. Pearsall, Deborah M. Elsevier. 791-795.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2007). The Indus Civilisation. In 30,000 Years of Art. Fortenberry, Diane London: Phaidon.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Cooper, R. & Pollard, A.M. (2006). What value a unicorn's horn? A study of archaeological value. In The ethics of Archaeology: philosophical perspectives on archaeological practice. Scarre, C. & Scarre, G. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 260-272.
  • Coningham R.A.E. & Mann S. (2005). The Story of the Stupa Revisited. In Essays in Archaeology. Gunawardhana P. & Coningham R.A.E. Colombo: Godage International Publishers. 31-43.
  • Coningham R.A.E. (2005). South Asia: From Early Villages to Buddhism. In The Human Past. Scarre C.J. London: Thames and Hudson. 518-551.
  • Coningham R.A.E. (2002). Deciphering the Indus Script. In Indian Archaeology in Retrospect. Settar, S. & Korrisettar R. New Delhi: Indian Council of Historical Research. 2: 81-104.
  • Ali I. & Coningham R.A.E. (2002). Recording and Preserving Gandhara's Cultural Heritage. In Illicit Antiquities: the Destruction of the World's Archaeological Heritage. Brodie J., Doole J. & Renfrew A.C. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. 25-31.
  • Coningham, R.A.E. (2001). The archaeology of Buddhism. In Archaeology and world religion. Insoll, T. London: Routledge. 61-95.
  • Coningham R.A.E. (1999). South Asia. In The Seventy Wonders of the World. Scarre S.J. London: Thames and Hudson.
  • Coningham R.A.E. & Young R.L. (1999). The Archaeology of Caste. In Case Studies in Archaeology and World Religions. Insoll T. Oxford: BAR. 84-93.
  • Coningham R.A.E. (1997). Anuradhapura. In The Oxford Campanion to Archaeology. Fagan B. New York: Oxford University Press. 38-39.
  • Coningham R.A.E. & Allchin F.R. (1995). The Rise of Cities in South Asia. In The Archaeology of Early Historic South Asia: The emergence of Cities and States. Allchin F.R. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 152-184.
  • Coningham R.A.E. (1995). Dark Age or Continnum? An Archaeological Analysis of The Second Emergence of Urbanism in South Asia. In The Archaeology of Early Historic South Asia: The Emergence of Cities and States. Allchin F.R. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 54-72.

Conference Proceeding

  • Ford, L. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2006). Early Historic Specialisation and Standardisation: The Technology of Rouletted Ware and Associated Wares at Anuradhapura. Deutsches Archaologisches Institut.
  • Coningham R.A.E. (1997). The Spatial Distribution of Craft Activities in Early Historic Cities. Oxford and IBH.
  • Krishnan K. & Coningham R.A.E. (1997). Microstructural Analysis of Samples of Rouletted Ware and Associated Pottery from Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Oxford and IBH.
  • Coningham R.A.E. (1994). Notes on the Construction and Destruction of Ancient Sri Lankan Buildings. Oxford and IBH.

Edited book

  • Gunawardhana, P. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2018). Buddha Rashmi Vesak Volume 2018: Essays in Buddhism and Buddhist Monastic Archaeology. Colombo, Sri Lanka Central Cultural Fund, Ministry of Education, Sri Lanka.
  • Gunawardhana, P., Coningham, R.A.E. & Nampoothiri, K. (2017). Buddha Rashmi Vesak Volume: Essays in Buddhism and Buddhist Monastic Archaeology. Central Cultural Fund of Sri Lanka.
  • Scarre, GF & Coningham, RAE (2013). Appropriating the Past: Philosophical Perspectives on the Practice of Archaeology. Cambridge Cambridge University Press.
  • Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2010). Essays in Archaeology 2. Colombo: Neptune Publications.
  • Gunawardhana, P. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2005). Essays in Archaeology. Colombo: Godage International Publishers.
  • Coningham & Lewer N. (2000). Identity and Archaeology in South Asia. Antiquity.

Journal Article

Newspaper/Magazine Article

  • Coningham, R.A.E. & Acharya, K.P. (2020). After the Earthquake: Post-Disaster Archaeology in Nepal. Current World Archaeology 9(3): 32-35.
  • Coningham, R.A.E Acharya, K.P., Davis, C.E. Kunwar, R.B. Simpson, I.A. Joshi, A. & Weise, K. (2018). Resilience Within the Rubble: Reconstructing the Kasthamandap and its Past after the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake. SPACES 14(10): 32-41.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Manuel, M.J., Davis, C.E. & LaFortune-Bernard, A. (2018). Promoting the Protection, Preservation and Presentation of the Natal Landscape of the Buddha in Nepal. Lumbini Darpan 7: 35-49.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Davis, C.E., Kunwar, R.B., Schmidt, A. & Simpson, I. (2017). Below the Surface in Bhaktapur: Post-Earthquake Archaeological Assessment of the Vatsala Temple and Bhaktapur's Durbar Square. SPACES 12(11): 44-54.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Kunwar, R.B., Davis, C.E., Manuel, M.J. & Simpson, I.A. (2016). Tilaurakot: Early Historic City Planning in South Asia. SPACES 12(1): 48-57.
  • Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P. & Davis, C.E. (2015). Lumbini, Nepal: Excavating the Birthplace of the Buddha. Current World Archaeology 6(8): 32-37.

Supervision students