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European Country-Specific Requirements

European map in flag format

We recognise a wide range of qualifications from countries across the globe for entry to our courses. Each country has specific entry requirements. For non-European students, discover more about our required International Entry Qualifications

Foundation Courses

If you don’t have the qualifications for entry or need extra help with the English language, then we accept a number of courses for entry to our undergraduate degrees. Discover more about our range of Foundation Courses.

Pathway programmes for international students available

International students who do not meet direct entry requirements have the option of studying an International Foundation Year or a Pre-Masters programme at the Durham University International Study Centre.

Upon successful completion, you can progress to your chosen degree at Durham University. Find out more about entry requirements for pathway programmes.

European Qualifications

If you’re studying in one of the European countries listed then you will find details of the grades you need to achieve in your qualifications below. Many of our courses have specific subject requirements as well, so please check your course information for these as well. If your country or qualification is not listed then please Ask us. 

European Countries:

Albania

Undergraduate

Neither the Albanian Dëftesë Pjekurie (Secondary School Leaving Certificate) nor the Diplomë e Maturës Shtetërore (Diploma of State Matura) are currently accepted for direct entry to any of our bachelor degree programmes. Candidates should take a foundation course, or other suitable programme such as A-levels.

Postgraduate

Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare / Bachelor (First Level (University) Diploma / Bachelor's degree) with an overall mark of 8/10 or above

Master Shkencave (master of science) or the kandidat i shkencave with an overall mark of 8/10 or above

Please note the Diplomë universitare alone is not sufficient preparation for postgraduate study at Durham University.

Armenia

Undergraduate

The Armenian Certificate of Secondary General Education alone is not accepted for undergraduate direct entry to any of our bachelor degree programmes. Candidates should take a foundation course, or other suitable programme such as A-levels.

A Level Entry Requirements

Araratian Baccalaureate

A*A*A

A*A*A

A*AA

A*AA

AAA

AAA

AAB

AAB

ABB

ABB

BBB

BBB

Postgraduate

Bachelor’s degree (Diplom bakalari astichan) awarded after 2004, a Specialist Diploma (Diplom masnageti) or Master’s degree (Diplom magistrosi astichan) with an average GPA of at least 3.3/4, 4.0/5, 80% or B+, depending on grading system.

Austria 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Reifeprüfung / Matura (Allgemeinbildende Hoehere Schule)

 

A*A*A

Pass with high distinction (Mit ausgezeichnetem Erfolg bestanden) with the majority of subjects at grade 1 (sehr gut).

Specific subjects may be required at grade 1 depending on the degree programme

A*AA

Pass with high distinction (Mit ausgezeichnetem Erfolg bestanden) with the majority of subjects at grade 1 (sehr gut).

Specific subjects may be required at grade 1 depending on the degree programme

AAA

Pass with high distinction (Mit ausgezeichnetem Erfolg bestanden) with the majority of subjects at grade 1 (sehr gut).

 

AAB

Pass with high distinction (Mit ausgezeichnetem Erfolg bestanden) with the majority of subjects at grade 1 (sehr gut).

 

ABB

Pass with distinction (mit gutem erfolg bestanden) with the majority of subjects at least grade 2.

 

BBB

Pass with distinction (mit gutem erfolg bestanden) with the majority of subjects at least grade 2.

 

Postgraduate

Bachelor’s Degree (3 years) with GPA 2.4 (gut)

Belarus

Undergraduate

The Атэстат аб агульнай сярэдняй адукацыi (Certificate of General Secondary Education) is not accepted for undergraduate direct entry to any of our bachelor degree programmes. Candidates should take a foundation course, or other suitable programme such as A-levels.

Postgraduate

A Specialist Diploma or Master’s Diploma with a score of 8/10 or 4/5 from a well ranked institution.

Belgium 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Diploma van Hoger Secundair Onderwijs/Certificat d'Enseignement Secondaire Supérieur/Abschlusszeugnis der Oberstufe des Sekundarunterrichts

 

A*A*A

85%  or 8.5/10 or 18/20 overall with minimum of 90% or 9/10 or 19/20 in three subjects

90% or 9/10 or 19/20 may be required in specified subjects

 

A*AA

85% or 8.5/10 or 18/20 overall

90% or 9/10 or 19/20 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

80% or 8/10 or 17/20 overall

90% or 9/10 or 19/20 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

80% or 8/10 or 17/20 overall

 

ABB

70% or 7/10 or 15/20 overall

 

BBB

70% or 7/10 or 15/20 overall

 

Postgraduate

Licentiaat/ Licencié with 70% or 14/20

 Bachelor degree with Distinction (or above)/ Bachelor degree with 72% or above

Boznia & Herzegovina

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Diploma o položenom maturskom ispitu (RS) / Diploma o završenoj srednjoj školi (FiBH) (Secondary School Leaving Diploma)

 

A*A*A

5.0 overall

5.0 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

5.0 overall

5.0 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

5.0 overall

5.0 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

5.0 overall

 

ABB

5.0 overall

 

BBB

5.0 overall

 

Postgraduate

Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja/ Diplomirani (Advanced Diploma of Higher Education/ Bachelor degree) in an appropriate subject with a score of 9/10 from a well ranked public institution.

Bulgaria 

A Level Entry Requirements

Diploma za Sredno Obrazovanie

 

A*A*A

5.8 overall, to include 3 examinations with 6 in two specified subjects

 

A*AA

5.7 overall, to include 3 examinations with 6 in specified subjects

 

AAA

5.7 overall, to include 3 examinations

6 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

5.7 overall, to include 3 examinations

 

ABB

5.0 overall

 

BBB

5.0 overall

 

Postgraduate

Бакалавър (Bachelor degree) / Професионален бакалавър (Professional Bachelor degree) with a minimum overall grade of 4.5/6

Croatia 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Svjedodžba o Maturi (Certificate of Maturity) in conjunction with the Drzavna Matura

A*A*A

5 overall in the Svjedodžba, with at least 5,5 at Higher Level in specified subjects in the Drzavna Matura

A*AA

5 overall in the Svjedodžba, with at least 5,4 at Higher Level in specified subject(s) in the Drzavna Matura

AAA

5 overall in the Svjedodžba, with at least 4 at Higher Level in the Drzavna Matura

AAB

5 overall in the Svjedodžba, with at least 4 at Higher Level in the Drzavna Matura

ABB

5 overall in the Svjedodžba, with at least 4 at Higher Level in the Drzavna Matura

BBB

5 overall in the Svjedodžba, with at least 4 at Higher Level in the Drzavna Matura

Postgraduate

Bachelor degree/Baccalaureus/Baccalaurea with 3/5 minimum

Cyprus 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Apolytirion of Lykeion with A-Levels

 

A*A*A

Contact Department

 

A*AA

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

 

AAA

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

 

AAB

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

 

ABB

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

 

BBB

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

 

Postgraduate

Ptychio (Bachelor degree) from a Public University with an overall grade of 7.5/10

Ptychio (Bachelor degree) from a programme that is approved by ECPU from a private institution (where the institution is approved by Ministry of Education and Culture) with an overall grade of 3.9/4.

Czech Republic/Czechia 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Maturitni Zkouška / Maturita

 

A*A*A

1 in three subjects, with 2 or better in all other subjects

1 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

1 in the majority of subjects, with 2 or better in all other subjects

1 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

1 in the majority of subjects, with no less than 2 in all subjects.

1 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

2 or better in all subjects

 

ABB

2 or better in all subjects

 

BBB

2 or better in all subjects

 

Postgraduate

Bakalář (Bachelor degree) with 1.5; B (velmi dobre).

Denmark 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Studentereksamen (STX, HHX or HTX or HF)

 

A*A*A

Contact department

 

A*AA

Minimum of 10/12 or above overall.

12/12 may be required in specific subjects

AAA

Minimum of 10/12 or above overall.

12/12 may be required in specific subjects

AAB

Minimum of 10/12 or above overall.

 

ABB

Minimum of 10/12 or above overall.

 

BBB

Minimum of 10/12 or above overall.

 

Postgraduate

Bachelor degree / Candidatus Philosophiae (3 years) or Diplomingeniør (Engineer)  with grade of 10/12.

Estonia 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Gümnaasiumi lõputunnistus (Secondary School Certificate) including the Rligieksum

 

A*A*A

Overall score of 5 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 95%, 95%, 90% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams

95% or 90% may be required in specific subjects 

A*AA

Overall score of 5 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 95%, 90%, 90% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams

95% or 90% may be required in specific subjects 

AAA

Overall score of 5 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of with scores of 90%, 90%, 90% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams

90% may be required in specific subjects 

AAB

Overall score of 4.5 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 90%, 90%, 85% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams

 

ABB

Overall score of 4 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 90%, 85%, 85% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams

 

BBB

Overall score of 4 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 90%, 85%, 85% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams

 

Postgraduate

Bakalaurusekraad with a grade of 4/ B.

European Baccalaureate 

A levels 

 

A*A*A 

Pass with overall result of 85% 

A*AA 

Pass with overall result of 85% 

AAA 

Pass with overall result of 85% 

AAB 

Pass with overall result of 80% 

ABB 

Pass with overall result of 75% 

BBB 

Pass with overall result of 70% 

Where specific subjects are required: 

A* = 9 in the required subject(s) 

A = 8.5 in the required subject(s) 

B = 8 in the required subject(s) 

Finland 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Ylioppilastutkinto / studentexamen

 

A*A*A

Pass with 7776 in four subjects

7 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

Pass with 7776 in four subjects

7 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

Pass with 7666 in four subjects

7 or 6 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

Pass with 7666 in four subjects

 

ABB

Pass with 6666 in four subjects

 

BBB

Pass with 6666 in four subjects

 

Postgraduate

Kandidaati/ Kandidat with 2/3 or 4/5.

France 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Baccalauréat Général (including  Option Internationale du Baccalauréat, OIB)

 

A*A*A

17 Très bien overall

17 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

16 Très bien overall

17 or 16 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

15 Bien overall

16 or 15 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

14 Bien overall

 

ABB

14 Bien overall

 

BBB

13 Bien overall

 

Postgraduate

Licence (obtained since 2008)/Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur / Architecte Diplômé d'État with 13/20.

Georgia

Undergraduate

The General Education Diploma (Sashualo Ganatlebis Atestasi) is not currently accepted for direct entry to any of our bachelor degree programmes. Candidates should take a foundation course, or other suitable programme such as A-levels.

Postgraduate

Bachelor’s degree (Bakalavris Khariskhi) /Specialist Diploma (Umaghlesi Ganatlebis Diplomi) when awarded after 4 years or more of study/ Master’s degree (Magistris Khariskhi) with an average GPA of at least 3.3/4, 4.0/5 or B+.

Germany 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Abitur

 

A*A*A

At least 1.2 overall

13 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

At least 1.2 overall

13 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

At least 1.5 overall

12 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

At least 1.8 overall

 

ABB

At least 2.1 overall

 

BBB

At least 2.1 overall

 

Postgraduate

First State Exam (Erstes Staatsexamen: Jura / Sekundarstufe II / Sonderpädagogische Lehrämter) - when awarded up to and including 2002/ Erste Staatsprüfung (Primarstufe / Sekundarstufe I) / Bachelor’s (post-2002)/ Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung with overall grade of 2.4.

Greece 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Apolytirion of Lykeion with A-Levels

A*A*A

Contact Department

A*AA

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

AAA

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

AAB

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

ABB

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

BBB

18.5/20 or above in the Apolytirion and 2 A-levels with grades between A*-B

Postgraduate

Ptychio (Bachelor degree) from a Public University with an overall grade of 7.5/10.

Ptychio (Bachelor degree) from a programme that is approved by ECPU from a private institution (where the institution is approved by Ministry of Education and Culture) with an overall grade of 3.9/4.

Hungary 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Erettsegi / Matura

 

A*A*A

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 95%, 90% in two Advanced level subjects and 85%, 85%, 80% in three Intermediate level subjects

May include any specified subjects at higher level.

 

A*AA

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 90%, 90% in two Advanced level subjects and 85%, 80%, 80% in three Intermediate level subjects

May include any specified subjects at higher level.

AAA

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 80%, 80% in two Advanced level subjects and 80%, 80%, 80% in three Intermediate level subjects

May include any specified subjects at higher level.

AAB

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 80%, 80% in two Advanced level subjects and 80%, 80%, 75% in three Intermediate level subjects

 

ABB

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 80%, 80% in two Advanced level subjects and 80%, 75%, 75% in three Intermediate level subjects

 

BBB

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 80%, 80% in two Advanced level subjects and 80%, 75%, 75% in three Intermediate level subjects

 

Postgraduate

Alapfokozat or Egyetemi Oklevél with 3/5.

Iceland

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Studentsprof (from Gymnasium)

 

A*A*A

Overall average score of 9.5

10 may be required in specific subjects

A*AA

Overall average score of 9

10 may be required in specific subjects

AAA

Overall average score of 9

10 may be required in specific subjects

AAB

Overall average score of 9

10 may be required in specific subjects

ABB

Overall average score of 9

 

BBB

Overall average score of 9

 

Postgraduate

Baccalaurreatus or Bakkalárpróf or Candidatus at 8/10.

Ireland (Republic of) 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Irish Leaving Certificate (Higher level)

 

A*A*A

H1,H1,H2,H2,H2

Specific subjects may be required

A*AA

H1,H2,H2,H2,H2

Specific subjects may be required

AAA

H2,H2,H2,H2,H2

Specific subjects may be required

AAB

H2,H2,H2,H2,H3

 

ABB

H2,H2,H3,H3,H3

 

BBB

H2,H2,H3,H3,H3

 

 

Italy 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Esame di Stato

 

A*A*A

Overall average grade of 98% or above

90% or above may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

Overall average of 95% or above

90% or above may be required in specified subjects

AAA

Overall average of 95% or above

90% or above may be required in specified subjects

AAB

Overall average of 90% or above

 

ABB

Overall average of 85% or above

 

BBB

Overall average of 85% or above

 

Postgraduate

Laurea (a three-year bachelor’s degree)/Diploma Accademico di Primo Livello/ Licenza di Accademia di Belle Arti/ Diploma di Istituto Superiore per le Industrie Artistiche with an overall grade of 90/110.

Kosovo

Undergraduate

Diplomë për kryerjen e shkollës së mesme të lartë is currently not accepted for direct entry to any of our bachelor degree programmes. Candidates should take a foundation course, or other suitable programme such as A-levels.

Postgraduate 

Baҫelor / Baccalaureus (Bachelor Degree) from a recognised Kosovan institution, with a GPA score of at least B or 9/10 (Very Good).

Latvia 

Undergraduate

The Latvian Atestats par visparejo videjo izglitibu is currently not accepted for direct entry to any of our bachelor degree programmes. Candidates should take a foundation course, or other suitable programme such as A-levels.

Postgraduate Taught

Bakalaura (obtained since 2003) with 8/10.

Liechtenstein

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Liechtenstein Matura

 

A*A*A

6.0 overall including at least 6 in two subjects and 5 in one

6 or 5 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

6.0 overall including at least 6 in one subject and 5 in two

6 or 5 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

6.0 overall including at least 5 in three subjects

5 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

5.5 overall including at least 5 in two subjects and 4 in one

 

ABB

5.5 overall including at least 5 in one subject and 4 in two

 

BBB

5.5 overall including at least 5 in one subject and 4 in two

 

Postgraduate

Bachelor Degree / Dipl Ing (FH) - Fachhochschule Diplom / Dipl Arch (FH) / Magister Philosophiae with an overall grade of 5/6 or Good.

Lithuania 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Brandos Atestatas (Certificate of Maturity from a Gymnasium or Secondary School)

 

A*A*A

Overall average 9.5 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 95%, 95%, 90%

Specific subjects may be required at state level

A*AA

Overall average 9.5 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 95%, 90%, 90%

Specific subjects may be required at state level

AAA

Overall average 9.5 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 90%, 90%, 90%

Specific subjects may be required at state level

AAB

Overall average 9 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 90%, 90%, 80%

 

ABB

Overall average 9 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 90%, 80%, 80%

 

BBB

Overall average 9 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 90%, 80%, 80%

 

Postgraduate

Bakalauro Diplomas (Bachelor's Degree) or Profesinis Bakalauras (Professional Bachelor's Degree) with 9/10.

Luxembourg 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Diplôme de Fin d'Etudes Secondaires

A*A*A

Contact department

A*AA

Pass with an overall score of 48 or above

AAA

Pass with an overall score of 48 or above

AAB

Pass with an overall score of 47 or above

ABB

Pass with an overall score of 45 or above

BBB

Pass with an overall score of 44 or above

Postgraduate

A bachelor’s degree with a minimum 14/20.

Malta 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Advanced Matriculation (AM) / Matriculation Certificate Examination- (as examined by University of Malta (MATSEC) only)

 

A*A*A

Pass with AA at Advanced Level and AAA at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge

May include specified subjects at Advanced Level.

A*AA

Pass with AA at Advanced Level and AAA at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge

May include specified subjects at Advanced Level.

AAA

Pass with AA at Advanced Level and AAA at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge

May include specified subjects at Advanced Level.

AAB

Pass with AA at Advanced Level and BBB at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge.

 

ABB

Pass with AB at Advanced Level and BBB at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge

 

BBB

Pass with AB at Advanced Level and BBB at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge.

 

Postgraduate

Bachelor’s degree with a 2.1.

Moldova

Undergraduate

The Diploma de Bacalaureat is currently not accepted for direct entry to any of our bachelor degree programmes. Candidates should take a foundation course, or other suitable programme such as A-levels.

Postgraduate

Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) with a score of 8/10 from a well ranked institution.

Montenegro

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Diploma o polozenom maturskom ispitu

 

A*A*A

5,5,5,5

5 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

5,5,5,5

4 or 5 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

5,5,5,4

4 or 5 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

5,5,4,4

 

ABB

5,5,4,4

 

BBB

5,4,4,4

 

Postgraduate

Diploma o završenim osnovnim akademskim studijama (Diploma of Completed Academic Undergraduate Studies) or Diploma primenjenih osnovnih studija (Diploma of Professional Undergraduate Studies) with overall grade of 8 and above, or B and above.

Netherlands 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

VWO (Voorbereidend Wetenschappelijk Onderwijs)

 

A*A*A

Minimum of grade 8 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 9, 9, 8

9 or 8 may be required in specific subjects

A*AA

Minimum of grade 8 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 9, 8, 8

9 or 8 may be required in specific subjects

AAA

Minimum of grade 8 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 8, 8, 8

8 may be required in specific subjects

AAB

Minimum of grade 7.5 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 8, 8, 7

 

ABB

Minimum of grade 7.5 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 8, 7, 7

 

BBB

Minimum of grade 7.5 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 7, 7, 7

 

Postgraduate

A bachelor’s degree or doctoraal with a 7 or 8 out of 10.

North Macedonia

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Macedonian Secondary School Leaving Diploma/Matura

 

A*A*A

An overall grade of 5.0

5.0 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

An overall grade of 5.0

5.0 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

An overall grade of 5.0

5.0 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

An overall grade of 5.0

 

ABB

An overall grade of 4.0

 

BBB

An overall grade of 4.0

 

Postgraduate

Bachelor's with an overall grade of 9/10 from a recognised institution.

Norway

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Norweigan Vitnemål fra den Videregående Skole (VVO)

 

A*A*A

Overall grade 5

5 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

Overall grade 5

5 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

Overall grade 5

5 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

Overall grade 4.5

5 may be required in specified subjects

ABB

Overall grade 4.5

5 may be required in specified subjects

BBB

Overall grade 4.5

 

Maths

Students applying for mathematics or science-based programmes which require mathematics and further mathematics at A- level will require VVO mathematics at R1 followed by R2 level

S2 mathematics is required for applicants to Social Science programmes which require Maths A- level

Postgraduate 

Bachelorgrad – Grade B (very good) or better.

Poland 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Polish Swiadectwo Dojrzałości / Matura

 

A*A*A

Overall average of 90% or above to include at least 3 advanced level courses, 2 of which are at 90% or above.

90% may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

Overall average of 90% or above overall (to include at least 3 advanced level courses)

90% may be required in specified subjects

AAA

Overall average of 85% or above (to include at least 3 advanced level courses)

85% or 90% may be required in specified subjects

AAB

Overall average of 80% or above (to include at least 3 advanced level courses)

 

ABB

Overall average of 80% or above (to include at least 3 advanced level courses)

 

BBB

Overall average of 80% or above (to include at least 3 advanced level courses)

 

Postgraduate 

Licencjat / Inżynier (Bachelor degree) (post-2005) with an overall grade of B, 4.5/5 , 5/6 or Better than good.

Portugal 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Certificado de fim de Estudos Secundários

 

A*A*A

Overall average score of 19 or above

19 may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

Overall average score of 19 or above

19 may be required in specified subjects

AAA

Overall average score of 19 or above

18 may be required in specified subjects

AAB

Overall average score of 18 or above

 

ABB

Overall average score of 18 or above

 

BBB

Overall average score of 18 or above

 

Postgraduate

Licenciado or Diploma de Estudos Superiores Especializados - DESE with 16/20, Bom com distinção (good with distinction).

Romania 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Diplomă de Bacalaureat

 

A*A*A

Pass with at least 9.5 in two subjects plus at least 9.0 in one subject

9.5 or 9.0 may be required in specific subjects

A*AA

Pass with at least 9.5 in one subject plus at least 9.0 in two subjects

9.5 or 9.0 may be required in specific subjects

AAA

Pass with at least 9.0 in three subjects

9.0 may be required in specific subjects

AAB

Pass with at least 9.0 in two subjects plus at least 8.5 in one subject

 

ABB

Pass with at least 9.0 in one subject plus at least 8.5 in two subjects

 

BBB

 

 

Postgraduate

Diplomă de Licenţă (awarded since 2003) with 8/10.

Russia

Undergraduate

The Russian (Attestat) Certificate of Secondary Education at grade 11 is currently not accepted for direct entry to any of our bachelor degree programmes. Candidates should take a foundation course, or other suitable programme such as A-levels.

Postgraduate

Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma with 4/5.

Serbia

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Диплома о стеченом среднем образованиy / Diploma o stecenom srednem obrazovanju (Diploma of Completed Secondary Education) / Matura (less than 5 years)

 

A*A*A

Overall average score of 5

5 may be required in specified subject(s)

A*AA

Overall average score of 5

5 may be required in specified subject(s)

AAA

Overall average score of 5

5 may be required in specified subject(s)

AAB

Overall average score of 5

5 may be required in specified subject(s)

ABB

Overall average score of 5

5 may be required in specified subject(s)

BBB

Overall average score of 5

 

Postgraduate

Diplomirani with 8/10 from a recognised university in Serbia.

Slovakia 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Maturitná skúška / Maturita

 

A*A*A

výborný (1) in the majority of subjects, and at least 4 subjects should be taken

85% or above maybe be required in specified subjects

A*AA

výborný (1) in the majority of subjects, and at least 4 subjects should be taken

85% or above maybe be required in specified subjects

AAA

výborný (1) in the majority of subjects, and at least 4 subjects should be taken

85% or above maybe be required in specified subjects

AAB

výborný (1) in the majority of subjects, and at least 4 subjects should be taken

 

ABB

výborný (1) in the majority of subjects, and at least 4 subjects should be taken

 

BBB

výborný (1) in the majority of subjects, and at least 4 subjects should be taken

 

Postgraduate

Bakalár awarded since 2005 with grade B /1.5.

Slovenia 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Slovenian Matura / Secondary School Leaving Diploma

 

A*A*A

Pass matura with 55555 in individual subjects

Higher level mathematics or higher level in a language may be required for some programmes at grades 6-8, depending on the undergraduate course. In such a case, this grade would replace one of the specified grades

A*AA

Pass matura with 55554 in individual subjects

 

AAA

Pass matura with 55544 in individual subjects

 

AAB

Pass matura with 55444 in individual subjects

 

ABB

Pass matura with 54444 in individual subjects

 

BBB

Pass matura with 44444 in individual subjects

 

Postgraduate

University Diploma (Univerzitetni diplomant) with a grade 9.

Spain 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Curso de Orientación Universitaria (COU) / Título de Bachillerato

 

A*A*A

Overall 9 or above plus 9 in 2 specified subjects

9 may be required in specified subjects, and some departments may require the Science and Technology strand

A*AA

Overall 9 or above

9 may be required in specified subjects, and some departments may require the Science and Technology strand

AAA

Overall 9 or above

9 may be required in specified subjects, and some departments may require the Science and Technology strand

AAB

Overall 9 or above

9 may be required in specified subjects, and some departments may require the Science and Technology strand

ABB

Overall 9 or above

 

BBB

Overall 9 or above

 

Postgraduate

Universitario Oficial de Graduado with 7.5 out of 10.

Sweden 

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Avgångsbetyg / Slutbetyg från Gymnasieskola (previously Studentexamen) (Upper Secondary School Leaving Certificate)

A*A*A

2500 credits taken with an overall score of 19.5 including AAB in specified subjects

A*AA

2500 credits taken with an overall score of 19.5 including ABB in specified subjects

AAA

2500 credits taken with an overall score of 19.0 including BBB in specified subjects

AAB

2500 credits taken with an overall score of 18.0 including BBB in specified subjects

ABB

2500 credits taken with an overall score of 16.0 including BBC in specified subjects

BBB

2500 credits taken with an overall score of 16.0 including BBC in specified subjects

Postgraduate

Bachelor’s degree with VG (Väl godkänd) - Pass with distinction.

Switzerland

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Federal Maturity Certificate/
Maturitätszeugnis/
Certificat de Maturité/
Baccalauréat/
Attestato di Maturità

 

 

A*A*A

Overall score of 5.5 with 6 in specified subjects

6 or 5 may be required in specific subjects

A*AA

Overall score of 5 with 5 in specified subjects 

6 or 5 may be required in specific subjects

AAA

Overall score of 5 with 5 in specified subjects

5 may be required in specific subjects

AAB

Overall score of 5 with 5 in specified subjects

5 may be required in specific subjects

ABB

Overall score of 4.5

 

BBB

Overall score of 4.5

 

Postgraduate

Diplôme/Diplom/Diploma/Diplôme d'État/Staatsdiplom/Diploma di Stato/Licence/Lizentiat/Licenza with an overall a grade of 5 out of 6, or 8 out of 10, or 2.5 out of 5 (where 1 is the highest grade).

Turkey

Undergraduate

A Level Entry Requirements

Devlet Lise Diplomasi (State High School Diploma) or Lise Bitirme Diplomasi (Private High School Finishing Diploma)

 

A*A*A

Final year (year 12) grade of 86% or higher – provided the school is on the approved high school list

85% may be required in specified subjects

A*AA

Final year (year 12) grade of 86% or higher – provided the school is on the approved high school list

85% may be required in specified subjects

AAA

Final year (year 12) grade of 85% or higher – provided the school is on the approved high school list

85% may be required in specified subjects

AAB

Final year (year 12) grade of 84% or higher – provided the school is on the approved high school list

85% may be required in specified subjects

ABB

Final year (year 12) grade of 83% or higher – provided the school is on the approved high school list

 

BBB

Final year (year 12) grade of 82% or higher – provided the school is on the approved high school list

 

If you are unsure whether your school is on our approved high school list for the Turkish Diplomasi please contact us here to confirm.

Students studying IB, American APs/SATs, or other recognised international qualifications in addition to the Turkish Diplomasi will ordinarily be made an either/ or offer on both systems.

Postgraduate

Lisans Diplomasi with a GPA of 3.2+. Please note this GPA requirement will be lower or higher depending on the institution ranking; please contact us here to confirm our normal GPA requirement for your institution.

Ukraine

Undergraduate

The Ukrainian Certificate of Secondary School Education (Atestat pro Povnu Zagal'nu Sersdniu Osvitu) is currently not accepted for direct entry to any of our bachelor degree programmes. Candidates should take a foundation course, or other suitable programme such as A-levels.

Postgraduate

Dyplom Bakalavra with GPA 3.5/4, 4.5/5 or 11/12. Applicants with the Dyplom Magistra can be accepted for postgraduate studies providing a minimum GPA of 3/5 or 7/10.