Skip to main content

European Country-Specific Requirements

European map in flag format

We recognise a wide range of qualifications from countries across the globe for entry to our courses. Each country has specific entry requirements. For non-European students, discover more about our required International Entry Qualifications

Foundation Courses

If you don’t have the qualifications for entry or need extra help with the English language, then we accept a number of courses for entry to our undergraduate degrees. Discover more about our range of Foundation Courses.

European Qualifications

If you’re studying in one of the European countries listed then you will find details of the grades you need to achieve in your qualifications below. Many of our courses have specific subject requirements as well, so please check your course information for these as well. If your country or qualification is not listed then please Ask us. 

European Countries:

Austria 

A levelsReifeprüfung / Matura (Allgemeinbildende Hoehere Schule) 
A*A*A Pass with high distinction (Mit ausgezeichnetem Erfolg bestanden) with the majority of subjects at grade 1 (sehr gut). 

A*AA 

AAA 

AAB

 

ABB 

BBB 

Pass with distinction (mit gutem erfolg bestanden) with the majority of subjects at grade 2 or above (grade 1 for courses with a subject specific requirement) 

Belgium 

As assessments are made at the school level for these qualifications, applications from students studying these qualifications are considered on a case-by-case basis. Guidance on likely required grades is as follows: 

A levels 

Diploma van Secundair Onderwijs 

Certificat d'Enseignement 

Secondaire Supérieur 

Abschlusszeugnis der Oberstufe 

des Sekundarunterrichts 

A*A*A 

85% overall with minimum of 90% in three subjects, including any specified subjects 

5/10 overall with minimum of 9/10 in three subjects, including any specified subjects

18/20 overall with minimum of 19/20 in three subjects, including any specified subjects 

A*AA 

85% overall with minimum of 90%, including any specified subjects 

5/10 overall with minimum 9/10 in three subjects, including any specified subjects

18/20 overall with minimum of 19/20 in specified subjects 

AAA 

80% overall with minimum of 90%, including any specified subjects 

8/10 overall with minimum 9/10 in three subjects, including any specified subjects 

17/20 overall with minimum of 19/20 in specified subjects 

AAB 

80% overall with minimum of 85%, including any specified subjects 

8/10 overall with minimum 8.5/10 in three subjects, including any specified subjects 

17/20 overall with minimum of 18/20 in specified subjects 

ABB 

70% overall with minimum of 85, including any specified subjects 

7/10 overall with minimum 8.5/10 in three subjects, including any specified subjects 

15/20 overall with minimum of 18/20 in specified subjects 

BBB 

70% overall with minimum of 80%, including any specified subjects 

7/10 overall with minimum 8/10 in three subjects, including any specified subjects 

15/20 overall with minimum of 18/20 in specified subjects 

Bulgaria 

A levels 

 Diploma za Sredno Obrazovanie 

A*A*A 

8 overall including3 state examinations withat least 6 in two subjects 

A*AA 

AAA 

AAB 

7 overall including3 state examinations (grade 6 for courses with a subject specific requirement)

Overall (grade 6 for courses with a subject specific requirement)

 

ABB 

BBB 

 

Croatia 

A levels 

Svjedodžba o Maturi (Certificate of Maturity) 

Drzavna Matura (State Matura) 

A*A*A 

Please ask us. 

5, 5, 5 in higher level subjects 

A*AA 

 

 

5 overall (grade 5 for courses with a subject specific requirement) 

AAA 

 

AAB 

 5 overall (grade 5 for courses with a subject specific requirement) 

5, 5, 4 in higher level subjects 

ABB 

 5 overall, with minimum 4 in all subjects 

5, 4, 4 in higher level subjects 

BBB 

 5 overall, with minimum 4 in all subjects 

4, 4, 4 in higher level subjects 

The following grades apply to our subject specific requirements (which for the Drzavna are required at higher level): 

A* or A at A level = 5 in the required subject(s) 

B at A level = 4 in the required subject(s) 

Cyprus 

A levels 

Apolytirion of Lykeio 

A*A*A 

Please ask us. 

 

A*AA 

AAA 

AAB 

ABB 

BBB 

 

If you have at least 18.5 out of 20 in the Apolytirion as well as 2 GCE A Levels with grades of A* to B you will be considered for undergraduate admission.  If you hold the Apolytirion of Lykeion without additional A levels then you will only will be eligible for entry to the Foundation Centre. 

Czech Republic/Czechia 

A levels 

Maturitni Zkouška / Maturita 

A*A*A 

A*AA 

AAA 

 1 in three subjects and 2 or better in all other subjects. 
 
Grade 1 may be required in specified/relevant subject(s) 

 

 

 

AAB 

ABB 

 

 2 or better in all subjects 
 
Grade 1 may be required in specified/relevant subject(s) 

BBB 

2 or better in all subjects  

Denmark 

A levels 

Danish Studentereksamen (STX, HHX or HTX or HF) 

A*A*A 

Please ask us. 

A*AA 

Minimum of 10/12 or above overall 

 

12/12 at level A may be required in specified subjects 

AAA 

AAB 

ABB 

 

Minimum of 10/12 or above overall 

BBB 

Minimum of 7/10 or above overall.  

Estonia 

A levels 

Gümnaasiumi lõputunnistus (Secondary School Certificate) including the Rligieksum 

A*A*A 

Overall score of 5 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 95%, 95%, 90% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams. 

A*AA 

Overall score of 5 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 95%, 90%, 90% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams. 

AAA 

Overall score of 5 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of with scores of 90%, 90%, 90% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams.  

AAB 

Overall score of 4.5 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 90%, 90%, 85% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams. 

ABB 

Overall score of 4 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 90%, 85%, 85% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams. 

BBB 

Overall score of 4 in the Gumnaasiumi loputunnistus with scores of 85% in 3 state (Riigeksam) exams. 

If a pre-requisite subject for the course is available to take at state level (i.e. Mathematics, Estonian or a second language), then this may be required for entry. 

European Baccalaureate 

A levels 

 

A*A*A 

Pass with overall result of 85% 

A*AA 

Pass with overall result of 85% 

AAA 

Pass with overall result of 85% 

AAB 

Pass with overall result of 80% 

ABB 

Pass with overall result of 75% 

BBB 

Pass with overall result of 70% 

Where specific subjects are required: 

A* = 9 in the required subject(s) 

A = 8.5 in the required subject(s) 

B = 8 in the required subject(s) 

Finland 

A levels 

Ylioppilastutkinto/studentexamen (Matriculation Examination) where 7 = Laudatur, 6 = Eximia. 

A*A*A 

Pass with 7776 in four subjects  

A*AA 

Pass with 7766 in four subjects 

AAA 

AAB 

Pass with 7666 in four subjects 

ABB 

BBB 

Pass with 6666 in four subjects 

France 

A levels 

Baccalauréat Général (including  Option Internationale du Baccalauréat, OIB) 

A*A*A 

17 overall 

A*AA 

16 overall 

AAA 

15 overall 

AAB 

ABB 

14 overall 

BBB 

13 overall 

Subject specific requirements usually range as follows: 

A* = 17  in the required subject(s)  

A = 15 in the required subject(s) 

B = 13 in the required subject(s) 

For courses requiring both Maths and Further Maths at A level: 

A*A* in Maths and Further Maths = 18 in FB Maths 

A*A in Maths and Further Maths = 17 in FB Maths 

AA in Maths and Further Maths = 16 in FB Maths 

Following the 2021 reforms, if you have any questions about your subject specialisms in relation to the course you’d like to study with us, please ask us. 

Germany 

A levels 

German Abitur 

A*A*A 

At least 1.2 overall (13 for courses with a subject specific requirement) 

A*AA 

At least 1.2 overall 

AAA 

At least 1.5 overall 

AAB 

At least 1.8 overall 

ABB 

At least 2.1 overall 

BBB 

At least 2.4 overall 

Greece 

A levels 

Apolytirion of Lykeio 

A*A*A 

Please ask us. 

 

A*AA 

AAA 

AAB 

ABB 

BBB 

If you have at least 18.5 out of 20 in the Apolytirion programme as well as 2 GCE A Levels with grades of A*, A or B (depending on course) will be considered for undergraduate admission. If you hold the Apolytirion of Lykeio without additional A levels then you will only will be eligible for entry to the Foundation Centre 

Hungary 

A levels 

Erettsegi / Matura 

A*A*A 

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 95%, 90% in two Advanced level subjects and 85%, 85%, 80% in three Intermediate level subjects. 

A*AA 

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 90%, 90% in two Advanced level subjects and 85%,80%,80% in three Intermediate level subjects. 

AAA 

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 80%, 80% in two Advanced level subjects and 80%,80%,80% in three Intermediate level subjects. 

AAB 

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 80%, 80% in two Advanced level subjects and 80%,80%,75% in three Intermediate level subjects. 

ABB 

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 80%, 80% in two Advanced level subjects and 80%,75%,75% in three Intermediate level subjects.  

BBB 

5 final subjects taken in the Hungarian Matura. 80%, 80% in two Advanced level subjects and 75%,75%,75% in three Intermediate level subjects.  

For courses with specific subject requirements: 

A* at A level = 85% in Advanced level subject(s) 

A at A level = 80% in Advanced level subject(s) 

B at A level = 75% in Advanced level subject(s) 

Ireland (Republic of) 

A levels 

Irish Leaving Certificate Higher level 

A*A*A 

H1,H1,H2,H2,H2 

A*AA 

H1,H2,H2,H2,H2 

AAA 

H2,H2,H2,H2,H2 

AAB 

H2,H2,H2,H2,H3 

ABB 

H2,H2,H3,H3,H3 

BBB 

H3,H3,H3,H3,H3 

Italy 

A levels 

Esame di Stato 

A*A*A 

Overall average grade of 98% or above (90% for courses with a subject specific requirement) 

A*AA 

AAA 

Overall average of 95% or above (90% for courses with a subject specific requirement) 

AAB 

Overall average of 90 or above 

ABB 

Overall average of 85 or above 

BBB 

Overall average of 80 

Latvia 

Atestats par visparejo videjo izglitibu 

Requires Foundation Year (or other accepted level 3 qualifications) for entry to undergraduate studies at Durham. Find out more about our International Study Centre.

Lithuania 

A levels 

Brandos Atestatas (Certificate of Maturity from a Gymnasium or Secondary School) 

A*A*A 

Overall average 9.5 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 95%, 95%, 90% 

A*AA 

Overall average 9.5 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 95%, 90%, 90% 

AAA 

Overall average 9.5 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 90%, 90%, 90% 

AAB 

Overall average 9 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 90%, 90%, 80% 

ABB 

Overall average 9 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 90%, 80%, 80% 

BBB 

Overall average 9 in the school matura, to include at least three state examinations at 80%, 80%, 80% 

Luxembourg 

A levels 

Diplôme de Fin d'Etudes Secondaires 

A*A*A 

Please ask us. 

A*AA 

AAA 

Pass with an overall score of 48 or above 

AAB 

Pass with an overall score of 47 or above 

ABB 

BBB 

Pass with an overall score of 45 or above 

Malta 

A levels 

Advanced Matriculation (AM) - (as examined by University of Malta (MATSEC) only) 

A*A*A 

Pass with AA at Advanced Level and AAA at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge. 

A*AA 

Pass with AA at Advanced Level and AAA at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge. 

AAA 

Pass with AA at Advanced Level and AAA at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge. 

AAB 

Pass with AA at Advanced Level and BBB at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge. 

ABB 

Pass with AB at Advanced Level and BBB at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge. 

BBB 

Pass with BB at Advanced Level and BBB at Intermediate level. Excludes Intermediate Level in Systems of Knowledge. 

Where additional Advanced levels are taken, these would form part of the offer instead of the Intermediate Level grades. If GCE A Level is taken alongside two Advanced Levels, and A* is part of the typical offer for that programme, an A* in the GCE A Level will be required. 

Netherlands 

A levels 

VWO (Voorbereidend Wetenschappelijk Onderwijs) 

A*A*A 

Minimum of grade 8 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 9, 9, 8, 

A*AA 

Minimum of grade 8 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 9, 8, 8 

AAA 

Minimum of grade 8 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 8, 8, 8 

AAB 

Minimum of grade 7.5 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 8, 8, 7 

ABB 

Minimum of grade 7.5 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 8, 7, 7, 

BBB 

Minimum of grade 7 overall plus three subjects with a minimum of grade 7, 7, 7, 

Poland 

A levels 

Swiadectwo Dojrzałości/Matura 

A*A*A 

Overall average of 90% or above to include at least 3 advanced level courses, 2 of which are at 90% or above. 

A*AA 

Overall average of 90% or above overall to include at least 3 advanced level courses 

AAA 

Overall average of 85% or above to include at least 3 advanced level courses 

AAB 

ABB 

Overall average of 80% or above to include at least 3 advanced level courses 

BBB 

Overall average of 75% or above to include at least 3 advanced level courses 

Portugal 

A levels 

Certificado de fim de Estudos Secundários 

A*A*A 

Overall average score of 19 or above 

A*AA 

AAA 

Overall average score of 19 or above 

AAB 

ABB 

Overall average score of 18 or above 

BBB 

Overall average score of 17 or above 

Romania 

A levels 

Diplomă de Bacalaureat 

A*A*A 

Pass with at least 9.5 in two subjects plus at least 9.0 in one subject 

A*AA 

Pass with at least 9.5 in one subject plus at least 9.0 in two subjects. 

AAA 

Pass with at least 9.0 in three subjects 

AAB 

Pass with at least 9.0 in two subjects plus at least 8.5 in one subject 

ABB 

Pass with at least 9.0 in one subject plus at least 8.5 in two subjects 

BBB 

Pass with at least 8.5 in three subjects. 

Slovakia 

A levels 

Maturitná skúška/Maturita 

A*A*A 

Please ask us. 

A*AA 

AAA 

AAB 

ABB 

 

Overall average score of 1/MCL 

BBB 

Overall average score of 2/MCL 

Slovenia 

A levels 

Matura/Secondary School Leaving Diploma 

A*A*A 

Pass matura with 55555 in individual subjects 

A*AA 

Pass matura with 55554 in individual subjects 

AAA 

Pass matura with 55544 in individual subjects 

AAB 

Pass matura with 55444 in individual subjects 

ABB 

Pass matura with 54444 in individual subjects 

BBB 

Pass matura with 44444 in individual subjects 

Spain 

A levels 

Curso de Orientación Universitaria (COU) / Título de Bachillerato 

A*A*A 

Overall 9 or above including 9 in 2 specified subjects 

A*AA 

AAA 

AAB 

ABB 

BBB 

 

9 or above 

Sweden 

A levels 

Avgångsbetyg / Slutbetyg från Gymnasieskola (previously Studentexamen) (Upper Secondary School Leaving Certificate) 

A*A*A 

2500+ credits taken with an overall score of 19.5 including AAB 

A*AA 

2500+ credits taken with an overall score of 19.5 including ABB 

AAA 

2500+ credits taken with an overall score of 19.0 including BBB  

AAB 

2500+ credits taken with an overall score of 18.0 including BBB 

ABB 

BBB 

2500+ credits taken with an overall score of 16.0 including BBC